Hand tools

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  • 1. Risk ControlHand ToolsErgonomic Solutions at a GlanceDescription of IssueNot using a mechanical tool, or using one incorrectly, can result in repetitive, forceful motions, which can causeinjury to an individual’s hands, arms and shoulders.Related injuries:• Carpal Tunnel (CTS)• Elbow strain• Vibration syndrome• Trigger finger• Shoulder strainPossible Solutions1 – Use Mechanical Power, not Muscles. Reduces repetitive, forceful muscle exertions. Improves body postures. Improves quality by delivering consistent torque, and less damage to fasteners or component parts. Increases productivity Increased costs associated with tools and preventive maintenance.Cost: $500 +2 – Properly use Pneumatic Tool Objective: Select and use a pneumatic tool that will keep the wrist, elbow and shoulder in a neutral posture.Use an Pistol Grip Driver when the fastener is:• Vertical & Overhead or Below the Knees• Horizontal & at Waist HeightUse an Inline Driver when the fastener is:• Horizontal & Overhead or Below the Knees• Vertical & at Waist LevelSome battery-operated drivers can switch between the pistol grip andinline position.
  • 2. Page 2Risk Control3 – Other Tool considerations Tool Balancer – supports the weight of the tool while employee performs the task. Clutch – eliminates torque kickback at the end of fastening cycle. Torque Reaction Arm – reduces the torque or kickback of the tool absorbed by the body.When selecting a Driver, consider:• RPMs necessary to perform the task.• Inline vs. pistol grip• Weight of the tool, i.e., if a tool balancer can not be used, then provide a lightweight driver.• Reverse feature, multi finger trigger, cordless, air discharge location, warranty, preventative maintenance, and environmental factors.Guideline for developing your solutionIdentify tasks currently being performed with manual labor to determine if mechanical power could be used.Review tasks currently being done using mechanical power, to ensure proper usage of pistol grip or inline drivers.For more information, visit our Web site at travelers.com/riskcontrol, contact your RiskControl consultant or email Ask-Risk-Control@travelers.com. .................................................... The information provided in this document is intended for use as a guideline and is not The Travelers Indemnity Company intended as, nor does it constitute, legal or professional advice. Travelers does not warrant and its property casualty affiliates that adherence to, or compliance with, any recommendations, best practices, checklists, or One Tower Square guidelines will result in a particular outcome. In no event will Travelers or any of its Hartford, CT 06183 subsidiaries or affiliates be liable in tort or in contract to anyone who has access to or uses this information. Travelers does not warrant that the information in this document constitutes a complete and finite list of each and every item or procedure related to the topics or issues referenced herein. Furthermore, federal, state or local laws, regulations, standards or codes may change from time to time and the reader should always refer to the most current requirements. This material does not amend, or otherwise affect, the provisions or coverages of any insurance policy or bond issued by Travelers, nor is it a representation that coverage does or does not exist for any particular claim or loss under any such policy or bond. Coverage depends on the facts and circumstances involved in the claim or loss, all applicable policy or bond provisions, and any applicable law. travelers.com © 2008 The Travelers Companies, Inc. All rights reserved. Doc#: 116