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Na co gis comm 2011

Na co gis comm 2011






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  • TriMet is the public transportation service provider in Portland, OR
  • City of Portland resolution directs the city government to open data to outside developers and encourages adoption of open source solutions in technology procurement1. Made as much data available on civicapps – very quickly2. Solicited ideas for applications and voting mechanism2. Held 2 app contests requiring that winning app must be open source
  • Data.gov is a leading example in the open data movement. We were excited about it because it aligns with our moded. Because software development is not the government’s core business,is becoming a new role government – to make public data publicly available and easy to access and use. Software development is not our core business.Developers want RAW digital data and a CATALOG so they can quickly understand what it is they’re working with.
  • The results?  Lots of satisfied customers. We are nearing 40 applications all developed by third parties. Criteria for listing on apps page: Must be using our developer resourcesMust work as it says it doesMust adhere to our Terms of Use so that its clear to the user that the data comes from TriMet but the app is not. Our experience indicates that there is a natural selection process after the initial enthusiasm of an open data release, esp. surrounded by app contests. The good apps get better, and the bad apps are weeded out, which is good.
  • In any IT procurement, we make an effort to look for open source alternatives, and we weigh the risks and advantages against the commercial options. Both have risks, however, open source has the potential for great benefits, esp. for government agencies, as we’re not in competition with each other.
  • We developed a method fo comparing COTS with OSS. We performed an alternatives analysis a couple years ago and looked at commercial off-the-shelf products, free APIs (Google, Yahoo), and open source software like GeoServer and MapServer.  We’re a Java shop so GeoServer complied with all our IT standards, and it fit all of our requirements - both internal agency mapping needs and external customer mapping needs.  Again, my biggest hesitation was support for this product, however, I would say its actually superior. We’ve gotten responses/support from users/developers all over the world. Its amazing. Include Open Source Solutions in Feasibility Studies and Requirement Analysis (in addition to COTS)OS Code/Language – ex. can it be supported and maintained internally, does it adhere to IT standards Developer Base Working Implementations Terms and conditions of the OS license agreement Governance or Foundation Options for support and maintenance contracts No initial fee for the software, however, should calculate and compare long-term operating costs and resources against COTS
  • Maps.trimet.org is powered by all open source technologies, including the OpenGeo Stack:  GeoServer, OpenLayers, and PostGIS.  Its all OGC standards compliant and we’ve been extremely happy with the sophistication of this technology and the level of world-wide support from the development community (and esp. from Open Plans). We wanted the ability to bring information from a variety of sources into one application so that customers can make informed decisions. We’re bringing in streetview, next arrival info, trip planning itineraries, stops and amenity information directly from out database.System Maps have historically been paper, but as soon you print, they’re out of date. The biggest advantage is its always up-to-date with little overhead and maintenance.
  • Real-Time vehicle locations and the measure distance tool.We paid for it once, and not its in the source-code for the benefit of everyone. This is a great model for government – shared resources.
  • It has also replaced all of our map object applications. Once the infrastructure is in place, its very easy to customize apps for a particular business use.
  • Even though our map is pretty, and sophisticated, it is single mode only.
  • Open Plans has experience developing communities around open source software and data. The objective is build a development community around the code and have Open Plans manage it so it’s a very viable alternative for agencies. 
  • collaborative method to software design, development, distribution with access to source code
  • Collaborative method of tracking work and voting on important decisions.
  • Research is valuable, but there is no replacement for getting in there and actually editingExplain the images (the first one is what I thought the data should look like when I began and the second is what I learned it should be through observing others work)OSM users contacted us and (politely) informed us of things that we were doing incorrectlyShare what you have learned through editing with your team
  • Project timeline July 2009- July 2011. TriMet received a grant to build an osmmtps.  The Open Planning Project (TOPP) http://topp.openplans.org/ is the primary contractor and the subs are David Emory/Five Points http://trip.atltransit.com/, Brandon Martin Anderson/GraphServer (Bus Monster) http://graphserver.sourceforge.net/, and TriMet (in-kind).  We're starting with David's code and building from there.  The objective is build a development community around the code and have TOPP/OpenGeo manage it so it’s a very viable alternative for agencies.  We have enough funding, but we need one other agency on board so its a collaborative effort to ensure continued success. In TOPP’s experience, the most successful os projects are collaborations, so this is critical. 
  • Talk about how the trips with no green bars represent trips where ATIS could not plan – limitations of the single mode trip planner. ANY QUESTIONS
  • And now I believe they are the fundamental building blocks for the next generation of GIS. And with everything open, anything is possible. Thank you.

Na co gis comm 2011 Na co gis comm 2011 Presentation Transcript

  • Open Geo-Data and Open Geo-Software
    National Assoc. of Counties
    GIS Subcommittee Agenda
    July 16, 2011
    Presented by Bibiana McHugh
    IT Manager of Spatial Technologies
  • open data
    City of Portland resolution directs city government to open data and encourage adoption of open source solutions in technology procurement
  • Just look at the numbers:
    7 Other nations establishing open data
    16 States now offering data sites
    9 Cities in America with open data
    236 New applications
    253 Data contacts in Federal Agencies
    305,709 Datasets available on Data.gov
    open data
  • open data
    40 apps developed by third parties using TriMet’s open data
    PDX Bus sends @ 100k requests/day for next arrival info
  • open source software
    Understand and weigh your risks and advantages
    Not all proprietary is the same, and not all oss is the same
  • open source software
  • = $$$
    open source software
    Free Hybrid Car!
    Open Source Software is NOT FREE
    hardware requirements, training, implementation, customizations, upgrades, additional feature development, support, maintenance, etc.
  • open source software
    Analyzed alternatives for internet mapping
    Compared open source alternatives with proprietary
  • open source software
    TriMet Interactive System Map/Trip Planner maps.trimet.org
    All open source technologies including GeoServer, OpenLayers, PostGIS
  • open source software
    TriMet Interactive System Map/Trip Planner maps.trimet.org
    Real-Time Vehicle locations , Measure Distance Tool
  • open source software
    Internal applications using same open source platform
    Mobility map, Real-Time Vehicle Mapper, Stops and Amenities Application, Accident & Incident Application, Transit Mapper
  • trip planning
    Single-Mode Trip Planners
  • trip planning
    Multi-Mode Trip Planners
  • trip planning
    2009 Portland, OR
    trimet trip planner
    oregon unemployment claim
    95.5 the game
    multnomah county jail
    onpoint credit union
    blazers edge
    2010 Portland, OR
  • the Open Trip Planner (OTP)
    Metro Regional Travel Options Grant
    July 1, 2009 – July 1, 2011
  • the Open Trip Planner (OTP)
    Project Kick-Off Workshop
    July 2009
  • the Open Trip Planner (OTP)
  • the Open Trip Planner (OTP)
    Open Source Development Method
  • the Open Trip Planner (OTP)
    Data API
    Web Services
    Open Architecture
  • the Open Trip Planner (OTP)
    OTP uses open source datasets (GTFS, NED, and OSM) to build a routable graph
  • the Open Trip Planner (OTP)
    The demos are designed for demonstration purposes and are intended to be used as a tool for the developers for testing purposes for both the algorithm and the underlying data.
    Progress in Year 1 (July 2009 – July 2010)
    Worldwide interest and participation
  • the Open Trip Planner (OTP)
    Progress in Year 1
    Support and maintenance options
  • Code Development
    Code quality and extensibility improvements
    Improved wheelchair accessibility
    graph reloading Speed improvements (~10x)
    Memory usage improvements (~0.5)
    Code documentation
    Intermediate stops in API
    Better extensibility
    Visualization improvements
    Making bikes on transit optional
    Kept up-to-date with changing technology (upgraded Spring)
    Edge notes
    Nominatimgeocoder support
    Cleaner max walk distance support
    Support for certain common GTFS failure modes
    Workarounds for OSM data issues (pedestrian islands)
    Support loading OSM from Protocol Buffers format & bz2 xml
    OSM future proofing
    OSM permission bug fixes
    Traffic circles / roundabouts
    Much improved transfer support (min transfer times; transfers now routed on walking network)
    Support for multiple route names on the same stop pattern (typically night buses)
    Dozens of miscellaneous bug fixes
    Gvsig visualization
    Documentation for graph builder
    Better names for some OSM ways
    Better slope visualization
    Slope override for bridges
    Some integration with OneBusAway
    Preferred/dispreferred/banned routes
    Translations from English into the following seven languages: French, Gaelic, Hungarian, Italian, Marathi, Polish, Spanish
    the Open Trip Planner (OTP)
    Demos Released:
    Granada, Spain July 2010
    Pune, India October 2010
    Smartrip Transport for Dublin Journey Planner January 2011
    Ottawa Canada Green Trip Planner January 2011
    Tampa, Florida May 2011
    Gipuzkoa Transit Android App May 2011
    TeleAviv, Israel
    Translations into: French, Gaelic, Hungarian, Italian, Marathi, Polish, Spanish, Hebrew
    Progress in Year 2 July 2010 – July 2011
  • the Open Trip Planner (OTP)
    Street Map Data Options
    Why OSM? Investment in community product for shared benefits
  • Open Street Map (OSM)
    Jurisdictional Format
    OSM RoutableFormat
  • ESRI – OSM Glossary
  • Open Street Map (OSM)
  • Open Street Map (OSM)
    SE Water St.
    SE 1st
    SE 2nd St.
    SE Main St 1 99 101 199 201
    098 100 198 200
    55 SE Main St.
    SE Water St.
    SE 1st
    55 SE Main St.
    SE Main St
    Address Geocoding
  • Open Street Map (OSM)
    Address Search Engines force the user to enter/determine accurate spelling, address, etc.
    Address Geocoding
  • Open Street Map (OSM)
    Phase II Status
    Goal – to support vehicular and bus routing for TriMet Operations (and future phase of OTP)
  • Open Street Map (OSM)
    Attributes to be verified:
    • Legal turn restrictions for cars, bicycles, buses
    • Speed limits (ranges)
    • Street names
    • Street directionality/one-ways
    • Other impedences (speed bumps, roundabouts, etc.)
    QC Process
  • the Open Trip Planner (OTP)
    Metro Regional Travel Options Grant
    July 1, 2011 – July 1, 2013
  • the Open Trip Planner (OTP)
    On the Horizon
  • the Open Trip Planner (OTP)
    OTP Interface Preview – Fall Beta Release
  • OTP produced a significantly faster trip in all but one case
    Planned Trips