Hsa Review Day 4 Unit Five


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Hsa Review Day 4 Unit Five

  1. 1. HSA Review: Unit Five
  2. 2. Function of the Executive Branch <ul><li>* Leaders of the Federal Executive Branch: </li></ul><ul><li>(1) The President </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Vice President </li></ul><ul><li>*Leaders of the State Executive Branch: </li></ul><ul><li>(1) Governor </li></ul><ul><li>(2) Lieutenant Governor </li></ul><ul><li>* Executive Branch: </li></ul><ul><li>- Enforces laws  makes sure laws are followed </li></ul>
  3. 3. Specific Presidential Powers <ul><li>* The President Can Grant: </li></ul><ul><li>1. Executive Order: rule that has the force of a law that does not need Congress’ approval </li></ul><ul><li>2. Treaty: formal agreement with other country—need 2/3 Senate approval </li></ul>
  4. 4. The President’s Cabinet <ul><li>* Definition : Persons appointed by executive to lead executive departments & be official advisers </li></ul><ul><li>*Review  Who must confirm all Presidential appointments ? </li></ul><ul><li>* Cabinet Departments: </li></ul><ul><li>- State Dept. </li></ul><ul><li>- Education Dept. </li></ul><ul><li>- Defense Dept. </li></ul><ul><li>- Homeland Security Dept. </li></ul>I advise that you shoot a nuclear missile towards Canada since they have lower prescription drug costs…
  5. 5. Regulatory Agencies <ul><li>* Definition: agencies inside the cabinet depts that enforce millions of laws </li></ul><ul><li>* important Regulatory Agencies: </li></ul><ul><li>- Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) </li></ul><ul><li>- Food and Drug Administration (FDA) </li></ul><ul><li>- Federal Communications Commission (FCC) </li></ul><ul><li>- Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) </li></ul><ul><li>- Federal Trade Commission (FTC) </li></ul>
  6. 6. Regulatory Agencies Review <ul><li>1. F D A Regulates food/drug Laws </li></ul><ul><li>2. E P A Regulates environmental Laws </li></ul><ul><li>3. F A A Regulates air safety Laws </li></ul><ul><li>4. F C C Regulates media/TV/radio Laws </li></ul><ul><li>5. F T C Regulates trade/business Laws </li></ul>
  7. 7. Executive Branch Layout The President & Vice President ( Leads Executive Branch) The Cabinet (15) ( President’s Official Advisers) Regulatory Agencies (dozens) ( Enforces millions of specific laws)
  8. 8. Electoral College Vocabulary <ul><li>1. Popular Vote: the simple sum of all votes cast for a candidate </li></ul><ul><li>2. Electoral College: the Constitutional system that directly elects the President & Vice-President every 4 years </li></ul><ul><li>3. Electoral Vote: the votes used to elect president  proportional to state’s population: - the bigger a state’s population, the more electoral votes the state has </li></ul>
  9. 9. Questions to keep in mind: <ul><li>1. What are the Constitutional requirements to become President? </li></ul><ul><li>2. What is the electoral college ? </li></ul><ul><li>3. Why did George W. Bush beat Al Gore, even though Gore had more popular votes than Bush? </li></ul>
  10. 10. Constitutional Requirements to Become President <ul><li>1. Natural-born US citizen </li></ul><ul><li>2. Must be at least 35 years old </li></ul><ul><li>** These requirements apply to the Vice President too** </li></ul>
  11. 11. Step 1 <ul><li>* Eligible voters (citizens,18 & older) cast ballots for their choice for President of the United States </li></ul>
  12. 12. Step 2 <ul><li>* The candidate who wins most of a state’s popular vote receives ALL of the state’s electoral votes  Your Vote does Count! </li></ul>
  13. 13. Step 3 <ul><li>* A Presidential candidate must receive a majority (more than 50%) of all electoral votes to win the presidential election </li></ul><ul><li> Today, a majority is 270 votes </li></ul><ul><li> Total Electoral Votes = 538 </li></ul>270/538 = 50.18%
  14. 14. Step 4 <ul><li>* With a majority of national electoral votes (at least 270 electoral votes)  the candidate becomes the next President of the United States </li></ul>
  15. 15. The 2000 Election <ul><li>* If candidate wins the majority of the national popular vote , but loses the national electoral vote , he/she does NOT become president. </li></ul><ul><li> Al Gore (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>**Do you think Al Gore was happy he won a majority of the national Popular Vote ? </li></ul>
  16. 16. This rarely happens, but… <ul><li>* If no candidate wins a majority of the electoral votes, the US House of Representatives decides the Presidential election </li></ul><ul><li> Hasn’t happened in over 100 years! </li></ul>