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  • 1. By Eric B
  • 2.  
  • 3.
    • Started as an infinitely dense point- a “singularity”
    • This point expanded quickly to create the early universe, about 15 billion years ago.
    • Fragments shot out to eventually create the galaxies and stars we see today.
    • Today the effects of the big bang can be seen by the way the galaxies constantly move apart. This was first observed by Edwin Hubble.
  • 4.  
  • 5.
    • Starts in a Multiverse, an area with infinite universes.
    • Energy fluctuations starts to create a “Cosmic Foam”
    • Universes can start if there is an even amount of gravity ( negative energy) and matter (positive energy)in the foam.
    • From here, the Big Bang basically takes over and the universe continues to expand.
  • 6.  
  • 7.
    • String Theory is based on one-dimensional strings that vibrate in different tones to give things their feel, look, shape, etc.
    • These string can be “closed” as in a loop, or “open”.
    • The String Theory is a theory of gravity, and a likely candidate for the Theory of Everything, which describes how quantum gravity and everything it the universe works.
  • 8.  
  • 9.
    • The opposite of the Big Bang, the Big crunch is all the matter in the universe crashing back in on itself.
    • Because all the matter is crashing into itself, the heat in the universe will be enormous
    • Finally, everything will be smashed together into an infinitely dense point, a singularity.
  • 10.
    • The universe continues to expand until every thing in it is ripped to shreds, atom by atom, by an unknown “phantom energy”, possibly anti-gravity or dark energy, or even that over time the rate of acceleration increases so much that everything just falls apart.
  • 11.
    • Universe expands for an infinite amount of time.
    • Eventually, after the last stars burn out, there is no more heat in the Universe .
    • This would cause it to drop to absolute zero, the point where it can’t possibly get any colder and nothing can move.
  • 12.
    • There are an infinite number of universes, with possibly different dimensions and laws of physics, in the Multiverse.
    • There is no defined end of the Multiverse because new universes are continually created.