Comparison of Trash Bag 6% PAPER 2% GLASS 12% BIN, packaging 60% ORGANICS BIN, packaging 2% GLASS 6% PAPER 24% ORGANICS 18% 20% OTHERS others 50% BOLIVIA SWITZERLAND Solid waste: 5.340.020 tons per year Rate: 2,0 kg per capita and day Solid waste: 1.270.800 tons per year Rate: 0,4 kg per capita and day
Potential for recycling in Bolivia Inorganic waste 20% Organic waste 60% Not reusable waste 20% Recycling industry Compost or biogas Landfill 80% of solid waste could be reused in Bolivia! 20% OTHERS 2% METALS 60% ORGANICS 6% PAPER 2% GLASS 10% PLASTICS
Energetic potential (biogas production from organic waste) in Bolivia: 20 million gas containers per year (2 for each inhabitant) Environmental potential in Bolivia: 80% less solid waste in landfills = less transport & treatment costs, less pollution, less greenhouse gases
Access to natural resources Aluminum Glass Plastics (PET) Aluminum recycling saves up to 95% of energy in comparison to the new production. There is NO abrasion of the material ! Glass is glass - one can melt it without abrasion! This way it is possible to save more than 25% of energy compared to new production. The production of new bottles of recycled material needs 50% less energy than the production with raw material. This saves crude oil .
4 biggest cities of Bolivia => 40% of the population in Bolivia
Average of 2’000 residents per Ecocommunity => 800.000 residents
The project aims to establish and strengthen systems for solid waste collection, treatment, recycling and environmental services through a systemic intervention in urban areas of Bolivia, especially in neighbor-hoods
Most important actors are the CITIZENS as waste producer!
Municipal authorities as the responsible institution for solid waste management
Waste pickers for collection and treatment/recovery
SME s for waste treatment
Local and regional recycling industry
Results of the first 2 years (2009 – 2010) Involved “Eco-Communities” 85 Reached households through awareness building 75’000 375‘000 individuals Number of involved waste pickers 135 Number of involved SMEs 46 Collected material (recyclable and organic waste) The project could reduce about 3250 tons of CO 2 -equivalents in 2010 10’000 tons Contribution of involved cities USD 250’000 Created Jobs 200
Separate collection system on urban district level