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Hsa Review_Unit Four
 

Hsa Review_Unit Four

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    Hsa Review_Unit Four Hsa Review_Unit Four Presentation Transcript

    • HSA Review: Unit Four
    • Making Congressional Districts Timeline
      • 1. National Government takes census (population count) every 10 years
      • 2. Using the census data, the national govt . reapportions (divides up) the how many seats/districts each state receives in the House of Representatives
      • 3. Using the reapportionment info, states must create US Congressional districts of equal population .
      • 4. Many States redistrict using controversial methods to help the majority political party in state legislature  process called Gerrymandering
    •  
    • Congressional Redistricting
      • * Role of States :
      • - States redistrict  draw new Congressional boundaries based upon new census data every 10 years
    • USA Congress = Bi cameral Legislature (1) Bicameral Meaning  2 CHAMBERS (2) Main Function of Legislative Branch = Make Laws 1. Bill = suggested new Law 2. Lawmaking Process = many steps in lawmaking (like assembly line) 3. The Law = If both chambers & President signs, the bill becomes law
    • Influencing the Lawmaking Process
      • 1. Constituents (the people):
      • - write letters, sign petitions, meet with representatives, vote in referendums
      • 2. Media:
      • - give an issue little or lots of attention
      • 3. Interest Groups:
      • - persuade lawmakers to make bills to help their own interests
      • - Donate to campaigns via PAC’s!
    • Enumerated Congressional Powers Pages 157-161, Chart on 159 will be best help  Explain in your own words the meaning of these powers
      • * Short Definition of Enumerated powers: specific Congressional powers in the Constitution
      Money Powers Military and Foreign Policy Powers Commerce (trade) Powers * collect taxes  “power of the purse” * regulates & prints money * Declare war * raise/support army & navy * regulate foreign and interstate (between states) commerce
    • Necessary and Proper Congressional Powers Pages 157-161, Chart on 159 will be best help  Explain in your own words the meaning of these powers
      • 1. Short Definition of Necessary and Proper powers : Powers Congress can do beyond their specific powers
      • 2. Nickname of Necessary and Proper Clause: Elastic Clause
      Necessary and Proper Money Powers Necessary and Proper Commerce (Business) Powers Necessary and Proper Military & Foreign Policy Powers Necessary and Proper Other Legislative Powers * Entitlements, public schools, Medicare, Medicaid, public housing * Create a military draft * regulate immigration laws * Prevent discrimination in businesses, restaurants
    • The Basics
      • 1. Civil Rights: political rights & freedoms guaranteed by Constitution for ALL Americans
      • 2. Discrimination: Prejudice, usually based on race, religion, class, gender, disability, age.
    • Ending Racial & Gender Discrimination
      • * Civil Rights Act (1964):
      • Employers, Schools, Businesses cannot discriminate based on race/gender/religion
      • * Voting Rights Act (1965): forbids states from discriminately preventing citizens from voting
      • - Bans poll taxes & literacy
      • tests
    • Civil Rights Act of 1964 excerpt
      • “ All persons shall be entitled to full and equal employment of the…services…of any place of public accommodation…without discrimination or segregation on the grounds of race, color, religion, or national origin.”
      • * What does this mean?  Underline the key words
    • Political Cartoon
      • * Women make up 51% of population  Only 36.4 percent of managers = Women (2002)
      • * For every $1 men make, women make about $.80
      • * Why do you think women historically make less money than men?
    • Ending Gender Discrimination
      • * Higher Education Act Title IX (1972): Forbids gender discrimination in any educational program
      • - includes school sports
      • - spur growth of women sports
      • *What is the opportunity cost of spending more money on women’s sports?
    • Ending Disability Discrimination
      • * Americans with Disabilities Act (1990): Forbids discrimination against disabled people
      • * Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (1997) : guarantees all disabled children access to a free and appropriate public education
    • Civil Rights Practice
      • 1. Ellis feels that he shouldn’t have to take a literacy test in order to vote, however, the poll judge won’t let him vote until he proves he can read.
      • 2. Juanita is frustrated that the boy’s soccer team gets new uniforms and cleats this season, while the girl’s team must wear smelly old uniforms and cleats.
    • Civil Rights Practice
      • 3. Norman Najaf walks into KFC after school. Norman overhears two workers making jokes about his skin color.
      • 4. Crystal Cumplea ñ os recently broke her leg and uses a wheel chair. Crystal is annoyed that the mall does not have an elevator to make her shopping experience more pleasant.
      • 5. Reggie Randall has legal documents that require him to have extra time taking tests, but his teacher refuses to let Reggie have extra time.
    • Nonlegislative Powers = Non-Lawmaking Powers
      • 1. Choose a President:
      • - If no presidential candidate receives a majority of electoral votes—the House chooses the President, Senate chooses the Vice President
      • 2. Removal Power:
      • - House can impeach (accuse) the President of wrongdoing
      • - If impeached, the Senate conducts the trial
    • Nonlegislative Powers = Non-Lawmaking Powers
      • 3. Ratification Power:
      • - Senate must confirm all treaties
      • made with other countries
      • - Senate must confirm ( approve )=
      • all presidential appointments
      • 4. Amendment Power:
      • (1) 2/3 of Congress can propose Constitutional amendments (changes)
      • (2) 3/4 of States must approve amendments