Law, Grace & Citizenship

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Law, Grace & Citizenship

  1. 1. Law, Grace & Citizenship North Stonington Bible Church 1-3 Sept 2012
  2. 2. SECULAR LEGAL HOSTILITY TO BIBLICAL FAITH“This essay explores the choice many traditionalist Christianparents (both fundamentalist and evangelical) make to leavepublic schools in order to teach their children at home, thus inmost instances escaping meaningful oversight. . . .Society need notand should not tolerate the inculcation of absolutist views thatundermine toleration of difference. . . .If a parent subscribes to anabsolutist belief system premised on the notion that it was handeddown by a creator, that it (like the Ten Commandments) is etchedin stone and that all other systems are wrong, the essential lessonsof a civic education. . .often seem deeply challenging and suspect. .. .Such ‘private truths’ have no place in the public arena, includingthe public schools.”Catherine Ross, “Fundamentalist Challenges to Core Democratic Values: Exit andHomeschooling”, William and Mary Bill of Rights Journal 18 (May 2010) (She isprofessor at George Washington Law School) 2
  3. 3. SECULAR LEGAL HOSTILITY TO BIBLICAL FAITH[There must be legal and constitutional limits on the abilityof homeschooling parents “to teach their childrenidiosyncratic and illiberal beliefs and values”. . .[Government control must be exercised against] “parents[who] want to teach against the enlightenment. . . .Parental control over children’s basic education flows fromthe state (rather than visa versa). States delegate powerover children’s basic education to parents. . . .”Kimberly A. Yurako, “Education Off the Grid…”, California Law Review 96(February 2008) (She is a professor at the Northwestern University School of Law) 3
  4. 4. Shall I Bow To My Creator?• YES! • NO! – ancient monotheism – ancient myths – ancient Israel – eastern religions – Bible – western philosophy – Fundamentalism – modern theology• CREATOR/creature • Continuity of Being – God || man | nature – nature > gods > man – everlasting distinctions – transmutation /• PERSONAL SOVEREIGN evolution – ultimate responsibility • IMPERSONAL FATE / CHANCE – ultimate victimization 4
  5. 5. THE NATURE OF REASONINGPropositions Conclusions Logical Rules
  6. 6. Limitations of Observation-based (empirical) Knowledge size of length units ? size of time units 6
  7. 7. Consistency criterion: Correspondence criterion:man’s thoughts can be GOD man’s ideas can correspondorderly because God’s plan with factual reality outside hisis orderly head because both are part of a unified creation KN MPR s CO ya OW EH LY all S I VE tur par ti NS e EN a c OW S HE S rea CO OWS RE IV E KN MP LY KN MAN NATURE KNOWS partially as a creature
  8. 8. Who Has the REAL “Evil Problem”?Christian: Good/Evil Mix is “Abnormal” & Temporary Good Creator: 8 8 Good Good creation: | | | Evil Evil Cr F JPagan: Good/Evil Mix is Forever “Normal” Good 8 8 Evil
  9. 9. As mortals, we remain in various kindsof trouble; and salvation strikes us asan all-consuming, universal concern.Yet the angels of heaven have neverbeen saved; the demons cannot besaved; and the redeemed in heavenhave nothing from which to be saved.If life in the resurrected state has apurpose, goals must exist beyondsalvation. . .Origin of the Nations, (Master Book Publishers, 1984)279-80 9
  10. 10. CIVIL GOVERNMENT“Whoever sheds man’s blood, by man his blood will beshed; for in the image of God He made man” Gen. 9:6 10
  11. 11. THE NATURE OF REASONINGPropositions Conclusions Logical Rules
  12. 12. Limitations of Observation-based (empirical) Knowledge size of length units ? size of time units 12
  13. 13. Consistency criterion: Correspondence criterion:man’s thoughts can be GOD man’s ideas can correspondorderly because God’s plan with factual reality outside hisis orderly head because both are part of a unified creation KN MPR s CO ya OW EH LY all S I VE tur par ti NS e EN a c OW S HE S rea CO OWS RE IV E KN MP LY KN MAN NATURE KNOWS partially as a creature
  14. 14. “The rebellious people are tired ofbeing named, of being the recipient ofa name. They want to namethemselves. . .This means becomingindependent. . .It is the desire toexclude God from his creation. And it isthis solidarity in a name, this unity inseparation from God, which was tokeep men from ever again beingseparated on earth. . . .” Jacques Ellul, The Meaning of the City (Eerdmans Pub Co.,1970) 15-16 14
  15. 15. "Just as polytheism continued in an undergroundform through the Middle Ages and lives on todayin modern cults of witchcraft and Satanism, theimagination of Western man was never fullyChristianized. . . .The modern idolatrousimagination still refuses to believe that thepromises of the living God are sure and that hisgrace is sufficient for all our needs. It still looks toother powers and other authorities for supportand guidance, transferring to them what belongsto the Creator alone." Kenneth Hamilton, To Turn From Idols (Eerdmans Pub Co.,1973) 40-41 15
  16. 16. The Anti-Exclusivity “Argument”1. All knowledge is derived from empirically- sensed reality2. Religious ideas concern extra-sensory reality (Gods existence).3. Therefore all religious ideas are mere private speculations4. Therefore no religious idea can claim to be true knowledge.5. Therefore no religious idea can claim superiority over all other religious ideas 16
  17. 17. "[Pharaoh] was the fountainhead of all authority,all power, and all wealth. The famous saying ofLouis XIV, letat cest moi, was levity andpresumption when it was uttered, but could havebeen offered by Pharaoh as a statement of fact inwhich his subjects concurred. It would havesummed up adequately [Egyptian] politicalphilosophy.”Henri Frankfort, Ancient Egyptian Religion (Harper & RoePublishers, 1948) 31 17
  18. 18. “Wherever a society has anaturalistic religion, groundedon the concept of continuity,man faces the total power of thestate. . . .Where there is notranscendental law and power ina separate and omnipotentbeing, then power has a whollyimmanent and immediate sourcein a state, group, or person, andit is beyond appeal. The statebecomes the saving power andthe source of law. . . .[It]becomes god walking on earth. .. ." Rousas Rushdoony, The One andthe Many (Craig Press, 1971) 60-61 18
  19. 19. 19
  20. 20. “In the politics of guilt. . .man will progressivelydemand of the state a redemptive role. What hecannot do personally, i.e., to save himself, hedemands that the state do for him, so that the state,as man enlarged, becomes the human savior ofman.. . . .The politics of guilt cultivates the slave mindin order to enslave men, and to have the peoplethemselves demand an end to liberty. Slaves, trueslaves, want to be rescued from freedom; theirgreatest fear is liberty. . . . As a result, the slave mindclings to statist or state slavery, cradle-to-gravewelfare care, as a fearful child clings to its mother.The advantage of slavery is precisely this, security inthe master or in the state.”Rousas J Rushdoony, The Politics of Guilt and Pity (CraigPress, 1970) 9, 28, 29-30 20
  21. 21. 21
  22. 22. Chiastic Structure ( Χ )5:6-10 God alone is worthy of worship and service 5:11 Accuracy in language about God 5:12-15 Management of labor and property 5:16 Society depends upon functional marriage & family 5:17 Life is to be respected & preserved 5:18 Marriage is to be protected 5:19 Property is to be protected 5:20 Accuracy in language of judicial proceedings5:21 Self is not worthy of worship and service 22
  23. 23. God’s Design of SocietyLIFE (protected) LIFE (jeopardized)MARRIAGE & FAMILY MARRIAGE & FAMILY(strong & functioning) (weak & disfunctional)LABOR & PROPERTY LABOR & PROPERTY(respected & productive) (demeaned & wasted)INTEGRITY of INTEGRITY ofCOMMUNICATION COMMUNICATION(consistently states truth ) (deceitfully professes truth for agendas)HEART ALLEGIANCE (to HEART ALLEGIANCE (toGod) self) 23
  24. 24. Inter-weaving of the commandmentsExample Command Rationale ViolatedFalse 1,2,5 Violates God’s Word, prophet’s authorityprophetMisuse of 3,7.9 Violates their life-giving purpose, uniqueanimals design, valuePerpetual 4,8,9 Violates faith in God’s provision, demeanslabor & debt designed freedom from debt-forced laborTaking 7,8,9 Violates God’s ownership boundary, God’sproperty of grant, honor of the owneranotherModern 8,9,10 Dittosocialism 24
  25. 25. politics Pressure of Life ethicsSequenceLogical epistemology metaphysics Yahweh or an idol? 25
  26. 26. “Wherever a society has anaturalistic religion, groundedon the concept of continuity,man faces the total power of thestate. . . .Where there is notranscendental law and power ina separate and omnipotentbeing, then power has a whollyimmanent and immediate sourcein a state, group, or person, andit is beyond appeal. The statebecomes the saving power andthe source of law. . . .[It]becomes god walking on earth. .. ." Rousas Rushdoony, The One andthe Many (Craig Press, 1971) 60-61 26
  27. 27. “In the politics of guilt. . .man will progressivelydemand of the state a redemptive role. What hecannot do personally, i.e., to save himself, hedemands that the state do for him, so that the state,as man enlarged, becomes the human savior ofman.. . . .The politics of guilt cultivates the slave mindin order to enslave men, and to have the peoplethemselves demand an end to liberty. Slaves, trueslaves, want to be rescued from freedom; theirgreatest fear is liberty. . . . As a result, the slave mindclings to statist or state slavery, cradle-to-gravewelfare care, as a fearful child clings to its mother.The advantage of slavery is precisely this, security inthe master or in the state.”Rousas J Rushdoony, The Politics of Guilt and Pity (CraigPress, 1970) 9, 28, 29-30 27
  28. 28. God’s Design of SocietyLIFE (protected) LIFE (jeopardized)MARRIAGE & FAMILY MARRIAGE & FAMILY(strong & functioning) (weak & disfunctional)LABOR & PROPERTY LABOR & PROPERTY(respected & productive) (demeaned & wasted)INTEGRITY of INTEGRITY ofCOMMUNICATION COMMUNICATION(consistently states truth ) (deceitfully professes truth for agendas)HEART ALLEGIANCE (to HEART ALLEGIANCE (toGod) self) 28
  29. 29. Two EconomiesInterest Rate Domestic (Israel) Foreign (paganComponent nations)risk of default lower due to higher due to lack of personal integrity integrity (Ps 37:21)forfeiture of optimistic about the pessimistic about the present use future (God’s future (pagan cyclic of money linear progress) view of history)inflation Inflation forbidden inflation ubiquitous in premium by 8th and 9th ancient pagan world commandments (coin clipping, mixing (Lev 19:35-36; base metals with Isa 1:22) silver and gold) 29
  30. 30. God’s Design of SocietyLIFE (protected) LIFE (jeopardized)MARRIAGE & FAMILY MARRIAGE & FAMILY(strong & functioning) (weak & disfunctional)LABOR & PROPERTY LABOR & PROPERTY(respected & productive) (demeaned & wasted)INTEGRITY of INTEGRITY ofCOMMUNICATION COMMUNICATION(consistently states truth ) (deceitfully professes truth for agendas)HEART ALLEGIANCE (to HEART ALLEGIANCE (toGod) self) 30
  31. 31. Structure of Chapters 6 & 21Chapter 6 Chapter 216:1-9,20-25 The 21:1-9,22-23 Protocols of commands & the unsolved murder & procedures of learning execution them well6:10-19 The (heart) 21:10-21 Family relationship with relationships Yahweh 31
  32. 32. “The State has become a pseudo-family, educatingchildren according to its standards andpresuppositions, funding health care, paying for men’sretirement, and so forth. To do this, the State mustdecapitalize the family through taxation. The State,unlike a biblically defined family, does not createwealth. It consumes wealth as it redistributes it fromone group to another. . . .Voters do not recognize thecause-and-effect relationship between the State’s offerof support for the aged. They do not recognize theimplicit legal claim which the State is making: reducingthe ability of economically successful men to pass onwealth to their heirs. As voters transfer more and moreresponsibility to the State for the care of the aged, theState steadily becomes the substitute heir.” p 786 GaryNorth, Deuteronomy commentary 32
  33. 33. God’s Design of SocietyLIFE (protected) LIFE (jeopardized)MARRIAGE & FAMILY MARRIAGE & FAMILY(strong & functioning) (weak & disfunctional)LABOR & PROPERTY LABOR & PROPERTY(respected & productive) (demeaned & wasted)INTEGRITY of INTEGRITY ofCOMMUNICATION COMMUNICATION(consistently states truth ) (deceitfully professes truth for agendas)HEART ALLEGIANCE (to HEART ALLEGIANCE (toGod) self) 33
  34. 34. Chiastic Structure ( Χ )5:6-10 God alone is worthy of worship and service 5:11 Accuracy in language about God 5:12-15 Management of labor and property 5:16 Society depends upon functional marriage & family 5:17 Life is to be respected & preserved 5:18 Marriage is to be protected 5:19 Property is to be protected 5:20 Accuracy in language of judicial proceedings5:21 Self is not worthy of worship and service 34
  35. 35. Progressive Use of Millennium Truth“We need a restoration of the millennial hope which theCatholic church dropped out of eschatology. It was crudein its form but wholly right in its substance. . . .We hopefor such an order for humanity as we hope for heaven forourselves.”Walter Rauschenbusch, A Theology for the Social Gospel (New York: TheMacmillan Co., 1922), 88 35
  36. 36. The Founders’ Wisdom“In framing a government which is to be administered bymen over men, the great difficulty lies in this: you mustfirst enable the government to control the governed; andin the next place oblige it to control itself.”James Madison, "Federalist 51," The US Constitution: A Reader, ed.Hillsdale College Politics Faculty (Hillsdale, MI: Hillsdale College Press,2012), 288. 36
  37. 37. IMPLICATIONS FOR ENVIRONMENT & POLITICS IN THE CHURCH AGE ENVIRONMENT POLITICS NOT Millennial conditions NOT Millennial conditionsNOT Tribulational conditions NOT Tribulational conditions“Dominion-friendliness” Cultural righteousnessof natural environment 37
  38. 38. God’s Design of SocietyLIFE (protected) LIFE (jeopardized)MARRIAGE & FAMILY MARRIAGE & FAMILY(strong & functioning) (weak & disfunctional)LABOR & PROPERTY LABOR & PROPERTY(respected & productive) (demeaned & wasted)INTEGRITY of INTEGRITY ofCOMMUNICATION COMMUNICATION(consistently states truth ) (deceitfully professes truth for agendas)HEART ALLEGIANCE (to HEART ALLEGIANCE (toGod) self) 38
  39. 39. politics Pressure of Life ethicsSequenceLogical epistemology metaphysics Yahweh or an idol? 39
  40. 40. Effective Military Strategy"Effective results in war have rarely been attainedunless the approach has had such indirectnessas to ensure the opponents unreadiness to meetit. The indirectness has usually been physical,and always psychological. In strategy, thelongest way round is often the shortest wayhome. . . .The aim is to weaken resistance beforeattempting to overcome it; and the effect is bestattained by drawing the other party out of hisdefences.”B. H. Liddell Hart, Strategy, 2nd ed., (New York: Frederick A. PraegerPublishers, 1967) 25,18 40
  41. 41. THE HOLY SPIRIT’S ENVELOPMENTAL STRATEGY GROW THE CHURCH NT CANON CONTINUITY OF BEING TRINITY & PERSON IDEALISTIC LOGIC OF CHRIST CROSS: SATISFACTION ARBITRARY JUSTICE OF DIVINE JUSTICEJUSTIFICATION: SOLA FIDE HUMAN MERIT ECCLESIOLOGY & ESCHATOLOGY DIVINE STATE-SAVIOR UNIVERSAL HISTORY: CREATIONISM “NATURAL” HISTORY 41
  42. 42. THE COMPLETED BODY OF CHRISTQuantitatively--involves missionary activity by differentparts of the body to acquire representation of all peoplegroups;Qualitatively--•victory over antichrist teachers within local churches (1John 2:19)•faithfulness to death (martyrdom) (Rev 2:10)•accumulated victories by particular believers in particularcircumstances at particular times that show awareness andappreciation of the Word of God (Eph 1:15-23; 3:14-19)•Bema seat purging of work that cant stand up to forensicchallenge (1 Cor 3:12-15) 42
  43. 43. IMPLICATIONS FOR ENVIRONMENT & POLITICS IN THE CHURCH AGE ENVIRONMENT POLITICS NOT Millennial conditions NOT Millennial conditionsNOT Tribulational conditions NOT Tribulational conditions“Dominion-friendliness” Cultural righteousnessof natural environment 43
  44. 44. God’s Design of SocietyLIFE (protected) LIFE (jeopardized)MARRIAGE & FAMILY MARRIAGE & FAMILY(strong & functioning) (weak & disfunctional)LABOR & PROPERTY LABOR & PROPERTY(respected & productive) (demeaned & wasted)INTEGRITY of INTEGRITY ofCOMMUNICATION COMMUNICATION(consistently states truth ) (deceitfully professes truth for agendas)HEART ALLEGIANCE (to HEART ALLEGIANCE (toGod) self) 44
  45. 45. CITIZENSHIP RESPONSIBILITIES“There is not a single passage in the Bible which wouldlead the most devout believer in the inspiration andauthority of the Scripture to refrain from performing allthe duties required of a good citizen. . .The Christianpatriot is interested vitally, always and everywhere inhuman welfare. . . .He will not permit the godless, thetheological liberal, or the crafty politician to manifestmore concern for his neighbors welfare than he willmanifest.”James Edward Congdon, "Christian Patriotism," Moody InstituteMonthly, November 1936, 112. 45
  46. 46. ROMAN LAW OR GOD’S LAW?"Why do all the men with Paul--Timothy, Epaphras,Mark, Aristarchus, Demos, and Luke--protect a fugitiveslave? By doing so, they have become complicit in hiscrime. Under Roman law of the first century afterChrist, anyone who harbored a fugitive slave was notonly liable for reimbursing the slave owner for all theincome lost because of the slaves flight (what we wouldcall civil damages) but was also subject to severecriminal penalties."John W. Robbins, Slavery and Christianity: Pauls Letter to Philemon(Uncoi, TN: The Trinity Foundation, 2007), 33-34. 46
  47. 47. The Risk Costs ofViolating God’sDesign Due toValuation Errors &Bad Choices:$112 B / year“Bail-outs” funded bytax-payers 47
  48. 48. “The State has become a pseudo-family, educatingchildren according to its standards andpresuppositions, funding health care, paying for men’sretirement, and so forth. To do this, the State mustdecapitalize the family through taxation. The State,unlike a biblically defined family, does not createwealth. It consumes wealth as it redistributes it fromone group to another. . . .Voters do not recognize thecause-and-effect relationship between the State’s offerof support for the aged. They do not recognize theimplicit legal claim which the State is making: reducingthe ability of economically successful men to pass onwealth to their heirs. As voters transfer more and moreresponsibility to the State for the care of the aged, theState steadily becomes the substitute heir.” p 786 GaryNorth, Deuteronomy commentary 48
  49. 49. Self / Family / Civil Governance = Zero-Sum 49
  50. 50. Law, Grace & CitizenshipHandouts, Audio & Slides will be available at: www.bibleframework.com

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