Lord, Teach Us

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Slides for Jon Kohler's Amarillo College Bible Chair SW World Religions Class, Spring 2010.

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Lord, Teach Us

  1. 1. “ Lord, Teach Us”
  2. 2. How to Understand Jesus: <ul><li>Preacher / Teacher: </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus shared fundamental assumptions with his audience. </li></ul><ul><li>“ Jesus’ task was generally not so much to impart completely new information as to remind them of what they knew and to correct the many misunderstandings that had arisen over time” </li></ul><ul><li>A challenge for Jesus was how to communicate his message </li></ul>
  3. 3. “ Jesus sought to find ways to penetrate this wall of casual familiarity and complacency in such a way that they could see the truth gain in a personal and living way”
  4. 4. Jesus communicated more than just Ideas. “ He was not concerned to receive mass affirmation of what a wonderful speaker he was. He rather wanted hearers to see the greatness of God, the seriousness of their situation, and the new life that was being offered to them, if they would repent and believe the Good News”
  5. 5. Jesus the Preacher: <ul><li>Jesus’ Use of Language: </li></ul><ul><li>His vocabulary was that of his audience, the common people; and he avoided the technical jargon of rabbis. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He understood the technical issues well. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus would often bury his message below literal meaning so that the people had to think to get it. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He used highly graphic language (Mt 7:3-5). Plank in the eye. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Paradoxical or seemingly self-contradictory language. (Mt 16:25) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Calculated overstatement. Mk 9:42-48…cutting off a hand to enter the kingdom. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Jesus made common language do things it never did before. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Jesus the Preacher: <ul><li>The Form of Jesus’ Message. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Much like the typical rabbinical teaching of the day. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Favorite teaching device was a parable. (Ps 78:1-4) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus also used illustrations from down to earth everyday life (animals, birds, meals, clothes, taxes, music, slavery, education, weather, doctors, and illnesses). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used object lessons on occasions. ( Children Lk 9:46-48; Coins Mt 22:18-21; washing the disciples feet Jn 13:2-17). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Used Proverbial sayings. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most of the time He quoted from the OT. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Jesus the Preacher: <ul><li>Jesus and His message </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The rabbis (teachers) in Jesus’ day used to quote each other, Jesus never did this. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>He spoke either from Scripture or from his own authority. “I say to you” “Truly, truly, I say to you” (Mt 7:28-29) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus was offering himself to the people. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. The Teaching of Jesus <ul><li>God, the Kingdom of God, and Jesus’ relation to the Kingdom. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It is God’s kingdom and not man’s. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The fact that God existed was taken for granted. “We do not validate God’s existence by human thought; God validates human existence by being creator, sustainer, and redeemer.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus’ thinking was from the Top Down. God is primary; we are secondary. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>God is near and concerned with his people. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>God is able to understand our needs, comprehend our thoughts, hears our prayers, accept our praise, deliver us from evil, provide our wants, guide our lives, and forgive our sins. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus understood God as Father, a heavenly Father who is everything a father should be in compassion and concern for his children. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>God is Spirit (Jn 4:24); Good (Mt 19:17); glorious (Jn 11:40); true (Jn 17:3); loving (Lk 11:42); holy (Jn 17:11); righteous (Mt 6:33); perfect (Mt 5:48); all-powerful (Mk 10:27); all knowing (Lk 12:6-7; 16:15); wise (Lk 11:49), and Sovereign (Mt 11:25). </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. God, the Kingdom of God, and Jesus’ relation to the Kingdom. <ul><ul><li>God created the world (Mk 13:19) and the human race (Mk 10:6), cares for the inanimate and animate order (Mt 6:30); Lk 12:24, 28), is involved in human affairs (Mt 19:6; Jn 4:10), works according to a plan (Lk 4:19), and is establishing his kingdom (Lk 17:20-21). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The fact that God has a kingdom and is building on it comes straight from the OT. It is a heavenly Kingdom that will be established by God without human effort. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It is a kingdom in the sense of Kingship…the exercise of God’s sovereignty in human affairs. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Entrance requirements into the kingdom: we must become changed individuals. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How do we enter the kingdom: Repent and believe the Good News (Mk 1:14-15); be converted and become as little children (Mt 18:3-4); we are to be born again (Jn 3:3, 5); we are to exert strenuous effort, breaking free from our past (Mt 11:12); we are to acknowledge Jesus as Lord in sincerity and not in pretense (Mt 7:21-23); we are to make whatever sacrifice is necessary (Mt 18:8-9); and we are to be made inwardly righteous by a divine act, not by relying on our outward behavior (Mt 5:20). </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>God is inviting us to be transformed. </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The Uniqueness of Jesus <ul><li>He was fully human. (tired, slept, hungry, felt compassion and love, cried…he experienced the full range of humanity and the full range of human emotions. </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Uniqueness of Jesus <ul><li>Jesus’ Special Relation to God: </li></ul><ul><li>He is equal with God (Phil 2:5-11); Lord (Rom 10:9; 1 Cor 12:3; Phil 2:11); God (Jn 1:1; Rom 9:5; Ti 2:13). </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus never put himself in the same category as human beings. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>He was aware of his own sinlessness. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>God was not Father to him and his followers in the same way. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ I and the Father are One.” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Before Abraham was “I Am” (Jn 8:58; Ex 3:14). </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus forgave sins…something only God can do… </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus accepted Worship…something only God can do… </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus claimed to speak with the same authority of Scripture. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Jesus’ Special Relation to Other Human Beings. <ul><li>Jesus is the answer to the human need. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ultimate destiny depends on our relationship with Jesus. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Assurance of Salvation (Jn 10:28-29) </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Jesus’ Sense of Mission <ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus in the Temple teaching </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The coming of his “Hour” </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus knew that only God the Father had authority over him. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus knew that prophecy was being fulfilled in him. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus knew that he would suffer and die for the salvation of the world. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Son of Man. Dn 7:13-14 </li></ul></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Human Life, Human Sinfulness, and God <ul><li>Judaism of the day stressed: judgment, duty, legal requirements, and strict observance to the law. </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus stressed: love, closeness and concern of God. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The Kingdom of God is ruled by a heavenly Father not a despotic judge or cruel king. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The fact that God cares for us gives human life its meaning. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The human being is complex: we are of great value to God, appreciate beauty, we have a heart, mind, soul, strength, spirit, and will in a complex whole. We are social and moral beings bursting with emotions. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Humans are also sinful: Those who considered themselves the worst sinners felt comfortable around Jesus. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jesus singles out the self righteous </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>To find the true meaning of life, people must come to Jesus. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The yoke of discipleship is not easy but it is bearable. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>The secret of life is not amassing wealth or being outwardly righteous, it is about losing ourselves for Christ’s sake. He is the center of life. </li></ul></ul></ul>
  15. 15. The End of the Age, the Second Coming and the Life to Come. <ul><li>Life does not end at the grave. </li></ul><ul><li>History as we know it will not continue on forever. </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus foresaw the destruction of Jerusalem. </li></ul><ul><li>The end of the world would be ushered in with his second coming. </li></ul><ul><li>No one knows when He will return, it will be unexpected (Mt 24:44; Lk 12:35-40) </li></ul><ul><li>Jesus will be accompanied by angels </li></ul><ul><li>He will descend from the clouds </li></ul><ul><li>There will be a resurrection of the dead. (Mt 25:31-46) </li></ul><ul><li>You cannot serve two masters </li></ul>
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