Walker, Chapter 1

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Walker, Chapter 1

  1. 1. The Police in America Chapter One Police and Society
  2. 2. The Goals of the Book <ul><li>The purpose of this book is to provide the necessary background information about policing to help you, the reader, discuss such innovative programs as community policing, problem-oriented policing, zero-tolerance policing, and team policing. The book does not argue for or against any one of these innovations in policing. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Definition: Law Enforcement Agency <ul><li>A General Service Law Enforcement Agency: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Prevents crime </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigates crime and apprehends criminals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintains order </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provides many other miscellaneous services </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. Definition: Police Officer and Peace Officer <ul><li>A police officer is a nonmilitary person who is employed by a government agency and has the legal status of a peace officer. </li></ul><ul><li>A peace officer is a status granted to individuals who have certain powers not available to ordinary citizens and who provide certain legal protections. A peace officer can be police, probation, parole, or corrections officer. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Myths About Policing <ul><li>The Crime Fighter Myth </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Enforce the Law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Investigate Crimes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Arrest Criminals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Perpetuating the Crime Fighter Image </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Entertainment Media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>News Media </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Police themselves </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ignores order, maintenance, and peacekeeping </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Realities of Policing <ul><li>Complexity of the Police Role </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ambiguities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Discretion </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Conflict </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Studies of Police Work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Police Service Study </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Standards for Police Work </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The American Bar Association </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. American Bar Association, Standards Relating to the Urban Police Function <ul><li>Identify criminal offenders and criminal activity and, when appropriate, apprehend offenders and participate in subsequent court proceedings </li></ul><ul><li>Reduce the opportunities for the commission of some crimes through preventive patrol and other measures </li></ul><ul><li>Aid individuals who are in danger of physical harm </li></ul><ul><li>Protect constitutional guarantees </li></ul><ul><li>Facilitate the movement of people and vehicles </li></ul><ul><li>Assist those who cannot care for themselves </li></ul><ul><li>Identify potentially serious law enforcement or government problems </li></ul><ul><li>Create and maintain a feeling of security in the community </li></ul><ul><li>Promote and preserve civil order </li></ul><ul><li>Provide other services on an emergency basis </li></ul>
  8. 8. Citizen Calls for Police Services
  9. 9. Factors that shape the police role <ul><li>Police are 24/7 </li></ul><ul><li>People call and police promise to respond </li></ul><ul><li>Police are generalists </li></ul><ul><li>Authority to use force </li></ul><ul><li>Police are part of the system of social control </li></ul>
  10. 10. Alternative Possibilities <ul><li>Problem-Oriented Policing </li></ul><ul><li>Community Policing </li></ul><ul><li>Zero-Tolerance Policing </li></ul><ul><li>Honest Law Enforcement </li></ul><ul><li>These topics will be discussed in future chapters. </li></ul>

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