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Man From Galilee
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Man From Galilee

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Slides for Jon Kohler's Amarillo College Bible Chair SW World Religions Class, Spring 2010.

Slides for Jon Kohler's Amarillo College Bible Chair SW World Religions Class, Spring 2010.

Published in: Education, Spiritual

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Transcript

  • 1. “ Man from Galilee”
  • 2. Outline of Jesus’ life
    • Jesus’ Birth and Youth (6 B.C.—A.D. 26)
    • The Beginning of Jesus’ Public Ministry (A.D. 26—27)
    • The Galilean Ministry (A.D. 27-29)
    • Jesus’ Travels Outside Galilee (A.D. 29)
    • The Perean and Judean Ministry (A.D. 29-30)
    • Jesus’ Last Days on earth and Crucifixion (April A.D. 30)
    • The Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus (April—June A.D. 30
  • 3. Dating of Jesus’ life
    • born at B.C. 6 and died at A.D. 30
    • Died on A.D. 30 Nisan 14 of the Jewish calendar; Friday, which corresponds to John
    • Passover Jesus began his ministry when the temple was completed, and it took 46 yrs to build (Jn 2:20); it was begun in 19 B.C. by Herod, which would make this date A.D. 27.
    • Jesus’ baptism would have been in A.D. 26
    • The Passovers mentioned (Lk 2:13; 6:4; 12:1); also there could be a Passover mentioned in Jn 5:1.
  • 4. Jesus’ Birth and Youth (6 B.C.—A.D. 26)
      • End of Herod the Great’s reign (37—4 B.C.)
      • Angel appears to Zechariah
      • Angel appears to Mary: She would bear a son whose kingdom would never end (Lk 1:26-28).
      • Census caused Joseph and Mary to go to Bethlehem
      • Shepherds not kings were the first to hear the good news.
      • After circumcision Jesus was visited by Magi
      • Herod hears about the birth and wants to kill all of the male children.
      • Joseph and Mary flee to Egypt and return after Herod’s death in 4 B.C.
      • They returned to Nazareth.
      • Only episode of Jesus’ young life is in Lk 2:41-50.
  • 5. The Beginning of Jesus’ Public Ministry (A.D. 26—27)
      • Jesus is associated with the Ministry of John the Baptist
      • John was the Elijah who was to come into the world. (Preached the end of the age, the coming of the Messiah, and the final judgment).
      • John was anti-temple, anti-national, and anti-establishment.
      • What God required was repentance, confession of sin, baptism, and ethical behavior.
      • John’s ministry was transitional (Jn 3:30): He must increase, I must decrease. Kingdom priorities.
  • 6. The Beginning of Jesus’ Public Ministry (A.D. 26—27)
      • A.D. 26 Jesus goes to Bethany to be baptized by John…Why the need?
      • His death is also called a baptism to be endured (Mk 10:38; Lk 12:49-50).
      • Jesus is led into the wilderness to be tempted. (Satan was tempting Jesus to operate by a plan other than that of his Father).
      • Jesus returns to Galilee by way of Samaria (Jn 4)…woman at the well.
      • He settled in Capernaum.
  • 7. The Galilean Ministry (A.D. 27-29) Galilee
  • 8. The Galilean Ministry (A.D. 27-29)
      • More than 70 events are recorded in this 1 year of ministry.
      • Jesus arrives in Galilee after John’s imprisonment and announces that the time of fulfillment has arrived.
      • Teaches in the synagogues…typical Jewish practice.
      • Rejected in Nazareth after reading Isa 61:1-2 (Lk 4:16-21).
      • Mixed reviews about his preaching.
      • Jesus begins to gather disciples around him (Lk 5:1-11).
      • Appoints twelve apostles.
      • Jesus heals: Lameness (Jn 5:2-47); Paralysis (Lk 5:17-26); Leprosy (mk 1:40-45); fever (Mk 1:29-31); deformity (Mk 3:106); Muteness (Mt 12:22-20); hemorrhage (Mk 5:25-34); blindness (Mt 9:27-31); raising the dead
  • 9. The Galilean Ministry (A.D. 27-29)
      • Life was his classroom and he was in control of everything.
      • Triumphs over the forces of evil (Mk 5:1-20).
      • Sermon on the mount (Mt 5-7)
      • Jesus often goes alone to commune with His father.
      • the Jewish leaders opposed him
      • Jesus trained the disciples intensely in this time.
        • Taught by example
        • Established disciples and apostles.
        • Sent the apostles on preaching missions.
        • Passed on authority and power to them.
  • 10. Jesus’ Travels Outside Galilee (A.D. 29)
    • Jesus goes to Tyre which is 40 miles from Capernaum
    Arch of Triumph in Tyre
  • 11. Jesus’ Travels Outside Galilee (A.D. 29)
    • Feeds 4000 near Capernaum.
  • 12. Jesus’ Travels Outside Galilee (A.D. 29)
    • Goes to Caesarea Philippi which was a center of Pan worship.
    • Transfiguration
  • 13. The Perean and Judean Ministry (A.D. 29-30)
      • In the fall of 29 Jesus knew that his mission was drawing to a close.
      • Jesus stresses the “Cost of Discipleship” with his disciples.
      • Feast of Tabernacles…Oct 29 and heals a man born blind (Jn 9:25)
      • Jesus sends out 72 of his followers in Perea by 2s.
      • Jesus returned to Jerusalem for the feast of dedication (Hanukkah) in December (A.D. 29).
      • Presents himself as the good shepherd.
      • Jesus travels throughout Judea extensively during the winter of A.D. 29-30.
  • 14. The Perean and Judean Ministry (A.D. 29-30)
      • Jesus’ message encompassed: cost of discipleship, importance of salvation, the joy of life in the kingdom (Lk 12:22-34), the nature of prayer, humility and the evils of hypocrisy, and the future coming of the kingdom.
      • Did many healings in this time.
      • Resolutely set out for Jerusalem.
      • Raising of Lazarus happened at this point in his ministry.
      • Anointed by Mary (Jn 12:1-8)
  • 15. Jesus’ Last Days on earth and Crucifixion (April A.D. 30)
      • Triumphal entry Mt 21:1-11; cf. Zech 9:9.
      • Cleansing of the Temple (Mk 11:15-18)
      • Thursday Jesus eats the last Passover meal with the disciples.
      • New Covenant (Jer 31:31-34).
      • Peter’s denial is predicted.
      • John 14-17…Jesus’ final great words to his disciples.
      • Garden of Gethsemane.
      • Betrayed by Judas and arrested.
  • 16. Jesus’ Last Days on earth and Crucifixion (April A.D. 30)
      • Charged with Blasphemy for claiming to be the “Son of God.”
      • Early Friday morning Jesus is taken to Pilate.
      • Pilate wants to set him free, but he cannot.
      • Crowd chose Barabbas ( Bar abba ) instead of Jesus.
      • Pilate had him flogged, wanting to release him.
      • Jesus crucified at Golgotha “Jesus of Nazereth the king of the Jews”
      • Crucified @ 9:00am
  • 17. Jesus’ Last Days on earth and Crucifixion (April A.D. 30)
      • 7 sayings from the cross (Pg 130)
        • Father forgive them for they do not know what they are doing (Lk 23:34)
        • (To Mary) “Woman, here is your son”; (to John) “Here is your mother.” (Jn 19:26-27).
        • (To the criminal on the cross) “I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in Paradise.” (Lk 23:43).
        • I am thirsty (Jn 19:28)
        • My God, My God, why have you forsaken me? (Mt 27:46; Ps 22:1).
        • It is finished tetelestai (Jn 19:30). Psalm 22
        • Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.” (Lk 23:46; Ps 31:6)
      • Side is pierced and he is placed in a tomb, which is sealed.
  • 18. The Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus (April—June A.D. 30)
      • Early Sunday morning the women go to the tomb.
  • 19. The Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus (April—June A.D. 30)
      • Jesus’ appearances
        • Mary Magdalene (Jn 20:10-18)
        • Disciples on the road to Emmaus (Lk 24:13-32)
        • Peter Lk 24:33-35.
        • To the apostles minus Thomas, and to all of them.
        • Jesus made appearances in Galilee and in Jerusalem to small and large groups alike.
        • He had a body…
        • Gives a final blessing over the disciples and ascends up to heaven. (Acts 1:8-11).
  • 20. The True Meaning of Jesus of Nazareth
    • Uniqueness of Jesus; he did not present himself as merely a religious teacher equal to Muhammad, Buddha, or Moses.
    • Supernatural from beginning to end
    • The challenge that he gives is to believe in Him.

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