THE FOUR SEASONS IN THE MIDDLE AGES <ul><li>Clocks did not exist in the Middle Ages. </li></ul><ul><li>The seasons were like a clock for many people as they knew very little about calendars. </li></ul><ul><li>People thought that time had a double </li></ul><ul><li>component: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fisical: measured by the sun (sun’s clocks). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Spiritual: measured by the bells of the churches. </li></ul></ul>The images in this presentation are taken from the book “Les Très Riches Heures du Duc de Berry”
WINTER <ul><li>Winter is the season when Christ was born and during this time, they celebrated holidays (Christmas). </li></ul><ul><li>Afterwards, a time of purification began, of both animals (san Anton, January 17th) and people;( la Candelaria, February 2nd;) and even souls: Lent (to remember the fourty days that Christ spent in the desert fasting). </li></ul>
Winter scenes We see here the day chosen for exchanging gifts. often the coldest of the year. Near the farm a young man cuts wood a wild boar hunt in the forest
SPRING TIME <ul><li>In Spring time everything turns green. It's the time for resurrection. It's EASTER (Pascua) and Christianity represents the last year of Christ's life and his triumph over his death. </li></ul><ul><li>But spring time was also time for war (during the winter armies retreat to safety lines) </li></ul><ul><li>A curious fact : In Spring time people used to go to the barber shop not only for a haircut, but also to take out a tooth or even blood (they thought the bad humours were in the blood and they must be withdrawn from the body) </li></ul>
Spring time scenes Fields and woods turn green once more; flowers spring from the fresh grass. One and all celebrate this rejuvenation and become a part of it. the year's first farm work Young men used to bring branches. On that day one had to wear green at the risk of being ridiculed
SUMMER TIME <ul><li>The longest day in the year occurs in Summer, san Juan (june 24th), mixing up rites that are not utterly Christian. </li></ul><ul><li>On August 15, there is the ascension of the virgin to heaven, it's a great party that celebrates the fertility of the harvest. </li></ul><ul><li>Interesting fact: bread made up 70% of the food for a poor peasant, they almost never ate meat. And the beer that they drank was thicker like a pulp or a soup rather than a normal liquid. </li></ul>
Summer scenes It is harvest time sheep shearing A richly dressed horseman bearing a falcon. On the hills an overloaded cart. Swimmers frolic
Autumn <ul><li>Autumn is time for accountability and payments therefore is under the protection of Mateus- september 21 - (the money collector) and Michel the arcangel in charge of weighing the souls- september 29- </li></ul><ul><li>By all the saints, and all dead (november 1, 2) it's the end of the Christian year and also of the activity in the country side. </li></ul><ul><li>It is time for harvesting the grape, which was important for the church and rich people. </li></ul><ul><li>Interesting fact: the peasants never tasted wine, it was very very expensive. </li></ul>
Autumn scenes the grape harvest October, the month of tilling and sowing A peasant feeding his pigs.
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