The Beginnings of Buddhism  The Life of the Buddha
Early years of the Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama) <ul><ul><li>He would follow his father’s footsteps, inheriting the position...
Four passing sights: <ul><li>A. an old man, crooked and toothless (everyone ages) </li></ul><ul><li>B. a sick man, wasted ...
Siddhartha decided to escape (29yrs old)  <ul><li>Great Going Forth :he abandoned his wife and newborn child   </li></ul>
Siddhartha finds enlightenment <ul><ul><ul><li>Various traditions give different details </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><...
The Buddha’s death <ul><ul><ul><li>“You must be your own lamps, be your own refuges. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>T...
Basic Teachings of Buddhism
Monks in the Buddha’s order practiced ten precepts  <ul><li>1. Not taking life 6. Eat moderately and  not after noon </li>...
The two most important questions about existence: <ul><ul><li>How can we minimize suffering: our own and that of others? <...
The Three Marks of Reality   <ul><li>Constant change   </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of permanent identity   </li></ul><ul><li>Th...
The Four Noble Truths   <ul><li>To Live Is To Suffer (suffering = dukkha [duk-kah]) </li></ul><ul><li>Suffering Comes From...
The Noble Eightfold Path: The Way to Inner Peace   <ul><li>Right understanding   </li></ul><ul><li>Right intention   </li>...
Three Jewels.   <ul><li>Buddha </li></ul><ul><li>Dharma   </li></ul><ul><li>Sangha   </li></ul>
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Buddhism Pt 1

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World Religions class for AC S2010.

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Buddhism Pt 1

  1. 1. The Beginnings of Buddhism The Life of the Buddha
  2. 2. Early years of the Buddha (Siddhartha Gautama) <ul><ul><li>He would follow his father’s footsteps, inheriting the position and becoming a great king, a “ world ruler ”; or, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>if he were exposed to the sight of suffering, he would become a great spiritual leader, a “ world teacher .” </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Four passing sights: <ul><li>A. an old man, crooked and toothless (everyone ages) </li></ul><ul><li>B. a sick man, wasted by disease (everyone gets sick) </li></ul><ul><li>C. a corpse being taken for cremation (everyone dies) </li></ul><ul><li>D. a wandering holy man (a renunciate) who had no possessions but seemed to be at peace. (only solution to the suffering of humanity) </li></ul>
  4. 4. Siddhartha decided to escape (29yrs old) <ul><li>Great Going Forth :he abandoned his wife and newborn child </li></ul>
  5. 5. Siddhartha finds enlightenment <ul><ul><ul><li>Various traditions give different details </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>sat for a week </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>remained there forty-nine days </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>all say he struggled with hunger, thirst, doubt and weakness </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>legend says he saw his past lives, fathomed the laws of karma that govern everyone, and finally achieved insight into release from suffering and rebirth. </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
  6. 6. The Buddha’s death <ul><ul><ul><li>“You must be your own lamps, be your own refuges. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Take refuge in nothing outside of yourselves. </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hold firm to the truth as a lamp and a refuge, and do not look for refuge to anything besides yourselves.” </li></ul></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Basic Teachings of Buddhism
  8. 8. Monks in the Buddha’s order practiced ten precepts <ul><li>1. Not taking life 6. Eat moderately and not after noon </li></ul><ul><li>2. Not stealing 7. Avoiding spectacles such as singing or drums </li></ul><ul><li>3. Being chaste 8. Not using flowers, perfumes, or jewelry </li></ul><ul><li>4. Not lying 9. Using simple beds </li></ul><ul><li>5. Not drinking intoxicants 10. Accepting no gold or silver </li></ul>
  9. 9. The two most important questions about existence: <ul><ul><li>How can we minimize suffering: our own and that of others? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>How can we attain inner peace? </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. The Three Marks of Reality <ul><li>Constant change </li></ul><ul><li>Lack of permanent identity </li></ul><ul><li>The existence of suffering </li></ul>
  11. 11. The Four Noble Truths <ul><li>To Live Is To Suffer (suffering = dukkha [duk-kah]) </li></ul><ul><li>Suffering Comes From Desire (craving = tanha [tan-ha] </li></ul><ul><li>To End Suffering, End Desire </li></ul><ul><li>Release From Suffering Is Possible and Can Be Attained by Following the Noble Eightfold Path </li></ul>
  12. 12. The Noble Eightfold Path: The Way to Inner Peace <ul><li>Right understanding </li></ul><ul><li>Right intention </li></ul><ul><li>Right speech </li></ul><ul><li>Right action </li></ul><ul><li>Right work </li></ul><ul><li>Right effort </li></ul><ul><li>Right meditation </li></ul><ul><li>Right contemplation </li></ul>
  13. 13. Three Jewels. <ul><li>Buddha </li></ul><ul><li>Dharma </li></ul><ul><li>Sangha </li></ul>

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