8 October 2013 1
"In the name of Allah, the most Gracious, most Merciful".
The Scope of Semantics
Presented to: Miss Sunila Aslam
Presented by: Asma Shoukat,Amjad
Rasheed & Anila Manzoor
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Sense & Reference:
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Reference deals with the relationship
between linguistics and non linguistic
Reference is something having physical
Sense deals with the intralinguistic
Sense is something which does not have
any physical existance.
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Both sense and reference are different but
related aspects of semantics
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Reference is the essential element of
Because semantics is the way we relate
our language to the world of experience and
reference does the same.
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Sense too plays an important role in the
study of language.
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Ram + Ewe kinds of
Ram + Ewe Gender
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Some Other kinds of related words
Duck/ Duckling & Pig /Piglet
Show Adult young relation
Father / Son & Uncle / Nephew
Show Family Relation
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Dictionary is concerned only with sense
Ultimate aim of dictionary is to provide
referential meaning via sense.
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Two kinds of Semantics:
One that deals with semantics
The other that deals with meaning
in terms of our experience outside
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Sense, primarily concerned with sentence
According to Bierwisch A semantic
theory must explain such sentences.
His typewriter has bad
My unmarried sister is married
to a bachelor. Contradictory
John is looking for the
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Some Linguists, attempted to limit
semantics to sense relations.
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Katz & Fodor explicitly exclude reference
from the settings of sentences
Not Possible to distinguish between
SENSE & REFERENCE
Categories of our language
correspond to real world distinctions.
Whether language determines the
shape of the world or vice versa is a
“chicken and egg” problem.
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