Micro and nanotechnology to enhance the physical security of credentials and products<br />Adrian Burden<br />
Passport fraud is the 'biggest threat facing the world', claims Interpol<br />Published Date: 29 January 2010<br />"The gr...
Overview<br />Introduction to counterfeiting<br />Documents / ID credentials and products<br />Introduction to micro and n...
Counterfeiting & security<br /><ul><li>Integrity
Tamper evidence
Authenticity
Secure identity
Pedigree
Track and trace</li></ul>Digital Media<br />(piracy)<br />Digital / biometrics<br />Packaging<br />Physical items<br />Cre...
Trends with documents, and now products<br />Sophistication of counterfeiters increasing<br />Advanced printing, advanced ...
Some facts and figures<br />Passports & fraud:  <br />Fraud costs the UK economy an estimated £20bn a year 1<br />Currency...
No to Fakes, our brand-centric resource<br />
Introduction to nanotechnology<br />Controlling materials at the small size scale<br />1 nm is 0.000 000 001 m (1 atom is ...
Advantages of nanotechnology<br />Advanced technology<br />High tech fabrication provides barrier to copying<br />Small de...
Optical<br />Quantum confinement effects<br />Specific wavelengths of light<br />Covert security – watermark / analogous t...
Molecular / chemical<br />Taggants, chemicals and molecular markers<br />Specialist detection equipment<br />Covert and / ...
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Micro and nanotechnology to enhance the physical security of credentials and products

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"Micro and nanotechnology to enhance the physical security of credentials and products"
Presented by Adrian Burden from Bilcare Research, NonClonable Security Technologies. This was presented at Queen Elizabeth II conference Centre, Westminster, London UK, dated 8-10 of February 2010.

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Micro and nanotechnology to enhance the physical security of credentials and products

  1. 1. Micro and nanotechnology to enhance the physical security of credentials and products<br />Adrian Burden<br />
  2. 2. Passport fraud is the 'biggest threat facing the world', claims Interpol<br />Published Date: 29 January 2010<br />"The greatest threat in the world is that last year there were 500m, half a billion, international air arrivals worldwide where travel documents were not compared against Interpol databases,<br />Right now in our database we have over 11 million stolen or lost passports.”<br />Secretary-General of Interpol Ronald Noble, at the World Economic Forum in Switzerland, 28 Jan 2010.<br />
  3. 3. Overview<br />Introduction to counterfeiting<br />Documents / ID credentials and products<br />Introduction to micro and nanotechnology<br />Materials science and engineering on the small scale<br />Applying micro and nanotechnology to security<br />Enhancing security, providing multiple layers<br />Examples of technologies<br />Conclusion<br />
  4. 4. Counterfeiting & security<br /><ul><li>Integrity
  5. 5. Tamper evidence
  6. 6. Authenticity
  7. 7. Secure identity
  8. 8. Pedigree
  9. 9. Track and trace</li></ul>Digital Media<br />(piracy)<br />Digital / biometrics<br />Packaging<br />Physical items<br />Credentials &<br />Documents<br />(fraud)<br />Products<br />(fakes)<br /><ul><li>Convergence</li></ul>Warranty cards / CoCs<br />
  10. 10. Trends with documents, and now products<br />Sophistication of counterfeiters increasing<br />Advanced printing, advanced manufacturing<br />Counterfeiting a high value / high volume business<br />From currency / ID, thru’ medicines / spare parts, to shampoo<br />Fraud and counterfeiting is an organized crime<br />Funds large operations, including child-labour / terrorism<br />The need for multiple layers <br />overt, covert, forensic<br />
  11. 11. Some facts and figures<br />Passports & fraud: <br />Fraud costs the UK economy an estimated £20bn a year 1<br />Currency:<br />2.5% (1 in 40, or may be 1 in 20) pound coins are fake in UK 2<br />Pharmaceutical<br />Fastest growing customs seizures – 10% 2008 for US Customs 3<br />Fashion: <br />Fake shoes the most common category – 38% / $102m seized 3<br />1 BBC report 28th July 2009 news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/8171325.stm<br />2 BBC report 8th April 2009 http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7988001.stm<br />3 Washington Post, 20th Nov 2009 – Crackdown targets counterfeit drugs<br />
  12. 12. No to Fakes, our brand-centric resource<br />
  13. 13. Introduction to nanotechnology<br />Controlling materials at the small size scale<br />1 nm is 0.000 000 001 m (1 atom is ~0.1 nm, hair width = ~200,000 nm)<br />Much hype about ‘grey goo’ and ‘swarms’<br />Reality is of specialist materials with unique properties<br />Is impacting coatings, catalysts, electronics, mechanics…<br />Is applied to packaging, energy, manufacturing, security…<br />
  14. 14. Advantages of nanotechnology<br />Advanced technology<br />High tech fabrication provides barrier to copying<br />Small details make reproduction difficult<br />Small size ideal for covert / forensic marking<br />Issues<br />Authenticating ‘nano-tags’ can be difficult / expensive<br />Expense of commercial quantities of nanomaterials<br />Yield / reproducibility in mass production<br />Toxicity / compatibility<br />There are many approaches with distinct advantages and disadvantages<br />
  15. 15. Optical<br />Quantum confinement effects<br />Specific wavelengths of light<br />Covert security – watermark / analogous to uvink<br />Examples of companies and products<br />www.nanosysinc.com<br />(with Life Technologies)<br />www.oxonica.com<br />www.evidenttech.com<br />www.nanocotechnologies.com<br />
  16. 16. Molecular / chemical<br />Taggants, chemicals and molecular markers<br />Specialist detection equipment<br />Covert and / or forensic<br />For solids and liquids<br />Examples of companies<br />Nanobarcodes<br />(was from Nanoplex / Oxonica)<br />www.microtracesolutions.com<br />www.adnas.com<br />www.nanoguardian.net<br />
  17. 17. Textural / morphology<br />Small-scale features<br />Intrinsic micro and nanostructure - disordered<br />‘Fingerprint’ of paper, package, substrate, etc<br />Area needs to be locatable and aligned<br />Infrastructure <br />For authentication<br />But also track and trace<br />
  18. 18. Magnetic Features<br />Advantages<br />Invisible signature with small feature size<br />Reliable low-cost read-heads available<br />Fast reading possible<br />Can be made extremely robust<br />Magnetic inks and watermarks possible<br />Disadvantages<br />Added to item (not usually intrinsic)<br />Detector / Reader required<br />
  19. 19. Bilcare’snonClonableTM system<br />DATA RECORD<br />1.Scanned barcode &<br /> fingerprint send to server<br />3.Information from<br /> Brand Owner to<br /> Forward to Source<br />4. Customized Information<br /> Sent Back to User<br />2. Secure Query of<br /> Brand Owner Server<br />Bilcare’s Secure<br />Clearing House<br />Data Server<br />Brand Owner<br />Server<br />See more at stand E21<br />
  20. 20. Conclusions<br />Document security and brand protection converging<br />Multiple layers required<br />Overt, Covert and Forensic solutions<br />Micro and Nanotechnology<br />Physical materials-technology to provide some of these layers<br />Higher barriers to counterfeiting<br />Enhanced complexity and security<br />Range of approaches – taggants, dyes, markers, structures<br />IT and central database systems playing a larger role<br />
  21. 21. Thank you<br />

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