<ul><li>Started as an infinitely dense point- a “singularity” </li></ul><ul><li>This point expanded quickly to create the early universe, about 15 billion years ago. </li></ul><ul><li>Fragments shot out to eventually create the galaxies and stars we see today. </li></ul><ul><li>Today the effects of the big bang can be seen by the way the galaxies constantly move apart. This was first observed by Edwin Hubble. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Starts in a Multiverse, an area with infinite universes. </li></ul><ul><li>Energy fluctuations starts to create a “Cosmic Foam” </li></ul><ul><li>Universes can start if there is an even amount of gravity ( negative energy) and matter (positive energy)in the foam. </li></ul><ul><li>From here, the Big Bang basically takes over and the universe continues to expand. </li></ul>
<ul><li>String Theory is based on one-dimensional strings that vibrate in different tones to give things their feel, look, shape, etc. </li></ul><ul><li>These string can be “closed” as in a loop, or “open”. </li></ul><ul><li>The String Theory is a theory of gravity, and a likely candidate for the Theory of Everything, which describes how quantum gravity and everything it the universe works. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The opposite of the Big Bang, the Big crunch is all the matter in the universe crashing back in on itself. </li></ul><ul><li>Because all the matter is crashing into itself, the heat in the universe will be enormous </li></ul><ul><li>Finally, everything will be smashed together into an infinitely dense point, a singularity. </li></ul>
<ul><li>The universe continues to expand until every thing in it is ripped to shreds, atom by atom, by an unknown “phantom energy”, possibly anti-gravity or dark energy, or even that over time the rate of acceleration increases so much that everything just falls apart. </li></ul>
<ul><li>Universe expands for an infinite amount of time. </li></ul><ul><li>Eventually, after the last stars burn out, there is no more heat in the Universe . </li></ul><ul><li>This would cause it to drop to absolute zero, the point where it can’t possibly get any colder and nothing can move. </li></ul>
<ul><li>There are an infinite number of universes, with possibly different dimensions and laws of physics, in the Multiverse. </li></ul><ul><li>There is no defined end of the Multiverse because new universes are continually created. </li></ul>
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