Hinduism Critique
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Transcript

  • 1.  
  • 2. Hindu Metaphysics
    • Mankind's main problem is metaphysical not moral according to Hinduism.
    • Man has forgotten his true nature and experiences himself to be someone other than what he is.
    • Experiencing the sacred requires attaining that original state of consciousness which he has lost.
    • Man must transcend the finite, personal consciousness and merge (or experience ourselves to be) the Infinite Impersonal Consciousness.
  • 3. Hindu Ethics
    • The caste system obligates one to live and act according to caste.
    • To do otherwise is bad Karma.
    • It is impossible to believe in human equality, rights and freedom and affirm Hinduism.
    • Widows according to Hindu teaching (Laws of Manu 5:156, 158, 161) must remain chaste the rest of their days.
    • Many women are praised for their devotion because they flung themselves onto their late husband’s funeral pyre to burn up along with him (a practice known as sati ); the only alternative to chastity.
  • 4. Ethics and Karma
    • According to the Law of Karma, the world is completely just.
    • Anything that happens to a person in life is a reward for action in an earlier life.
    • Most rationalists would maintain that people are born with physical and mental handicaps because of evil inflicted upon them by other human beings.
    • Reincarnationists must maintain that all seeming injustices are just.
    • They are punishments for evil deeds done by the person in some past experience.
  • 5. Ethical Evaluation
    • Reincarnation combined with Karma is morally empty.
    • No matter what we choose to do or have done (in relation to others), it will be the morally correct thing.
    • If we do not help people and they suffer, it is just. They deserve it because of bad deeds in the past.
    • If we help people and they do not suffer as much as they would otherwise, then they did not deserve to suffer as much.
    • Our intervention, or lack thereof, in matters of human suffering and human rights is inconsequential.
    • We have no moral duty to protect the defenseless.
    • There is no such thing as moral obligation.
  • 6. Monism in Hinduism
    • Monism is the belief that God, man and the universe are ultimately one.
    • Man is infinite consciousness or God, but has become entangled in the finite rational consciousness.
    • As long as man remains in this state, he is reborn repeatedly in this world of suffering.
    • The only way to escape is experiencing oneself as the Infinite Impersonal Consciousness.
    • The techniques of specific yogas are designed to bring about “union” with the Infinite One.
    • Religious Monism requires man, by its very nature, to suspend our faculties of reason and put our brain in neutral.
    • Any religion that bypasses or disengages the mind can appear to be experientially true, simply because the ability to verify or deny it has been removed!
  • 7. Hindu Epistemology
    • The Vedas are believed to be eternal.
    • Devout Hindus cannot accept the fact that there is anything in the universe earlier than the Vedic.
    • The Universe itself is believed to be eternal.
    • The Aryans brought the Vedic culture to India.
    • There are civilizations earlier than the Vedic that inhabited India. This is an archaeologically confirmed fact.
  • 8. Eternality of the Universe
    • Almost all cosmologists now think that the Universe had some sort of a beginning.
    • The “Big Bang” is the commonly held theory of a finite universe model.
    • This leaves little room for an oscillating universe or steady state model.
  • 9. Summary
    • We have forgotten who we are in our rationalistic stupor and we must transcend the rational to achieve oneness with the Infinite of which we are, and are a part.
    • Humankind is valued exclusively according to caste and roles (women).
    • Human rights, freedom and equality are non-existent.
    • If anyone suffers, they deserve it; period.
    • We have no moral responsibility to relieve the suffering of others. Indeed, we have no moral obligation to others whatsoever.
    • Monism requires that one not be rational about one’s religion.
    • The universe is eternal and oscillating and the sciences of astronomy and geography are incorrect.