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Hsa Review Day 4 Unit Five
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Hsa Review Day 4 Unit Five

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  • 1. HSA Review: Unit Five
  • 2. Function of the Executive Branch
    • * Leaders of the Federal Executive Branch:
    • (1) The President
    • (2) Vice President
    • *Leaders of the State Executive Branch:
    • (1) Governor
    • (2) Lieutenant Governor
    • * Executive Branch:
    • - Enforces laws  makes sure laws are followed
  • 3. Specific Presidential Powers
    • * The President Can Grant:
    • 1. Executive Order: rule that has the force of a law that does not need Congress’ approval
    • 2. Treaty: formal agreement with other country—need 2/3 Senate approval
  • 4. The President’s Cabinet
    • * Definition : Persons appointed by executive to lead executive departments & be official advisers
    • *Review  Who must confirm all Presidential appointments ?
    • * Cabinet Departments:
    • - State Dept.
    • - Education Dept.
    • - Defense Dept.
    • - Homeland Security Dept.
    I advise that you shoot a nuclear missile towards Canada since they have lower prescription drug costs…
  • 5. Regulatory Agencies
    • * Definition: agencies inside the cabinet depts that enforce millions of laws
    • * important Regulatory Agencies:
    • - Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
    • - Food and Drug Administration (FDA)
    • - Federal Communications Commission (FCC)
    • - Federal Aviation Administration (FAA)
    • - Federal Trade Commission (FTC)
  • 6. Regulatory Agencies Review
    • 1. F D A Regulates food/drug Laws
    • 2. E P A Regulates environmental Laws
    • 3. F A A Regulates air safety Laws
    • 4. F C C Regulates media/TV/radio Laws
    • 5. F T C Regulates trade/business Laws
  • 7. Executive Branch Layout The President & Vice President ( Leads Executive Branch) The Cabinet (15) ( President’s Official Advisers) Regulatory Agencies (dozens) ( Enforces millions of specific laws)
  • 8. Electoral College Vocabulary
    • 1. Popular Vote: the simple sum of all votes cast for a candidate
    • 2. Electoral College: the Constitutional system that directly elects the President & Vice-President every 4 years
    • 3. Electoral Vote: the votes used to elect president  proportional to state’s population: - the bigger a state’s population, the more electoral votes the state has
  • 9. Questions to keep in mind:
    • 1. What are the Constitutional requirements to become President?
    • 2. What is the electoral college ?
    • 3. Why did George W. Bush beat Al Gore, even though Gore had more popular votes than Bush?
  • 10. Constitutional Requirements to Become President
    • 1. Natural-born US citizen
    • 2. Must be at least 35 years old
    • ** These requirements apply to the Vice President too**
  • 11. Step 1
    • * Eligible voters (citizens,18 & older) cast ballots for their choice for President of the United States
  • 12. Step 2
    • * The candidate who wins most of a state’s popular vote receives ALL of the state’s electoral votes  Your Vote does Count!
  • 13. Step 3
    • * A Presidential candidate must receive a majority (more than 50%) of all electoral votes to win the presidential election
    •  Today, a majority is 270 votes
    •  Total Electoral Votes = 538
    270/538 = 50.18%
  • 14. Step 4
    • * With a majority of national electoral votes (at least 270 electoral votes)  the candidate becomes the next President of the United States
  • 15. The 2000 Election
    • * If candidate wins the majority of the national popular vote , but loses the national electoral vote , he/she does NOT become president.
    •  Al Gore (2000)
    • **Do you think Al Gore was happy he won a majority of the national Popular Vote ?
  • 16. This rarely happens, but…
    • * If no candidate wins a majority of the electoral votes, the US House of Representatives decides the Presidential election
    •  Hasn’t happened in over 100 years!