Molecular Shapes and Hybridization• What do molecular  shapes tell us? • solubility properties • the degree of    attracti...
What is hybridization?• An easy way to describe/represent how  certain bonding occurs at the sub-atomic  level • it occurs...
What elements undergo Hybridization?• Elements in the columns where Be, B, C, N,  and O are located
What do hybrids look like?Normal                     HybridBe He __          Be He __ __       __ __         2s           ...
What about Boron?    Normal                       HybridB He __ __ __ __          B He __ __ __ __     2s       2p        ...
Carbon is next...   Normal                       HybridC He _ _ _ _              C He _ _ _ _    2s      2p               ...
Here’s Nitrogen...N He _ _ _ _                N He _ _ _ _    2s       2p                         2sp     Normal          ...
Oxygen is last.    Normal                  HybridO He _ _ _ _          O He _ _ _ _      2s      2p                2sp Ang...
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Molecular Shapes & Hybridization

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  • Molecular Shapes & Hybridization

    1. 1. Molecular Shapes and Hybridization• What do molecular shapes tell us? • solubility properties • the degree of attraction between molecules
    2. 2. What is hybridization?• An easy way to describe/represent how certain bonding occurs at the sub-atomic level • it occurs when an s-orbital combines with a p-orbital to form an orbital of intermediate energy
    3. 3. What elements undergo Hybridization?• Elements in the columns where Be, B, C, N, and O are located
    4. 4. What do hybrids look like?Normal HybridBe He __ Be He __ __ __ __ 2s 2spLinear
    5. 5. What about Boron? Normal HybridB He __ __ __ __ B He __ __ __ __ 2s 2p 2sp Trigonal planar
    6. 6. Carbon is next... Normal HybridC He _ _ _ _ C He _ _ _ _ 2s 2p 2sp Tetrahedral
    7. 7. Here’s Nitrogen...N He _ _ _ _ N He _ _ _ _ 2s 2p 2sp Normal Hybrid Pyramidal
    8. 8. Oxygen is last. Normal HybridO He _ _ _ _ O He _ _ _ _ 2s 2p 2sp Angular or bent

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