INTRODUCTION• The Punjab region is diverse, due to its location near Central Asia.• It has been prone to numerous migrations and the resulting settlers have left imprints upon the local Punjabi population that remain present in the numerous sub-groups.• The Punjabi people are a heterogeneous group and can be subdivided into a number of ethnic clan groups in both the East and West Punjab called biradri (literally meaning a tribe), each having their own subtle differences.
GENETICS • The majority of Punjabi population share similar genes with other northern Indian populations.
CULTURE• Punjabi culture is the culture of the Punjab region.• It is one of the oldest and richest cultures in world history, dating from ancient antiquity to the modern era.
RELIGIONS IN PUNJAB• Punjab is one of the most tolerant and diverse in terms of religion in South Asia.• Punjabis are diverse in their religious thoughts and many religious and philosophical movements initiated here in the past.
LANGUAGE• The main language of the Punjabi people is Punjabi.• English is sometimes used, and people may also speak Hindi and older people who lived in the undivided Punjab may be able to speak and write in Urdu.• There is a significant Persian influence found in certain Punjabi dialects; this is more pronounced in the Pakistani Punjab region, due to the regions proximity to the Iranian plateau.• The Punjabi languages have absorbed numerous loanwords from surrounding areas and provinces (and from English).
CUISINE• Punjabi cuisine has an immense range of dishes and has become world- leader in the field; so much so that many entrepreneurs that have invested in the sector have built large personal fortunes due to the popularity of Punjabi cuisine throughout the world.
PUNJABI MUSIC AND DANCES• Bhangra is one of the many Punjabi musical art forms that is increasingly being listened to in the west and is making inroad in mainstream music scene.