26 Disaster

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  • 26 Disaster

    1. 1. Chapter 26 Disaster Preparedness
    2. 2. Natural Disasters <ul><li>Earthquakes, floods, hurricanes, and tornados claim many lives each year. </li></ul><ul><li>You need to be informed to protect yourself and others. </li></ul>
    3. 3. Earthquake <ul><li>A sudden, rapid shaking of the earth caused by breaking and shifting of rock beneath the earth’s surface. </li></ul><ul><li>Can cause: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Buildings and bridges to collapse </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Disrupt gas, electric, and phone service </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trigger landslides, avalanches, flash floods, fires, and tsunamis </li></ul></ul>
    4. 4. What to Do During an Earthquake <ul><li>If indoors, take cover. </li></ul><ul><li>If outdoors, find a clear spot away from buildings, trees, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>If in a vehicle, pull over and stay there with your seatbelt fastened until the shaking stops. </li></ul><ul><li>If you are trapped in debris, do not panic. </li></ul><ul><li>Learn to turn off your gas supply. </li></ul>
    5. 5. Flood <ul><li>With the exception of fire, floods are the most common natural disaster. </li></ul><ul><li>Pay attention to flash flood warnings. </li></ul><ul><li>Be especially aware of storms in the hills above you. </li></ul>
    6. 6. What to Do During a Flood <ul><li>Be aware of the likelihood of flooding. </li></ul><ul><li>Listen to the radio or television stations for information. </li></ul><ul><li>If local authorities issue a flood watch, prepare to evacuate. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not walk through moving water. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not drive into flooded areas. </li></ul><ul><li>If flood water rises around your car and you cannot drive out, abandon your car and move to higher ground. </li></ul>
    7. 7. Heat Wave <ul><li>In extreme heat and high humidity, cooling of the body by evaporation is slowed. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Difficult for the body to maintain normal body temperature </li></ul></ul><ul><li>People living in urban areas may be at greater risk. </li></ul>
    8. 8. What to Do During a Heat Wave <ul><li>Stay in the coolest location. </li></ul><ul><li>Drink plenty of water regularly. </li></ul><ul><li>Never leave children or pets in vehicles. </li></ul><ul><li>Dress in loose-fitting clothes. </li></ul><ul><li>Protect your face and head when outdoors. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid too much sunshine. </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid strenuous work during the warmest part of the day. </li></ul><ul><li>Spend at least 2 hours in an air-conditioned place. </li></ul><ul><li>Check on family, friends, and neighbors. </li></ul>
    9. 9. Hurricane <ul><li>A tropical storm with winds that have reached a constant speed of at least 74 miles per hour </li></ul><ul><li>Can bring torrential rains, high winds, and flooding </li></ul>
    10. 10. What to Do During a Hurricane <ul><li>Listen to the radio or television stations for local information. </li></ul><ul><li>Secure your home. </li></ul><ul><li>If you are not evacuating, prepare for the worst. </li></ul><ul><li>If you are evacuating, prepare backpacks to take your disaster supplies to the shelter. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fuel your vehicle and review evacuation routes. </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Landslides <ul><li>Occur in almost every US state when masses of rock, earth, or debris move down a slope </li></ul><ul><li>May be small or large and can move at slow or high speeds </li></ul><ul><li>Usually associated with periods of heavy rainfall or rapid snowmelt </li></ul>
    12. 12. What to Do During a Landslide <ul><li>Stay alert. </li></ul><ul><li>Consider evacuating an area susceptible to landslides. </li></ul><ul><li>Listen for unusual sounds. </li></ul><ul><li>Be alert when driving. </li></ul><ul><li>If you remain at home, move to the second level if possible. </li></ul>
    13. 13. Tornado <ul><li>A violent windstorm characterized by a twisting, funnel-shaped cloud </li></ul><ul><li>Spawned by a thunderstorm or sometimes a hurricane </li></ul><ul><li>Every state is at some risk </li></ul>
    14. 14. What to Do During a Tornado <ul><li>Go immediately to a basement or inner hallway without windows. </li></ul><ul><li>Get under a piece of sturdy furniture. </li></ul><ul><li>If outdoors, try to get indoors or lie in a ditch. </li></ul><ul><li>Go to a shelter area. </li></ul><ul><li>If you are in a vehicle, get out and take shelter in a nearby building. </li></ul>
    15. 15. Tsunami <ul><li>A series of waves generated by an undersea disturbance </li></ul><ul><ul><li>From the area of disturbance, the waves travel outward in all directions </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Drowning is the most common cause of death due to a tsunami. </li></ul>
    16. 16. What to Do During a Tsunami <ul><li>Listen to the radio or television for local information. </li></ul><ul><li>Stay away from the area until authorities say it is safe to return. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not go to the shoreline to watch for a tsunami. </li></ul>
    17. 17. Volcano Eruption <ul><li>A volcano is a mountain that opens downward to a reservoir of molten rock below the earth’s surface. </li></ul><ul><li>When the pressure from gases and molten rock become strong enough to cause an explosion, eruptions occur. </li></ul><ul><li>Most injuries and deaths are due to ash, falling rocks, landslides, and floods. </li></ul>
    18. 18. What to Do During a Volcano Eruption <ul><li>Follow evacuation orders. </li></ul><ul><li>If indoors, close all windows and doors. </li></ul><ul><li>If outdoors, seek shelter indoors and avoid low-lying areas. </li></ul><ul><li>Wear long-sleeved shirts and pants. </li></ul><ul><li>Use goggles to protect your eyes. </li></ul><ul><li>Use a dust mask. </li></ul><ul><li>Stay out of the area around the erupting volcano. </li></ul>
    19. 19. Wildfire <ul><li>Forest, brush, and grass fires can occur at any time of the year. </li></ul><ul><li>Occur mostly during long, dry hot spells </li></ul><ul><li>Majority of these fires are caused by human carelessness or ignorance </li></ul>
    20. 20. What to Do During a Wildfire <ul><li>Listen to local radio or television for the latest emergency information. </li></ul><ul><li>If advised to evacuate, do so immediately. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a route away from the fire hazard. </li></ul>
    21. 21. Winter Storm <ul><li>Heavy snowfall and extreme cold can immobilize an entire region. </li></ul><ul><li>Even areas that usually experience mild winters can be hit with a major snowstorm or extreme cold. </li></ul>
    22. 22. What to Do During a Winter Storm (1 of 3) <ul><li>If indoors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Listen to local radio or television. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conserve fuel. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Eat and drink regularly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Never use heat sources designed for outside use in a closed space. </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. What to Do During a Winter Storm (2 of 3) <ul><li>If outdoors: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dress warmly in layers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Avoid overexertion. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Be aware of signs of frostbite and hypothermia. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep dry by changing wet clothing. </li></ul></ul>
    24. 24. What to Do During a Winter Storm (3 of 3) <ul><li>If trapped in a vehicle: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Pull off of the highway. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Stay inside the vehicle. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Run the engine and heater about 10 minutes each hour to keep warm. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exercise. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Take turns sleeping. </li></ul></ul>
    25. 25. Technological Hazards <ul><li>Hazardous materials incidents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chemicals are found everywhere. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They can become hazardous during their production, storage, transportation, and disposal. </li></ul></ul>
    26. 26. What to Do During a Hazardous Materials Incident <ul><li>Call 9-1-1. </li></ul><ul><li>Stay away from the incident site. </li></ul><ul><li>If caught outside, stay upstream, uphill, upwind. </li></ul><ul><li>If asked to evacuate, do so immediately. </li></ul><ul><li>If requested to stay indoors, follow all instructions. </li></ul>
    27. 27. Nuclear Power Plants <ul><li>Nuclear power plants operate in most states. </li></ul><ul><li>Nearly 3 million Americans live within 10 miles of an operating nuclear power plant. </li></ul>
    28. 28. What to Do During a Nuclear Power Plant Emergency <ul><li>Stay tuned to local radio and television for information. </li></ul><ul><li>Evacuate if you are advised to do so. </li></ul><ul><li>If told not to evacuate, stay inside. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use the phone unless absolutely necessary. </li></ul><ul><li>If you suspect exposure, take a shower. </li></ul><ul><li>Seek medical treatment for any symptoms. </li></ul>
    29. 29. National Security Emergencies <ul><li>Terrorism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Use of force or violence against persons or property in violation of the criminal laws for the purposes of intimidation, coercion, or ransom. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Chemical and biologic agents </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Have toxic effects </li></ul></ul>
    30. 30. What to Do During a Chemical or Biologic Attack <ul><li>Listen to the local radio or television for instructions from authorities. </li></ul><ul><li>If instructed to remain inside: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Turn off all ventilation. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Seek shelter in an internal room. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Do not use major appliances. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Remain in protected areas. </li></ul><ul><li>If outdoors, try and get upwind and inside. </li></ul>
    31. 31. Nuclear and Radiologic Weapons <ul><li>Nuclear explosions can cause deadly effects such as blinding light, intense heat, initial nuclear radiation, blast fires, and secondary fires. </li></ul><ul><li>A dirty bomb is considered far more likely to be used by terrorists. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Combination of conventional explosives and radioactive material </li></ul></ul>
    32. 32. What to Do During a Nuclear or Radiologic Attack <ul><li>Avoid looking at the flash or fireball. </li></ul><ul><li>If you hear an attack warning: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Take cover quickly. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>If caught outside, take cover </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect yourself from radioactive fallout by taking shelter. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Keep a battery-powered radio with you. </li></ul></ul>
    33. 33. Summary <ul><li>Every American will likely be an unfortunate victim or witness to at least one disaster during his or her lifetime. </li></ul><ul><li>When a disaster strikes, you must be ready to act. </li></ul>

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