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Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four
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Hsa Review Day 3 Unit Four

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  • 1. HSA Review: Unit Four
  • 2. “ The Top Floors” Our National Legislature:
    • 1. Name: United States Congress
    • (1) Chamber: House of Representatives (435 members)
    • (2) Chamber: Senate (100 members)
    • 2. Specific National Powers:
    • - Print & Borrow Money
    • - Create Army & Navy
    • - Regulate interstate (between states) business
  • 3. “ The Middle Floors” Our State Legislature
    • 1. Name: Maryland General Assembly (in Annapolis)
    • (1) Chamber: House of Delegates (141 members)
    • (2) Chamber: State Senate (47 members)
    • 2. Specific State Powers:
    • - Issue licenses (marriage/driving)
    • - regulate intra state (within state) business  state lotteries
  • 4. “ The Bottom Floors” Our County Legislature
    • 1. Name: Prince George’s County Council (Upper Marlboro)
    • (1 Chamber) 9 Members—from 9 equal districts (like US House)
    • 2. Specific County Powers:
    • - Land use  Zoning (what can be built and where)
    • - Police & Fire services
    Will Campos
  • 5. Review: Referendum
    • * Referendum: a bill passed by a state/local legislature is given to voters for final support or refusal
  • 6. USA Congress = Bi cameral Legislature (1) Bicameral Meaning  2 CHAMBERS (2) Main Function of Legislative Branch = Make Laws 1. Bill = suggested new Law 2. Lawmaking Process = many steps in lawmaking (like assembly line) 3. The Law = If both chambers & President signs, the bill becomes law
  • 7. Influencing the Lawmaking Process
    • 1. Constituents (the people):
    • - write letters, sign petitions, meet with representatives, vote in referendums
    • 2. Media:
    • - give an issue little or lots of attention
    • 3. Interest Groups:
    • - persuade lawmakers to make bills to help their own interests
    • - Donate to campaigns via PAC’s!
  • 8. Enumerated Congressional Powers Pages 157-161, Chart on 159 will be best help  Explain in your own words the meaning of these powers
    • * Short Definition of Enumerated powers: specific Congressional powers in the Constitution
    Money Powers Military and Foreign Policy Powers Commerce (trade) Powers * collect taxes  “power of the purse” * regulates & prints money * Declare war * raise/support army & navy * regulate foreign and interstate (between states) commerce
  • 9. Necessary and Proper Congressional Powers Pages 157-161, Chart on 159 will be best help  Explain in your own words the meaning of these powers
    • 1. Short Definition of Necessary and Proper powers : Powers Congress can do beyond their specific powers
    • 2. Nickname of Necessary and Proper Clause: Elastic Clause
    Necessary and Proper Money Powers Necessary and Proper Commerce (Business) Powers Necessary and Proper Military & Foreign Policy Powers Necessary and Proper Other Legislative Powers * Entitlements, public schools, Medicare, Medicaid, public housing * Create a military draft * regulate immigration laws * Prevent discrimination in businesses, restaurants
  • 10. Making Congressional Districts Timeline
    • 1. National Government takes census (population count) every 10 years
    • 2. Using the census data, the national govt . reapportions (divides up) the how many seats/districts each state receives in the House of Representatives
    • 3. Using the reapportionment info, states must create US Congressional districts of equal population .
    • 4. Many States redistrict using controversial methods to help the majority political party in state legislature  process called Gerrymandering
  • 11.  
  • 12. Congressional Redistricting
    • * Role of States :
    • - States redistrict  draw new Congressional boundaries based upon new census data every 10 years
  • 13. The Basics
    • 1. Civil Rights: political rights & freedoms guaranteed by Constitution for ALL Americans
    • 2. Discrimination: Prejudice, usually based on race, religion, class, gender, disability, age.
  • 14. Ending Racial & Gender Discrimination
    • * Civil Rights Act (1964):
    • Employers, Schools, Businesses cannot discriminate based on race/gender/religion
    • * Voting Rights Act (1965): forbids states from discriminately preventing citizens from voting
    • - Bans poll taxes & literacy
    • tests
  • 15. Civil Rights Act of 1964 excerpt
    • “ All persons shall be entitled to full and equal employment of the…services…of any place of public accommodation…without discrimination or segregation on the grounds of race, color, religion, or national origin.”
    • * What does this mean?  Underline the key words
  • 16. Political Cartoon
    • * Women make up 51% of population  Only 36.4 percent of managers = Women (2002)
    • * For every $1 men make, women make about $.80
    • * Why do you think women historically make less money than men?
  • 17. Ending Gender Discrimination
    • * Higher Education Act Title IX (1972): Forbids gender discrimination in any educational program
    • - includes school sports
    • - spur growth of women sports
    • *What is the opportunity cost of spending more money on women’s sports?
  • 18. Ending Disability Discrimination
    • * Americans with Disabilities Act (1990): Forbids discrimination against disabled people
    • * Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (1997) : guarantees all disabled children access to a free and appropriate public education
  • 19. Civil Rights Practice
    • 1. Ellis feels that he shouldn’t have to take a literacy test in order to vote, however, the poll judge won’t let him vote until he proves he can read.
    • 2. Juanita is frustrated that the boy’s soccer team gets new uniforms and cleats this season, while the girl’s team must wear smelly old uniforms and cleats.
  • 20. Civil Rights Practice
    • 3. Norman Najaf walks into KFC after school. Norman overhears two workers making jokes about his skin color.
    • 4. Crystal Cumplea ñ os recently broke her leg and uses a wheel chair. Crystal is annoyed that the mall does not have an elevator to make her shopping experience more pleasant.
    • 5. Reggie Randall has legal documents that require him to have extra time taking tests, but his teacher refuses to let Reggie have extra time.
  • 21. Nonlegislative Powers = Non-Lawmaking Powers
    • 1. Choose a President:
    • - If no presidential candidate receives a majority of electoral votes—the House chooses the President, Senate chooses the Vice President
    • 2. Removal Power:
    • - House can impeach (accuse) the President of wrongdoing
    • - If impeached, the Senate conducts the trial
  • 22. Nonlegislative Powers = Non-Lawmaking Powers
    • 3. Ratification Power:
    • - Senate must confirm all treaties
    • made with other countries
    • - Senate must confirm ( approve )=
    • all presidential appointments
    • 4. Amendment Power:
    • (1) 2/3 of Congress can propose Constitutional amendments (changes)
    • (2) 3/4 of States must approve amendments

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