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Ancient Near Eastern Religions (Iraq And Iran)
Ancient Near Eastern Religions (Iraq And Iran)
Ancient Near Eastern Religions (Iraq And Iran)
Ancient Near Eastern Religions (Iraq And Iran)
Ancient Near Eastern Religions (Iraq And Iran)
Ancient Near Eastern Religions (Iraq And Iran)
Ancient Near Eastern Religions (Iraq And Iran)
Ancient Near Eastern Religions (Iraq And Iran)
Ancient Near Eastern Religions (Iraq And Iran)
Ancient Near Eastern Religions (Iraq And Iran)
Ancient Near Eastern Religions (Iraq And Iran)
Ancient Near Eastern Religions (Iraq And Iran)
Ancient Near Eastern Religions (Iraq And Iran)
Ancient Near Eastern Religions (Iraq And Iran)
Ancient Near Eastern Religions (Iraq And Iran)
Ancient Near Eastern Religions (Iraq And Iran)
Ancient Near Eastern Religions (Iraq And Iran)
Ancient Near Eastern Religions (Iraq And Iran)
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Ancient Near Eastern Religions (Iraq And Iran)

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Spring 2010 Amarillo College Bible Chair SW World Religions class.

Spring 2010 Amarillo College Bible Chair SW World Religions class.

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  • 1. Ancient Near Eastern Religions
  • 2. Mesopotamian Religion:
    • Location: the area between the Tigris and Euphrates Rivers
    • Religion: polytheistic
  • 3. Historical Development: Mesopotamian Civilizations
    • Mesopotamia:
    • civilization developed around 7000 B.C.
    • writing took place much later 3100 B.C. by the Sumerians.
    • Sumerians, Akkadians, Amorites, Baylonians, and Assyrians
    • Learn much about Mesopotamia from the Bible.
  • 4. Assyrian Empire: 8th and 7th centuries B.C.
    • In Judah, moral decline took place as Judah coexisted in much prosperity with the Assyrians. As a result the classical prophets began to preach: Amos, Hosea, Isaiah, and Micah.
    • Shalmaneser V governed Assyria when the northern nation fell in 722 B.C.
  • 5. Babylonia
    • Defeated Assyria:
    • 597 B.C. Nebuchadnezzer (king of Babylon) attacked Jerusalem and deported a vast number of Jews to Babylon. In 587 B.C. he completely destroyed Jerusalem.
    • Prophetic figures in this time were: Jeremiah, Habakkuk, and Ezekiel.
  • 6.
    • Mesopotamians sought a good life on this earth but they were constantly bombarded with the forces of chaos around them.
    • Hammurabi and his law code (8th century BCE)
    • Nebuchadnezzar rebuilt Babylon and made a temporary home for exiled Jews.
  • 7.
    • The Persians will seize power in this area after the Babylonians.
    • The Greeks led by Alexander the Great will control the area around 332 BCE.
    • After the Greeks come Roman rule.
  • 8. Myths of Mesopotamia:
    • Enuma Elish
    • Marduk
    • Tammuz and Ishtar through their marriage created (via sex).
    • The descent of Inanna
    Enuma Elish tablet
  • 9.
    • Atrahasis
  • 10. Gilgamesh:
    • Enkidu and Gilgamesh
    • Gilgamesh searches for immortality once Enkidu dies
  • 11. Worldview: Mesopotamia
  • 12. World view continued:
    • Absolute:
    • Rituals and Symbols:
    • Humans
    • Relationship to other Religions:
  • 13. Iranian Religion: Aka: ancient Persian Religion
  • 14. Zoroastrianism
  • 15. The life of Zoroaster
    • Born between 660 and 528 BCE (7th century BCE)
    • At 15 he receives the sacred thread of initiation and lives a good life afterward
    • At 20 he left his parents and his wife
    • At 30 he began to wrestle with religion.
    • Vohu Manah (human figure 9xs as big as a man) appeared to him
    • Ahura Mazda said that immortality would be given to the followers of Zathustra
    • Zoroaster had many visions of angels.
    • He later converted king Vishtaspa
    • Dies at the age of 77
  • 16. Teachings of Zoroaster:
    • scriptures of this religion were written over centuries.
    • Avesta (book of law)
    • Visperad (used to honor lords)
    • Yashts (hymns of praise)
    • Vindevdat (rituals against demons)
    • Monotheism (Ahura Mazda was the main god worshiped), or dualism (Angra Mainyu is the evil deity)
    • People are judged upon their death
  • 17. Zoroastrianism after Zoroaster
    • Cyrus embraced Zoroastrianism
    • Darius
    • Xerxes
    • Magi were probably Zoroastrian
    • Monotheism was replaced with Dualism
    • Manichaeism developed from the teaching of Mani (flesh is evil, spirit is good)
    • Augustine was originally a Manichaean
    • More deities were added
    • Moved to a universalism for salvation
  • 18. Worldview: Zoroastrianism
    • Absolute:
    • The World:
    • Humans:
    • Problem for Humans:
    • Solution for Humans:
    • Rituals and Symbols:
    • Life after death
    • Relationship to Other Religions

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