Hollywood was a small community in 1870 and was incorporated as
a municipality in 1903. It merged with the City of Los Angeles in
1910, and soon thereafter a film industry began to emerge,
eventually becoming dominant in the world. From the late 1990s to
2013, new buildings, roadways and a subway public transportation
system have transformed the neighborhood.
Lions Gate Entertainment
20th Century Fox
Universal Studios Inc. (also known as Universal Pictures), is an American
motion picture studio, owned by Comcast through its wholly owned
subsidiary NBCUniversal, and is one of the six major movie studios. Its
production studios are at 100 Universal City Plaza Drive in Universal City,
California. Distribution and other corporate offices are in New York City.
Founded in 1912 by Carl Laemmle, Mark Dintenfass, Charles O. Baumann,
Adam Kessel, Pat Powers, William Swanson, David Horsley, and Jules
Brulatour, it is the oldest movie studio in the United States of America. It is
also the fourth oldest in the world that is still in continuous production.
Lions Gate Entertainment
Lions Gate Entertainment Corporation (or Lionsgate) is a North American
entertainment company. The company was formed in Vancouver, British
Columbia, on July 3, 1997, and is headquartered in Santa Monica, California.
As of November 2013, it is the most commercially successful independent film
and television distribution company in North America and the seventh most
profitable movie studio.Lionsgate Films is not to be confused with Robert
Altman's former company, "Lion's Gate Films" (although both names refer to
the same Vancouver landmark).
DreamWorks Studios (officially DW II Distribution Co., LLC) also known as
DreamWorks, LLC, DreamWorks SKG, DreamWorks Pictures, or simply
DreamWorks, is a California film studio which develops, produces, and
distributes films, video games and television programming. It has produced
or distributed more than ten films with box-office grosses totaling more than
$100 million each. Most of DreamWorks' films are marketed and distributed
by The Walt Disney Studios under its Touchstone Pictures label. DreamWorks
began in 1994 as an attempt by media moguls Steven Spielberg, Jeffrey
Katzenberg and David Geffen (forming the SKG present on the bottom on
both the DreamWorks and DreamWorks Animation logos) to create a new
Hollywood studio of which they owned 72%. In December 2005, the founders
agreed to sell the studio to Viacom, parent of Paramount Pictures
20th Century Fox
Twentieth Century Fox Film Corporation (Twentieth Century-Fox Film Corporation,
with hyphen, from 1935 to 1985)—also known as 20th Century Fox, or 20th Century
Fox Pictures, is one of the six major American film studios as of 2011. Located in the
Century City area of Los Angeles, just west of Beverly Hills, the studio used to be a
subsidiary of News Corporation, but now it is currently a subsidiary of 21st Century
Fox. The company was founded on May 31, 1935, as the result of the merger of Fox
Film Corporation, founded by William Fox in 1915, and Twentieth Century Pictures,
founded in 1933 by Darryl F. Zanuck and Joseph M. Schenck. 20th Century Fox has
distributed various commercially successful film series, including Star Wars, Ice Age, XMen, Die Hard, Planet of the Apes, Fantastic Four, Alien and Predator. Television
series produced by Fox include The Simpsons, M*A*S*H, The X-Files, Family Guy,
Buffy the Vampire Slayer, How I Met Your Mother, Glee, Modern Family and 24.
Among the most famous actresses to come out of this studio were Shirley Temple,
who was 20th Century Fox's first film star, Betty Grable, Gene Tierney, Marilyn
Monroe and Jayne Mansfield. The studio also contracted the first African-American
cinema star, Dorothy Dandridge.
The Walt Disney Studios is an American film studio, one of five major
business segments of The Walt Disney Company. The studio, known for its
multi-faceted film division, which is one of Hollywood's major film studios, is
based at the Walt Disney Studios in Burbank, California. Walt Disney
Studios' film division is a member of the Motion Picture Association of
America (MPAA). The Studios generated an estimated income of $661
million during the 2013 fiscal year. The studio entertainment business alone
(live-action and animated motion pictures, direct-to-video content, musical
recordings and live stage plays) brought in $5.83 billion in 2012.
Cinema of the United Kingdom
The United Kingdom has had a significant film industry for over a century.
While film production reached an all-time high in 1936, the 'golden age' of
British cinema is usually thought to have occurred in the 1940s, during which
the directors David Lean, Michael Powell, (with Emeric Pressburger) and
Carol Reed produced their most highly acclaimed work. Many British actors
have achieved international fame and critical success, including Michael
Caine, Sean Connery and Kate Winslet. Some of the films with the largest
ever box office returns have been made in the United Kingdom, including
the two highest-grossing film series (Harry Potter and James Bond). The
identity of the British industry, and its relationship with Hollywood, has been
the subject of debate. The history of film production in Britain has often been
affected by attempts to compete with the American industry. The career of
the producer Alexander Korda was marked by this objective, the Rank
Organisation attempted to do so in the 1940s, and Goldcrest in the 1980s.
Numerous British-born directors, including Alfred Hitchcock and Ridley Scott,
and performers, such as Charlie Chaplin and Cary Grant, have achieved
success primarily through their work in the United States.
Working Title Films
Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc., formerly known as Warner Bros. Studios,
commonly referred to as Warner Bros. (spelled Warner Brothers during the
company's early years), or simply WB—is an American producer of film,
television, and music entertainment. One of the major film studios, it is a
subsidiary of Time Warner, with its headquarters in Burbank, California and
New York. Warner Bros. has several subsidiary companies, including Warner
Bros. Studios, Warner Bros. Pictures, Warner Bros. Interactive Entertainment,
Warner Bros. Television, Warner Bros. Animation, Warner Home Video, New
Line Cinema, TheWB.com, and DC Entertainment. Warner owns half of The
CW Television Network.
BBC Films is the feature film-making arm of the BBC. It has produced or coproduced some of the most successful British films of recent years, including Alan
Partridge: Alpha Papa, Quartet, Salmon Fishing in the Yemen, My Week with
Marilyn, Jane Eyre, In the Loop, An Education, StreetDance 3D, Fish Tank, Nativity!,
Iris, Notes on a Scandal and Billy Elliot.BBC Films co-produces around eight films a
year, working in partnership with major international and UK distributors. Christine
Langan is Head of BBC Films, responsible for the development and production slate,
strategy and business operations. Until 2007, BBC Films was based in Mortimer
Street, near Broadcasting House in London, while still under the full control of the
BBC. A re-structuring of the division integrated it into the main BBC Fiction
department of BBC Vision. As a result, it moved out of its independent offices into
Television Centre, and its head David M. Thompson left to start his own film
production company. Since 2013, it has relocated into Broadcasting House, where
BBC Vision became simply 'Television'.
Film4 Productions is a British film production company owned by Channel
Four Television Corporation. The company has been responsible for backing
a large number of films made in the United Kingdom. The company's first
production was Walter, directed by Stephen Frears, which was released in
1982. Prior to 1998, the company was identified as Channel Four Films or
FilmFour International. Later, the outfit was re-branded as FilmFour, to
coincide with the launch of a new Digital TV channel of the same name. The
company cut its budget and staff significantly in 2002, due to mounting
losses, and was re-integrated into the drama department of Channel 4. In
2004, Tessa Ross became head of both Film4 and Channel 4 drama.The
name "Film4 Productions" was introduced in 2006 to tie in with the relaunch
of the FilmFour broadcast channel as Film4.
Working Title Films
Working Title Films is a British film production company, based in London
owned by Universal Studios. The company was founded by Tim Bevan and
Sarah Radclyffe in 1983. It produces feature films and several television
productions. Eric Fellner and Bevan are now the co-chairs of the company.
Working Title Films was co-founded by producers Tim Bevan and Sarah
Radclyffe in 1983. In 1992, PolyGram became the company's corporate
backer. Radclyffe left Working Title, and Eric Fellner, a fellow independent
film producer, joined the company.The company produced a variety of films
for PolyGram's London-based production company PolyGram Filmed
Entertainment. An Anglo-Dutch film studio, PolyGram Films became a
major Hollywood competitor. In 1999, PolyGram was sold to Seagram and
merged with MCA Music Entertainment, to form Universal Music Group.
PolyGram Films was sold and folded into Universal Studios in 1999.
The Incorporated Television Company (ITC, or ITC Entertainment as it was
referred to in the US) was a British television company involved in
production and distribution.ITC was founded by television mogul Lew Grade
in 1954 as the Incorporated Television Programme Company. Originally
designed to be a contractor for the UK's new ITV, the company failed to win
a contract when the Independent Television Authority felt that doing so
would give too much control in the entertainment business to the Grade
family's companies (which included large talent agencies and theatre
interests) although the ITA said that ITPC were free to make their own
programmes which they could sell to the new network companies.
Bollywood is the informal term popularly used for the Hindilanguage film industry based in Mumbai (Bombay),
Maharashtra, India. The term is often incorrectly used to refer
to the whole of Indian cinema; however, it is only a part of
the total Indian film industry, which includes other
production centres producing films in multiple languages.
Bollywood is the largest film producer in India and one of the
largest centres of film production in the world.
Bollywood is also formally referred to as Hindi cinema.There
has been a growing presence of Indian English in dialogue
and songs as well. It is common to see films that feature
dialogue with English words (also known as Hinglish),
phrases, or even whole sentences.
Yash Raj Films
Red Chillies Entertainment
UTV Motion Pictures
Yash Raj Films
• Yash Raj Films (YRF) is an Indian entertainment company established by
Yash Chopra, an Indian film director and producer who was considered
an entertainment mogul in India.His son Aditya Chopra also produces
films under this banner. Initially, Chopra worked for his brother, B.R.
Chopra's, production company (B.R. Films). He set up his own company
in the year 1976.Since the 1980s, it has produced many hits in India and
the overseas market.
Red Chillies Entertainment
Red Chillies Entertainment (RCE) is an Indian motion picture production and
distribution company, based in Mumbai. The company was founded in 2002
by Bollywood actor Shahrukh Khan and his wife Gauri Khan. It was
transformed from the now defunct Dreamz Unlimited.
The company has five sub divisions: apart from film production, RCE has a
visual effects studio known as Red Chillies VFX, a studio for TV commercials
known as Red Chillies TVC, a Television programs production division under
the name of Red Chillies Idiot Box and an equipment Leasing division. The
company also has a little over 50% stake in the Indian Premier League
cricket team Kolkata Knight Riders.
Sanjiv Chawla is the Executive Producer of the company, while Gauri Khan
serves as a producer. In February 2013, Venky Mysore, the CEO of Kolkata
Knight Riders took over additional responsibility as CEO of Red Chillies
Entertainment as well. Red Chillies Entertainment was ranked as the third,
fifth and seventh most powerful production house in Bollywood in 2007,
2008 and 2009 respectively.
PVR Pictures is the film production and distribution arm of PVR
Group. PVR Pictures film production début came in 2007 with 'Taare
Zameen Par' & 'Jaane Tu Ya Jaane Na'. It has distributed over 200
Hollywood films, including ‘The Aviator’, ‘Mission: Impossible III’, ‘Kill
Bill’ ‘The Hurt Locker’, ‘The Twilight Saga’ and ‘Chicago’; over 100
Bollywood films, including blockbusters such as ‘Ghajini’, ‘Golmaal
Returns’, ‘All The Best’, ‘Don', ‘Sarkar Raj’, ‘Omkara’ and nearly 25
Regional films since its inception.In October 2012 the company
acquired the Indian distribution rights for the film adaption of
Salman Rushdie's Booker Prize winning novel Midnight's Children.
Its President is currently Kamal Gianchandani, and its current
promoters are Ajay Bijli and Sanjeev K Bijli. Ajay Bijli is the Chairman
& Managing Director of PVR Ltd while Sanjeev K. Bijli is the Joint
Managing Director of PVR Ltd.
UTV Motion Pictures
UTV Motion Pictures is a film unit of Disney-UTV, a subsidiary of The Walt
UTV Motion Pictures have formed one of the leading film studios in India.
The Studio’s activities span across creative development, production,
marketing, distribution, licensing, merchandising and syndication of films in
India and worldwide.
UTV Motion Pictures as a dominant player in the Indian film industry has
been in the forefront of bringing Indian films to a global audience and the
last decade in Indian cinema has seen UTV Motion Pictures delivering some
of the most iconic films. UTV Motion Pictures' films have also been selected to
represent India at the Academy awards; films were Rang De Basanti (2006),
Harishchandrachi Factory (2009) Peepli Live (2010) and Barfi! (2012). In
2011, UTV Motion Pictures also became one of the few studios to successfully
venture into South Indian cinema. UTV Motion Pictures has a library of over
70 films including Hindi, Regional, Animation and International Productions,
which have been showcased in over 50 festivals across 28 countries, receiving
almost 250 awards in the last 7 years.
Eros International is an Indian motion picture production and distribution
company, based in Mumbai. The company was founded by Arjan Lulla in
1977. It is a leading global company in the Indian film entertainment
industry. Eros co-produces, acquires and distributes Indian language films in
multiple formats worldwide, including theatrical, television syndication and
The group distribution network of over 50 countries, with offices in India, UK,
USA, Dubai, Australia, Fiji and Isle of Man. Eros has over 1,900 films in its
library, plus an additional 700 films for which the group hold digital rights
In 2006, Eros International Plc, the holding company of the Eros Group,
became the first Indian media company to list on the Alternative Investment
Market (AIM) of the London Stock Exchange.
In 2010, Eros listed its Indian subsidiary Eros International Media Limited on
the Bombay Stock Exchange ('BSE') and National Stock Exchange ('NSE') in