Man From Galilee

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Slides for Jon Kohler's Amarillo College Bible Chair SW World Religions Class, Spring 2010.

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Man From Galilee

  1. 1. “ Man from Galilee”
  2. 2. Outline of Jesus’ life <ul><li>Jesus’ Birth and Youth (6 B.C.—A.D. 26) </li></ul><ul><li>The Beginning of Jesus’ Public Ministry (A.D. 26—27) </li></ul><ul><li>The Galilean Ministry (A.D. 27-29) </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus’ Travels Outside Galilee (A.D. 29) </li></ul><ul><li>The Perean and Judean Ministry (A.D. 29-30) </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus’ Last Days on earth and Crucifixion (April A.D. 30) </li></ul><ul><li>The Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus (April—June A.D. 30 </li></ul>
  3. 3. Dating of Jesus’ life <ul><li>born at B.C. 6 and died at A.D. 30 </li></ul><ul><li>Died on A.D. 30 Nisan 14 of the Jewish calendar; Friday, which corresponds to John </li></ul><ul><li>Passover Jesus began his ministry when the temple was completed, and it took 46 yrs to build (Jn 2:20); it was begun in 19 B.C. by Herod, which would make this date A.D. 27. </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus’ baptism would have been in A.D. 26 </li></ul><ul><li>The Passovers mentioned (Lk 2:13; 6:4; 12:1); also there could be a Passover mentioned in Jn 5:1. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Jesus’ Birth and Youth (6 B.C.—A.D. 26) <ul><ul><li>End of Herod the Great’s reign (37—4 B.C.) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Angel appears to Zechariah </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Angel appears to Mary: She would bear a son whose kingdom would never end (Lk 1:26-28). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Census caused Joseph and Mary to go to Bethlehem </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shepherds not kings were the first to hear the good news. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>After circumcision Jesus was visited by Magi </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Herod hears about the birth and wants to kill all of the male children. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Joseph and Mary flee to Egypt and return after Herod’s death in 4 B.C. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>They returned to Nazareth. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only episode of Jesus’ young life is in Lk 2:41-50. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. The Beginning of Jesus’ Public Ministry (A.D. 26—27) <ul><ul><li>Jesus is associated with the Ministry of John the Baptist </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John was the Elijah who was to come into the world. (Preached the end of the age, the coming of the Messiah, and the final judgment). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John was anti-temple, anti-national, and anti-establishment. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What God required was repentance, confession of sin, baptism, and ethical behavior. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John’s ministry was transitional (Jn 3:30): He must increase, I must decrease. Kingdom priorities. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Beginning of Jesus’ Public Ministry (A.D. 26—27) <ul><ul><li>A.D. 26 Jesus goes to Bethany to be baptized by John…Why the need? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>His death is also called a baptism to be endured (Mk 10:38; Lk 12:49-50). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus is led into the wilderness to be tempted. (Satan was tempting Jesus to operate by a plan other than that of his Father). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus returns to Galilee by way of Samaria (Jn 4)…woman at the well. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He settled in Capernaum. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. The Galilean Ministry (A.D. 27-29) Galilee
  8. 8. The Galilean Ministry (A.D. 27-29) <ul><ul><li>More than 70 events are recorded in this 1 year of ministry. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus arrives in Galilee after John’s imprisonment and announces that the time of fulfillment has arrived. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Teaches in the synagogues…typical Jewish practice. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rejected in Nazareth after reading Isa 61:1-2 (Lk 4:16-21). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mixed reviews about his preaching. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus begins to gather disciples around him (Lk 5:1-11). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appoints twelve apostles. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus heals: Lameness (Jn 5:2-47); Paralysis (Lk 5:17-26); Leprosy (mk 1:40-45); fever (Mk 1:29-31); deformity (Mk 3:106); Muteness (Mt 12:22-20); hemorrhage (Mk 5:25-34); blindness (Mt 9:27-31); raising the dead </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. The Galilean Ministry (A.D. 27-29) <ul><ul><li>Life was his classroom and he was in control of everything. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Triumphs over the forces of evil (Mk 5:1-20). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sermon on the mount (Mt 5-7) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus often goes alone to commune with His father. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>the Jewish leaders opposed him </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus trained the disciples intensely in this time. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Taught by example </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Established disciples and apostles. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sent the apostles on preaching missions. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Passed on authority and power to them. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Jesus’ Travels Outside Galilee (A.D. 29) <ul><li>Jesus goes to Tyre which is 40 miles from Capernaum </li></ul>Arch of Triumph in Tyre
  11. 11. Jesus’ Travels Outside Galilee (A.D. 29) <ul><li>Feeds 4000 near Capernaum. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Jesus’ Travels Outside Galilee (A.D. 29) <ul><li>Goes to Caesarea Philippi which was a center of Pan worship. </li></ul><ul><li>Transfiguration </li></ul>
  13. 13. The Perean and Judean Ministry (A.D. 29-30) <ul><ul><li>In the fall of 29 Jesus knew that his mission was drawing to a close. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus stresses the “Cost of Discipleship” with his disciples. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Feast of Tabernacles…Oct 29 and heals a man born blind (Jn 9:25) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus sends out 72 of his followers in Perea by 2s. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus returned to Jerusalem for the feast of dedication (Hanukkah) in December (A.D. 29). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Presents himself as the good shepherd. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus travels throughout Judea extensively during the winter of A.D. 29-30. </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. The Perean and Judean Ministry (A.D. 29-30) <ul><ul><li>Jesus’ message encompassed: cost of discipleship, importance of salvation, the joy of life in the kingdom (Lk 12:22-34), the nature of prayer, humility and the evils of hypocrisy, and the future coming of the kingdom. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Did many healings in this time. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resolutely set out for Jerusalem. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Raising of Lazarus happened at this point in his ministry. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anointed by Mary (Jn 12:1-8) </li></ul></ul>
  15. 15. Jesus’ Last Days on earth and Crucifixion (April A.D. 30) <ul><ul><li>Triumphal entry Mt 21:1-11; cf. Zech 9:9. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cleansing of the Temple (Mk 11:15-18) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thursday Jesus eats the last Passover meal with the disciples. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New Covenant (Jer 31:31-34). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Peter’s denial is predicted. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>John 14-17…Jesus’ final great words to his disciples. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Garden of Gethsemane. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Betrayed by Judas and arrested. </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. Jesus’ Last Days on earth and Crucifixion (April A.D. 30) <ul><ul><li>Charged with Blasphemy for claiming to be the “Son of God.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Early Friday morning Jesus is taken to Pilate. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilate wants to set him free, but he cannot. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crowd chose Barabbas ( Bar abba ) instead of Jesus. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pilate had him flogged, wanting to release him. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus crucified at Golgotha “Jesus of Nazereth the king of the Jews” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crucified @ 9:00am </li></ul></ul>
  17. 17. Jesus’ Last Days on earth and Crucifixion (April A.D. 30) <ul><ul><li>7 sayings from the cross (Pg 130) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Father forgive them for they do not know what they are doing (Lk 23:34) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(To Mary) “Woman, here is your son”; (to John) “Here is your mother.” (Jn 19:26-27). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>(To the criminal on the cross) “I tell you the truth, today you will be with me in Paradise.” (Lk 23:43). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>I am thirsty (Jn 19:28) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>My God, My God, why have you forsaken me? (Mt 27:46; Ps 22:1). </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>It is finished tetelestai (Jn 19:30). Psalm 22 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Father, into your hands I commit my spirit.” (Lk 23:46; Ps 31:6) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Side is pierced and he is placed in a tomb, which is sealed. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. The Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus (April—June A.D. 30) <ul><ul><li>Early Sunday morning the women go to the tomb. </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. The Resurrection and Ascension of Jesus (April—June A.D. 30) <ul><ul><li>Jesus’ appearances </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Mary Magdalene (Jn 20:10-18) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Disciples on the road to Emmaus (Lk 24:13-32) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peter Lk 24:33-35. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To the apostles minus Thomas, and to all of them. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus made appearances in Galilee and in Jerusalem to small and large groups alike. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He had a body… </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Gives a final blessing over the disciples and ascends up to heaven. (Acts 1:8-11). </li></ul></ul></ul>
  20. 20. The True Meaning of Jesus of Nazareth <ul><li>Uniqueness of Jesus; he did not present himself as merely a religious teacher equal to Muhammad, Buddha, or Moses. </li></ul><ul><li>Supernatural from beginning to end </li></ul><ul><li>The challenge that he gives is to believe in Him. </li></ul>

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