Simon Bibby Tech Day

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  • Rite of passage?
  • Rite of passage?
  • What do they do? Most mailing is from cell phone Write blog: from cell phone. Mixi etc Read blogs from cell phone
  • Population
  • Population
  • Simon Bibby Tech Day

    1. 1. PCs v cell phones: student perspectives Osaka JALT Tech Day 06/2011 Simon Bibby [email_address]
    2. 2. Contents Simon Bibby Purpose: Students & PCs / cell phones 1 Results for the three research questions 2 Implications: Mobile Learning / MALL 3 Questions and Discussion 4
    3. 3. Purpose: Students & PCs / cell phones 1
    4. 4. Where? Osaka Shoin Women’s   University When? 02/2009 How? Survey: self report questionnaires. In Japanese. Number? 101 participants Results for the three research questions 2
    5. 5. <ul><li>Student proficiency </li></ul><ul><li>What do students do on each of the two tools? </li></ul><ul><li>Student preferences </li></ul>Three research areas: Results for the three research questions 2
    6. 6. Results (1) Student proficiency Results for the three research questions 2
    7. 7. Results (1) Proficiency Cell phones: 4.81 mean PCs: 2.82 mean ‘ I am an expert user’ Likert scale 1-7 1 = strongly disagree…7 = strongly agree 98 valid responses Results for the three research questions 2
    8. 8. Results (1) Proficiency Cell phones: Mean 13.05, Mode 14 PCs: Mean 10.65, Mode 11 Age of first use Results for the three research questions 2
    9. 9. Results (2) Tool use Students cell-phone heavy for majority of interactions: mailing, uni mail, SNS, blog (writing and reading) High level of SNS activity (Pilot: heavily Mixi, not followed up in main research) See data: Results for the three research questions 2
    10. 10. Results (2) Tool use Results for the three research questions 2
    11. 11. Results (3) Preferences: which? <ul><li>Choice for internet access </li></ul><ul><li>Cell phone: around 60% </li></ul><ul><li>PC: around 40% </li></ul>Results for the three research questions 2
    12. 12. Results (3) Preferences: time <ul><li>Time spent </li></ul><ul><li>Cell phone: 60% </li></ul><ul><li>PC: 40% </li></ul>Results for the three research questions 2
    13. 13. Results (3) Preferences: keeping If you had the choice of only one, which would you prefer to keep? Cell phone: 92 PC: 9 Results for the three research questions 2
    14. 14. Results (3) Preferences: homework Homework: using paper and textbook, PC or cell phone? Cell phone: 67 Cell phone and PC: 2 PC: 25 Paper and textbook 7 Results for the three research questions 2
    15. 15. Results (3) Homework: explaining Why? PC preference Screen size “ PC screen is easier to see” Input device “ I can see what I am doing on the screen more easily and there is a keyboard” Results for the three research questions 2
    16. 16. Results (3) Homework: explaining Cell phone preference “ Always have it, can do on the way to university, it is convenient” “ I can do any time. Fun!” “ Easier to use/handle” “ I always have my cell phone with me” “ There are only some places to use the PC which is annoying. With a cell phone I can do it anywhere” Results for the three research questions 2
    17. 17. Results (3) Homework: explaining Cell phone preference: don’t like PCs 1. Takes time to open up and start: ‘I want it and I want it now’ 2. Too big, too heavy. Not really portable. Cannot use on train. 3. Lack of connection. Many had no internet connection at home / in dormitory Results for the three research questions 2
    18. 18. Results (3) Homework: explaining Paper and textbook preference: it’s not in the ether, it’s here <ul><li>“ It has no form, so I forget” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Cell phones and PCs cause me anxiety/ they cause me stress” </li></ul>Results for the three research questions 2
    19. 19. More students own cell phones than own PCs Ss like using cell phones for admin purposes Push media (cell phones) more effective than pull media (w/sites) (Thornton and Houser, 2004) Motivation levels increase On task for longer (Savill-Smith, Attewell and Stead, 2004) What the older lit says: positives Implications: Mobile Learning / MALL 3
    20. 20. <ul><li>Amend learning materials for the different medium: ‘chunked’ </li></ul><ul><li>Small screen size was found to be prohibitive </li></ul><ul><li>(Brown, 2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Learners type more slowly using keypads than keyboards (Kiernan and Aizawa, 2004) </li></ul><ul><li>Audio quality is poor (Thornton and Houser, 2004) </li></ul>What the older lit says: challenges Implications: Mobile Learning / MALL 3
    21. 21. Now… Implications: Mobile Learning / MALL 3
    22. 22. <ul><li>Institutions </li></ul><ul><li>? Ownership of devices: forgetting, losing </li></ul><ul><li>? Storage </li></ul><ul><li>? Feedback </li></ul><ul><li>? Learning spaces/places </li></ul><ul><li>+ ‘At the forefront of pedagogical practice’ </li></ul><ul><li>+ Enable partnerships with other institutions </li></ul><ul><li>+ Staff professional development </li></ul>Implications: Mobile Learning / MALL 3
    23. 23. <ul><li>Teaching staff and students </li></ul><ul><li>? Less teacher-centred </li></ul><ul><li>? Devolved responsibility </li></ul><ul><li>? Depends on subject, task </li></ul><ul><li>? Teacher pedagogical   preferences,   experience </li></ul><ul><li>?   Infringement/intrusion - student space </li></ul><ul><li>? Physical and cognitive ‘size’: chunked </li></ul>Implications: Mobile Learning / MALL 3
    24. 24. Teaching staff and students  ( cont.) <ul><li>+ Increased autonomy </li></ul><ul><li>+ Expand boundaries </li></ul><ul><li>+ Increased student interest, engagement hence… </li></ul><ul><li>+ Greater motivation </li></ul>Implications: Mobile Learning / MALL 3
    25. 25. <ul><li>? </li></ul>Questions and Discussion 4
    26. 26. Simon Bibby [email_address] Thank you for attending

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