Establishing	  Minneapolis	  as	  Na1onal	    Leader	  in	  Ac1ve	  Transporta1on:	              Solidifying	  Progress,	 ...
PresentaAon	  Overview	  •  How	  Minneapolis	  Became	  Minneapolis:	     Changing	  Culture,	  Changing	  ExpectaAons	  ...
SEC.	  1807.	  NONMOTORIZED	             TRANSPORTATION	  PILOT	  PROGRAM	  (a)  ESTABLISHMENT.-­‐-­‐The	  Secretary	  sha...
Current	  PoliAcal	  Background	  on	  NTPP:	  Jan.	  31	  
Bike/Walk	  Twin	  Ci1es	                        The	  Program	  Principles	  of	  TLC	  Bike/Walk	  Approach	     • Innov...
Major	  Program	  Themes	  	   1.	  Maximizing	  roadway	  for	        all	  users	   •  Short	  trips	   •  Yea...
Bike	  Walk	  Twin	  Ci1es	  Engage	  Stakeholders	  
Bike	  Walk	  Twin	  Ci1es	                                     Process	  Round	  1	  Planning,	  OperaAons,	  Infrastruct...
Minneapolis	  Bicycle	  Infrastructure	                                           	  	                                    ...
Key	  Projects:	  Network	  ConnecAons	  Before	                                    Como	  Ave	  Saint	  Paul	  	         ...
Bike/Walk	  Twin	  Ci1es	                             Strategic	  Planning	  Snapshot	  Minneapolis	  	  Awards	  for	  8	...
Key	  Projects:	  Outreach,	  Awareness	  	  •  CollaboraAon:	  Bike	  Walk	  Week	  	  •  Maximizing	  capital	     inves...
Bike/Walk	  Twin	  Ci1es	                  Innova1on	  Bring	  in	  experts	  to	  host	  workshops	     • Introduce	  new...
Key	  Projects:	  InnovaAon,	  Access	                              Radio	  Frequency	  ID	  system	  	                   ...
Accomplishments	  to	  Date:	  	                  the	  Pilot	  at	  Work	  	  	  •  70	  miles	  of	  new	  faciliAes	  •...
Accomplishments	  to	  Date:	  	  NaAonal	  Accolades	  for	  Minneapolis	       •  #1	  bicycling	  city	  by	  Bicycling...
Bike	  Walk	  Twin	  Ci1es	                          Measurement	  EvaluaAon	  plan	     • Data	  collecAon	  and	  analys...
Count	  data:	  	  Significant	  Increases	  in	                          Walking	  and	  Bicycling	  	  	  	  •  Largest	 ...
Bike/Walk	  Twin	  Ci1es	                                     Program	  Results	  Infrastructure	  improvements:	       • ...
The	  Work	  ConAnues	  	  	  	  	  	  PromoAng	  new	  faciliAes	  	  	  	  	  CollaboraAng	  with	  partners	           ...
Recap:	  BWTC	  Program	       Approach	  1.	  Maximizing	  roadway	  for	       all	  users	  •  Short	  trips	...
Pushing	  for	  Change	  Leads	  to	  More	          Successful	  Policies	  	  
Culture	  Marers:	  Changing	  Policy,	  Changing	           Culture,	  Changing	  ExpectaAons	  	  •  Policy:	  what	  an...
Minneapolis	  Case:	  Changing	  Policy,	  Changing	         Culture,	  Changing	  ExpectaAons	  	  •  Minneapolis	  in	  ...
Example:	  Organizing	     Around	  Midtown	  Greenway	  for	  Economic	  RevitalizaAon	  and	  AcAve	       TransportaAon...
Midtown	  Greenway	                       5.5	  Miles:	  Links	  lakes	  and	                       Mississippi	  River	  ...
Development	  and	  Well-­‐Designed	                  “Walkable	                       Redevelopment	  Trail	  Amenity	   ...
Trail-­‐Oriented	  Development:	  Linking	  Land	   Use	  Planning	  and	  AcAve	  TransportaAon	  
“Amenity	  Value”	  of	  Greenway	  Lures	               Development	                                            Midtown	 ...
Development	  Intensity:	  Typologies	        of	  “Desired	  Density”	                                                   ...
Midtown	  Greenway	  Video	  Interlude	   hrp:// minneapolis-­‐midtown-­‐greenway-­‐ good-­‐for-­‐biz-­...
Changing	  the	  Culture:	  Building	  the	            FoundaAon	  for	  Success	  •  Contracted	  by	  TLC	  to	  conduct...
Overarching	  Themes	  
InnovaAon:	  What	  	  an	  AT	  Leader	  Does	  	          Innova1ve	  Ac1ve	  Transporta1on	                       Minne...
Bicycle	  Boulevards	                              Linked	  Trail	  Network	  
Colored	  Lanes/	  Sharrows	  
Trail-­‐Oriented	  Development	  
Bikeshare:	  NiceRide	    Thee/Vandalism	  Small	  Problem:	    Infamous	  “Glirer	  Bike”	  
High	  Quality	                             Pedestrian	                              Districts	  ConnecAons:	  Bike/Ped	  ...
Bike	  Box	  and	  Road	  Diet	                                           Cycle	  Track	  
Programming	                                                  Ambassadors	  Community	  Bike	  Library	                   ...
Funding:	  How	  Much	  Does	  it	  Take	                      and	  Where	  Does	  it	  Come	  From	  Small	  Shie	  in	 ...
3	  Key	  Tensions	  	  in	  Culture	  Change	  	  Process	  in	  Minneapolis	  1.  Tension	  between	  innovaAon	        ...
Culture	  Change	  from	  the	  Inside	  	  “Push”	  Agency	  5:	  “We’re	  not	  big	  on	  taking	  risks,	  we	  need	 ...
AcAon	  ImplicaAons	  for	  Texas	  •  Need	  to	  decide	  to	  be	  a	  leader	  •  Need	  to	  leverage	  excitement	  ...
Exercise:	                   Innova1ve	  Ac1ve	                                   Transporta1on	                          ...
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Learning from the Nonmotorized Pilot Program - Lessons in Active Transportation Implementation from Minneapolis


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Learning from the Nonmotorized Pilot Program - Lessons in Active Transportation Implementation from Minneapolis

  1. 1. Establishing  Minneapolis  as  Na1onal   Leader  in  Ac1ve  Transporta1on:   Solidifying  Progress,  Moving  Towards   an  Ac1ve  Transporta1on  Culture     With  Assistance   Billy  Fields,  PhD   from  Tony  Hull  Assistant  Professor  Texas  State  University     at  TLC  
  2. 2. PresentaAon  Overview  •  How  Minneapolis  Became  Minneapolis:   Changing  Culture,  Changing  ExpectaAons  •  What  is  culture  change  and  why  is  it   important?  •  Lessons  from  Minneapolis  Case  for  Texas    
  3. 3. SEC.  1807.  NONMOTORIZED   TRANSPORTATION  PILOT  PROGRAM  (a)  ESTABLISHMENT.-­‐-­‐The  Secretary  shall  establish  and  carry  out  a   nonmotorized  transportaAon  pilot  program  to  construct,  in  the   following  4  communiAes  selected  by  the  Secretary,  a  network  of   nonmotorized  transportaAon  infrastructure  faciliAes,  including   sidewalks,  bicycle  lanes,  and  pedestrian  and  bicycle  trails,  that   connect  directly  with  transit  staAons,  schools,  residences,   businesses,  recreaAon  areas,  and  other  community  acAvity  centers:                  (1)  Columbia,  Missouri.                (2)  Marin  County,  California.                (3)  Minneapolis-­‐St.  Paul,  Minnesota.                (4)  Sheboygan  County,  Wisconsin.    (b)  PURPOSE.-­‐-­‐The  purpose  of  the  program  shall  be  to  demonstrate  the  extent  to  which  bicycling  and  walking  can  carry  a  significant  part  of  the  transportaAon  load,  and  represent  a  major  porAon  of  the  transportaAon  soluAon,  within  selected  communiAes.  
  4. 4. Current  PoliAcal  Background  on  NTPP:  Jan.  31  
  5. 5. Bike/Walk  Twin  Ci1es   The  Program  Principles  of  TLC  Bike/Walk  Approach   • InnovaAon   • Strategic  planning   • Engaged  stakeholders   • Fair,  transparent  process   • Quality  measurement   • InsAtuAonalized  change    
  6. 6. Major  Program  Themes     1.  Maximizing  roadway  for   all  users   •  Short  trips   •  Year  round  serious  transportaAon   •  Key  network  connecAons   2.  regional  legacy   •  Planning   •  Data  collecAon   •  InnovaAon     3.  Building  capacity   •  PoliAcal  leadership   •  TransportaAon  professionals   •  Target  populaAons  
  7. 7. Bike  Walk  Twin  Ci1es  Engage  Stakeholders  
  8. 8. Bike  Walk  Twin  Ci1es   Process  Round  1  Planning,  OperaAons,  Infrastructure    -­‐  2007   • Planning   • OperaAons   • Livable  streets   • Pedestrian  districts/plazas   • Off-­‐road  faciliAes  Round  2  Infrastructure  -­‐  2008   • Livable  streets   • Bike/walk  streets  (Bicycle  boulevards)  Final  round  direct  awards  2009   • InnovaAve  capital  projects   • Previous  proposals,  results  of  planning  studies   • EducaAon  and  outreach  
  9. 9. Minneapolis  Bicycle  Infrastructure       Pre-­‐  BWTC   Fall  2011   %  BWTC  Type  of  Facility   (miles)   (miles)   Increase   Funded  Off-­‐Street  Bicycle  Facili1es   75.4   86.4   15%   1%  Lane  Miles  On-­‐Street  Bicycle  Facili1es   46.1   129.5   181%   72%   Total  Mileage   121.5   215.9   78%   64%  
  10. 10. Key  Projects:  Network  ConnecAons  Before   Como  Ave  Saint  Paul     Aeer   Bicyclist  Count   Marshall  Ave   2009  April:    277   2010  April:    297         2011  April:    406     Marshall  Ave  Saint  Paul  
  11. 11. Bike/Walk  Twin  Ci1es   Strategic  Planning  Snapshot  Minneapolis    Awards  for  8  planning  studies   • Central  Avenue  NE     • Hennepin  Avenue     • Central  Corridor  Bicycle  and  Pedestrian  Plan     • Richfield  Arterials     • Xenia  Ave/Park  Place  Blvd.  Corridor     • Douglas  Drive  Corridor  &  ConnecAon  to  Luce   Line     • Minneapolis  Pedestrian  Master  Plan     • Metro  Transit  Bike/Ped  Improvements  Study    Outreach  Program   • Bike/Walk  Ambassadors  
  12. 12. Key  Projects:  Outreach,  Awareness    •  CollaboraAon:  Bike  Walk  Week    •  Maximizing  capital   investments:  Upcoming   awareness  campaign  •  Grassroots  outreach:  Bike  Walk   Ambassadors  •  Neighborhood  intensive:  Smart   Usando  la  Bicicleta  y     Caminando  más   Trips  individualized  markeAng  •  Nice  Ride:  constant,  high  profile   exposure  of  bicycling    
  13. 13. Bike/Walk  Twin  Ci1es   Innova1on  Bring  in  experts  to  host  workshops   • Introduce  new  concepts   • Expose  tradiAonal  myths   • Generate  excitement  for  new  approaches   • Build  capacity  for  insAtuAonal  changes  
  14. 14. Key  Projects:  InnovaAon,  Access   Radio  Frequency  ID  system     installed  at  U  of  M   Community  Partners  Bike  Library    
  15. 15. Accomplishments  to  Date:     the  Pilot  at  Work      •  70  miles  of  new  faciliAes  •  doubling  Minneapolis  on-­‐street   bikeways    •  100,000  +  Nice  Ride  trips  in   Hiawatha  Trail  extension   iniAal  parAal  year     construcAon    •  3,200  new  bike  parking  spaces    •  from  7  to  70+  cerAfied  bicycle   instructors    •  6  planning  studies  completed;   legacy  planning  studies   Bicycle  lee  turn  lane  at   Minnehaha  and  20th  St.  S   underway   Minneapolis    
  16. 16. Accomplishments  to  Date:    NaAonal  Accolades  for  Minneapolis   •  #1  bicycling  city  by  Bicycling  Mag  2010   •  Gold  level  bicycling  community,  League  of   American  Bicyclists  •  Nat  Geographic  10  best  summer  desAnaAons   2011  
  17. 17. Bike  Walk  Twin  Ci1es   Measurement  EvaluaAon  plan   • Data  collecAon  and  analysis   • Before  &  Aeer  survey   • Bike  &  pedestrian  counts   • Community  wide   measurement   • Project  specific   measurement   • Public  health  component  
  18. 18. Count  data:    Significant  Increases  in   Walking  and  Bicycling        •  Largest  insAtuAonalized   count  program  •  From  2007  to  2010   traffic  counts  at  42   RiverLake  Greenway   locaAons  •  Number  of  bicyclists:      33%  increase    •  Number  of  pedestrians:    17%  increase    
  19. 19. Bike/Walk  Twin  Ci1es   Program  Results  Infrastructure  improvements:   • 75  miles  of  new  bike  lanes   • New  bike  parking     • Up  to  3  miles  of  new  off-­‐street  faciliAes  mostly  filling  in  exisAng  gaps     • Dozens  of  improvements  at  major  crossings  for  pedestrians  and   cyclists.  Innova1ons  that  have  never  been  done  in  the  Twin  Ci1es:   • Bike  Walk  Streets  (aka  bike  boulevards)   • 4-­‐3  lane  conversions  and  other  “road  diets”  to  allow  for  bike  lanes   • Advance  boxes  and  special  bike  signals   • Cycle-­‐track  (1st  Avenue)   • Bike  donaAon/bike-­‐sharing  program  Goals  for  ins1tu1onal  changes:   • Revised  state  aid  standards   • Complete  Streets  Policy   • New  arenAon  to  bike/ped  issues  
  20. 20. The  Work  ConAnues            PromoAng  new  faciliAes          CollaboraAng  with  partners   including  other  federal   iniAaAves:  CPPW,  Na(onal   Park  Services  Alterna(ve   NPS  MulA-­‐modal  planning  team     Transporta(on  Plan          Building  out  the  network          Enhancing  connecAons  to   transit          Reaping  economic  benefits   of  bike/ped  investments     Rendering  of  proposed  Twin   City  Greenway    
  21. 21. Recap:  BWTC  Program   Approach  1.  Maximizing  roadway  for   all  users  •  Short  trips  •  Year  round  serious  transportaAon  •  Key  network  connecAons  2.  regional  legacy  •  Planning  •  Data  collecAon  •  InnovaAon    3.  Building  capacity  •  PoliAcal  leadership  •  TransportaAon  professionals  •  Target  populaAons  
  22. 22. Pushing  for  Change  Leads  to  More   Successful  Policies    
  23. 23. Culture  Marers:  Changing  Policy,  Changing   Culture,  Changing  ExpectaAons    •  Policy:  what  an  agency  decides  to  do  or  not  do   about  a  public  problem  •  What  get’s  done  or  not  done  =  policy  +  culture    •  Culture  change  =  changing  basic  parern  of   “autudes,  beliefs,  and  values  that  underlie  the   organizaAon’s  operaAon”  (Denhardt  and   Denhardt  2009,  p.  178)    •  Complete  streets  culture  change  =  moving   agencies  towards  rouAne  accommodaAon  of  all   users    
  24. 24. Minneapolis  Case:  Changing  Policy,  Changing   Culture,  Changing  ExpectaAons    •  Minneapolis  in  2000  had  a  bicycling  mode  share  of   1.8%  •  In  2009,  Minneapolis  had  nearly  doubled  share  to   3.5%;  Overall  bike/ped  commute  mode  share  of   10.5%  •  Minneapolis  began  a  process  of  culture  change   within  organizaAons  •  Major  focus  for  organizing  was  Pilot  Program,   complete  streets  policy,  and  projects  like  Midtown   Greenway  and  bikeshare    
  25. 25. Example:  Organizing   Around  Midtown  Greenway  for  Economic  RevitalizaAon  and  AcAve   TransportaAon  
  26. 26. Midtown  Greenway   5.5  Miles:  Links  lakes  and   Mississippi  River   • 560,000  users  per  year   in  2008  (25%  Increase)   • Spurred  redevelopment   adjacent  to  Greenway  
  27. 27. Development  and  Well-­‐Designed   “Walkable   Redevelopment  Trail  Amenity   Urbanism”     OpportuniAes  (Crompton   +   Land  Use  Policy   +   (Shilling  and  2001)   (Leinberger  2007)   Logan  2008)   Trail-­‐Oriented  Development  
  28. 28. Trail-­‐Oriented  Development:  Linking  Land   Use  Planning  and  AcAve  TransportaAon  
  29. 29. “Amenity  Value”  of  Greenway  Lures   Development   Midtown  Exchange  
  30. 30. Development  Intensity:  Typologies   of  “Desired  Density”   Neighborhood   Urban-­‐Oriented  
  31. 31. Midtown  Greenway  Video  Interlude   hrp:// minneapolis-­‐midtown-­‐greenway-­‐ good-­‐for-­‐biz-­‐good-­‐for-­‐bikes/  
  32. 32. Changing  the  Culture:  Building  the   FoundaAon  for  Success  •  Contracted  by  TLC  to  conduct  stakeholder  interviews  •  4  open-­‐ended,  evaluaAon  quesAons:  1.  What  are  the  opportuniAes  and  barriers  to  creaAng  a  full  network  of  bicycling  and  walking  faciliAes  and  programming?    2.  In  what  areas  has  BWTC  helped  to  insAtuAonalize  acAve  transportaAon  policy,  procedure  or  programming?    3.  What  are  the  consideraAons  of  a  non-­‐profit  serving  as  the  lead  administrator  of  BWTC?    4.  What  have  been  the  long-­‐term  changes  for  the  Minneapolis-­‐Saint  Paul  area  iniAated  through  the  BWTC?    
  33. 33. Overarching  Themes  
  34. 34. InnovaAon:  What    an  AT  Leader  Does     Innova1ve  Ac1ve  Transporta1on   Minnea Formalized   Policy:   Your  City   Formalized     Treatments     polis   Minneapolis   Policy?   1.    Use  of  lane  width  reduc1ons  (road     diets)   Yes     Yes   ??   ??   2.  Use  of  bicycle  boulevards     Yes     Yes   ??   ??     3.  Use  of  pedestrian  countdown  signals   Yes     Yes   ??   ??   4.  Use  of  con1nental  crosswalks   Yes     Yes   ??   ??     5.  Use  of  bike  lanes   Yes     Yes   ??   ??   6.  Use  of  sharrows   ??   ??     7.  Use  of  cycle  tracks   Yes     Yes     Yes   Yes   ??   ??     8.  Use  of  trail  connec1ons   9.  Use  of  bike  boxes   Yes     Yes     Yes   Yes   ??   ??   ??   ??     10.  Use  of  colored  pavement  markings   11.  Use  of  bike  sharing  system   Yes     Yes     Yes   Yes   ??   ??   ??   ??     12.  Use  of  bicycle  centers   13.  Use  of  bicycle  racks  on  buses   Yes     Yes     Yes   Yes   ??   ??   ??   ??     14.  Use  of  secure  bicycle  parking   Yes     Yes   ??   ??   15.  Use  of  traffic  calming  devices   Yes     Yes   ??   ??     16.  Use  of  ac1ve  transporta1on   ??   ??   sensi1ve  signals   Yes     Yes     17.  Use  of  medians  for  crosswalks   Yes     Yes   ??   ??  
  35. 35. Bicycle  Boulevards   Linked  Trail  Network  
  36. 36. Colored  Lanes/  Sharrows  
  37. 37. Trail-­‐Oriented  Development  
  38. 38. Bikeshare:  NiceRide   Thee/Vandalism  Small  Problem:   Infamous  “Glirer  Bike”  
  39. 39. High  Quality   Pedestrian   Districts  ConnecAons:  Bike/Ped  Bridges  
  40. 40. Bike  Box  and  Road  Diet   Cycle  Track  
  41. 41. Programming   Ambassadors  Community  Bike  Library   NaAonal  Expert  
  42. 42. Funding:  How  Much  Does  it  Take   and  Where  Does  it  Come  From  Small  Shie  in  PrioriAes=  Big  Results   Funding  in   Dollars  (2005   Percentage  of  Area   to  2011)   Funding  Minneapolis  Ac1ve   $66  million  of  Transporta1on  Funding   $1.6  billion     4%  Na1onal   N/A   1.50%   Relied  Mostly  on  Non-­‐NTPP  Funding  Sources   Funding  in   Ac1ve  Transporta1on   Dollars  (2005  to  Percentage  of   Funding  Type   2011)   Funding   Minneapolis  NTPP  Funding   $21  million     32%   Minneapolis  Total  Ac1ve   Transporta1on  Funding   $44.8  million   68%   Minneapolis  Ac1ve  Source:  FMIS  2011   Transporta1on  Funding   $66  million     100%  
  43. 43. 3  Key  Tensions    in  Culture  Change    Process  in  Minneapolis  1.  Tension  between  innovaAon   and  risk  avoidance  in  the   transportaAon  engineering  2.  Tension  between  an  outside   non-­‐profit  agency/   advocates  and  DPW  3.   Tension  between  internal                  culture  change  within  an                organizaAon  and  the  wider              acceptance  of  change  with              the  public  at  large  
  44. 44. Culture  Change  from  the  Inside    “Push”  Agency  5:  “We’re  not  big  on  taking  risks,  we  need  to  be  pushed”…  “it’s  not  a  negaAve  push”…  "we  need  to  have  our  thought  process  challenged”       “PoliAcal  Challenge”   Agency  2:  changing  culture=  “changing   insAtuAonal  focus  of  the  City”...  “retrofiung   city  for  bicycling  is  a  design  challenge  and   poliAcal  challenge”      “Default  PosiAon”  Elected  Official  2:  “transiAon  period  in  terms  of  the  definiAon  of  what  type  of  bike  and  ped  access  we  provide…the  bike  plans  of  the  last  generaAon  idenAfied  key  corridors  and  put  in  bike  paths…the  evoluAon  in  the  last  decade  and  in  this  program  is  that  the  default  posiAon  is  that  there  are  bike   “How  do  we  live  together”  faciliAes  on  every  street  unless  there’s  a   Professional  2:  "Story  now  not  ‘should  we  compelling  reason..”…  "we’re  in  the  middle   have  bikes’,  but  how  should  we  put  in  bike  of  that  transiAon"       faciliAes”  and  “how  do  we  live  together…  this   is  the  culture  change”      
  45. 45. AcAon  ImplicaAons  for  Texas  •  Need  to  decide  to  be  a  leader  •  Need  to  leverage  excitement  from  mulAple   projects/programs  in  your  city  •   Need  to  build  a  construcAve  culture  change   process  within  agencies:  “Managing  the  push”  •  Need  to  celebrate  victories  to  leverage  success   into  long-­‐term  policy  change    
  46. 46. QuesAons/Discussion  
  47. 47. Exercise:   Innova1ve  Ac1ve   Transporta1on   Treatments     Used   Currently   Prior  to   Used  in  Twin  Used  in   BWTC   Ci1es   Your   Opportuni1es  to     What  will  it   Bike  Sharing  System    No    Yes   City?   Encourage  Use?          take  in  your   Colorized  and  priority   bike  lanes    No    Yes  community?   Buffered  bike  lanes    No    Yes                   Road  diets    No    Yes           Off-­‐street  facili1es    Yes    Yes           Bike/walk  centers  and   trail-­‐oriented    No    Yes   development           Ubiquitous  bike  parking    No    Yes           Bicycle  boulevards    No    Yes           Improved  crossings    No    Yes           Advisory  bike  lanes    No    Yes