Magna Carta 1215<br />By: Brandon Clarke<br />
Overview<br />Originally created in 1215 because of disagreements between Pope Innocent III, King John, and English barons...
Events Leading to the Magna Carta<br />King John (leader of England), lost much land and respect from French Barons.<br />...
Events Leading to the Magna Carta<br />Problems with the Church<br />In the debate of how to choose a Archbishop of Canter...
Events Leading to the Magna Carta<br />Taxes<br />During this time the government needed money, since mercenary soldiers c...
Events leading to the Magna Carta<br />Rebellion<br />Getting frustrated with listening to King John during the time, they...
John of England signs Magna Carta<br />
The Magna Carta<br />Originally named “Articles of the Barons” which was reissued a year later, and officially dubbed the ...
Original Magna Carta<br />
What the Magna Carta did?<br />Firstly, the Magna Carta guaranteed the freedom of the English Church.<br />Not to be able ...
Influence on today<br />The Magna Carta gave the basis of how Constitutional Law is today.<br />Has influenced the United ...
1297 copy of the Magna Carta, owned by the Australian Government<br />
Bibliography<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magna_Carta<br />http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/medieval/magframe.htm<br />
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Magna carta 1215

2,430
-1

Published on

law 12

Published in: Education, Spiritual, Technology
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
2,430
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
46
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Magna carta 1215

  1. 1. Magna Carta 1215<br />By: Brandon Clarke<br />
  2. 2. Overview<br />Originally created in 1215 because of disagreements between Pope Innocent III, King John, and English barons about the rights of the king.<br />Been known to be first document that limit the power of the English king by law (based of a document called the Charters of Liberties<br />The Magna Carta has had influence outside of England, especially with the United States Constitution, and Bill of Rights. <br />Basically almost every common law state has been influenced by the Magna Carta. Making it one of the most important legal documents in the history of democracy. <br />The document has been renewed throughout the Middle Ages through the 18th century. By the 19th century most of the clauses have been repealed for English Law.<br />
  3. 3. Events Leading to the Magna Carta<br />King John (leader of England), lost much land and respect from French Barons.<br />A slave to John, his ally Phillip named Arthur to the throne of Anjou.<br />They then invaded John’s French land holdings.<br />To save face John killed Arthur and lost the respect of many of the French Barons.<br />John was defeated by his allies at the Battle of Bouvines where he lost all his northern French territory.<br />
  4. 4. Events Leading to the Magna Carta<br />Problems with the Church<br />In the debate of how to choose a Archbishop of Canterbury, John sent the Bishop of Norwich instead of one of the monks they elected.<br />Pope Innocent III declared this as invalid and had the monks elect Stephen Langton, but King John refused this and exiled monks from the land.<br />He then put a halt on the church to prevent worship in England in 1208. <br />The pope then excommunicated John, and backed Philip to invade England in 1212.<br />John, threatened by the monks gave back their theifdom* by giving them land in England, and Ireland making them pay 1,000 marks annually to do so. This angered the Barons<br />* The fact or practice of thieving<br />
  5. 5. Events Leading to the Magna Carta<br />Taxes<br />During this time the government needed money, since mercenary soldiers cost double in prosperity times.<br />The loss of a great mass of the French lands equals less income, which later resulted in greater taxes.<br />Gave rise to the amount of scutage* to pay eleven times in only seven years.<br />John also imposed the first income tax which was at high sums of 60,000 Euros.<br />*A tax paid in lieu of military service in feudal times.<br />
  6. 6. Events leading to the Magna Carta<br />Rebellion<br />Getting frustrated with listening to King John during the time, they gave up rise.<br />By 1215, many barons of England banded together at London by force on June 10, 1215.<br />Made King John sign a document called the “Articles of the Barons,” which his seal was attached in Runnymede on June 15, 1215.<br />After John signed this document the barons then renewed their oaths to the king.<br />
  7. 7. John of England signs Magna Carta<br />
  8. 8. The Magna Carta<br />Originally named “Articles of the Barons” which was reissued a year later, and officially dubbed the title the Magna Carta.<br />Was written originally in Latin.<br />King John had no plans to honor the Magna Carta, since it was sealed under extortion by force, but clause 61 neutered his power has a monarch.<br />In the centuries following the document it was modified to fit the changing times but the basic clauses are still in the document today.<br />
  9. 9. Original Magna Carta<br />
  10. 10. What the Magna Carta did?<br />Firstly, the Magna Carta guaranteed the freedom of the English Church.<br />Not to be able to over tax the population.<br />King John must be less harsh on the barons.<br />Gave England the basis of a legal system.<br />Promised to have laws that are good and fair.<br />No Freeman would be punished without going through a proper trial.<br />
  11. 11. Influence on today<br />The Magna Carta gave the basis of how Constitutional Law is today.<br />Has influenced the United States greatly which is seen in the United States Constitution and the Bill of Rights.<br />Just about all common law has been affected by the Magna Carta, making it one of the most important legal documents in the history of Democracy.<br />
  12. 12. 1297 copy of the Magna Carta, owned by the Australian Government<br />
  13. 13. Bibliography<br />http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Magna_Carta<br />http://www.yale.edu/lawweb/avalon/medieval/magframe.htm<br />
  1. A particular slide catching your eye?

    Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later.

×