Bahrain

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Bahrain

  1. 1. Bahrain By Bashar Al Ali History 9
  2. 2. History <ul><li>Before Bahrain was an Arab Muslim country, it was ruled and influenced by the Babylonians, Assyrians, Greeks and Persians. </li></ul><ul><li>In 629AD (4 years before Prophet Muhammad’s death), Bahrain was brought into Islam. </li></ul><ul><li>In 1743, Persian king Afsharid seized Bahrain after a struggle with the Portugese. </li></ul><ul><li>The al-Khalifa family conquered Bahrain from the Persians in the late eighteenth century. </li></ul>
  3. 3. History <ul><li>In 1932, the British discovered oil in Bahrain while they were inspecting the island. </li></ul><ul><li>The British retreated from Bahrain in 1971, which made it an independent country. </li></ul><ul><li>Women were given the right to vote and all political leaders were released from prison after Hamad Ibn Isa Al-Khalifah succeeded his father in 1999. </li></ul><ul><li>Became a Kingdom or a state/emirate in 2002 </li></ul>
  4. 4. Geography <ul><li>Bahrain is a small island positioned in the Persian Gulf between Qatar and Saudi Arabia. </li></ul><ul><li>The normal climate and temperature is sunny, warm, and humid. </li></ul><ul><li>The area of the country is 676 square km. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Demographics <ul><li>The population is around 604,000 people. </li></ul><ul><li>80% of the population is Muslim, 10% Christian, and 10% other. (2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Approximately 70% Shia and 30% Sunni. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Culture <ul><li>Football, falconry, horse riding, gazelle or hair hunting, and racing are practiced by Bahrainis for entertainment. </li></ul><ul><li>Pottery and weaving are still used, and come from old traditional influences outside Bahrain. </li></ul><ul><li>Bahrainis enjoy ceremonial dances, poetry, music (Oud, flat drums), or story telling. </li></ul>
  7. 7. Culture <ul><li>Many Bahrainis are experienced at fishing, pearl diving, or at jewel crafting. </li></ul><ul><li>The major traditional food in Bahrain is served with meat, fish, rice, or dates. </li></ul><ul><li>Bahrainis celebrate holidays such as the Arabian New Year (since the day of the Hijra), Eid-al-fitr (end of Ramadan)/ eid-al-adha. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Other <ul><li>Currency is in Dinars, and 1 Dinar equals about 10 Dhs. </li></ul><ul><li>The name “Bahrain” means 2 Seas in Arabic, it was named the 2 Seas because there was a salty source of water, and another source that was a clear spring water. </li></ul>

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