A library is a collection of information and resources in print or in otherforms that is organized and made accessible for reading or study. The wordderives from the Latin liber ("book"). The origin of libraries lies in thekeeping of written records. The first libraries as repositories of books werethose of the Greek temples.Before the development of the modern printing devices, the libraries had alimited number of books. They were used also as the storage places forprecious manuscripts, maps and other important documents.The luxury libraries were built by the Royalty, the Church, or by importantColleges. Many of them were housed in palaces or monasteries.In Part One of this presentation, the following libraries were presented:Wiblingen-Germany, Angelica-Italy, Di Bella Arti-Italy, St. Genevieve France,Richelieu-France, Senate-France, Picton-England, St. Florian Austria,St. Gallen-Switzerland, Prague-Czech Republic, Trinity-Dublin, Metten-Germany and Waldassen-Germany.This Part Two presentation selected a few more of these luxury libraries.There are many others remarkable constructions; however the space waslimited.
Melk Abbey is an AustrianBenedictine abbey. It islocated above the town ofMelk on a rocky outcropoverlooking the riverDanube in lower Austria. Aschool was founded in the12th century and itsmonastic library soonbecame renowned for itsextensive manuscriptcollection. The impressiveBaroque abbey was rebuiltbetween 1702 and 1736.
The Mafra National Palace is a monumental palace-monastery located in Mafra,Portugal. Its dimensions are so huge that it dwarfs the city.The palace-monastery is said to be Portugals attempt to rival the Spanishpalace at Escorial outside Madrid.
The library is trulythe highlight of theMafra palace. It is88m long, 9.5mwide and 13m high.The magnificentfloor is coveredwith tiles of red,grey and whitemarble.
In the Mafra Library,there are naturaltechniques forconservation of thebooks, such as thelack of spacebetween the walland the books (so itdoesnt createhumidity).There are also a fewbats that inhabit thisbuilding, eating anyinsect that coulddestroy theinvaluable treasureof the old books.
Admont Abbey is a Benedictine monastery in the townof Admont in Austria. It contains the largest monasticlibrary in the world.
The Admont library hall was built in 1776 and is 70 metres long. It contains70,000 volumes of the monasterys entire holdings of 200,000 volumes. The ceilingconsists of seven cupolas, showing the development of human knowledge.
The Széchényi Library is in Budapest and it is the national library of Hungary.It was founded in 1802 by the Count Ferenc Széchényi. In 1985 it was moved toits new home, in the Buda Castle Palace.
The National Széchényi Librarys main task is to collect, process andpreserve all the written heritage of Hungary and all documents pertainingto it.Made by trees from the Bakony Hills, the carved and inlay-decoratedfurnishings are especially noteworthy.
The Joanina Library is the Baroque library of the University of Coimbra, built in the 18th century. It is located in upper Coimbra, Portugal.
The Joanina library contains about 250,000 volumes, namelyworks of medicine, geography, history, humanistic studies,science, philosophy and theology.
Over the doors, the Joanina Library exhibits the national coat of arms.
At the Joanina Library, thepainted ceilings blendharmoniously with the restof the decorations.
The Austrian National Library has 7.4 million items in its collections. It is locatedin the Hofburg Palace and also in the Mollard-Clary Palace, both in Vienna.
The fresco in the central dome at the Austrian Library represents Emperor Karl VI.Around him, all kinds of allegorical figures are met in a complicated theme, whichtry to symbolize the virtues of the Habsburgs royal family.
El Escorial is an immense palace, monastery, museum, andlibrary complex located at San Lorenzo de El Escorial, a town45 kilometers northwest of Madrid, Spain.
The vault of the El Escorial librarys ceiling is decorated withfrescoes depicting the seven liberal arts: Rhetoric, Dialectic,Music, Grammar, Arithmetic, Geometry and Astronomy.
A famous armillary sphere is located inthe library at El Escorial. It wasconstructed in 1582 by AntonioSantucci. An armillary sphere is a celestial spherewith a model of the Earth of the Sun,placed in the center. It was useful as ateaching tool for solving variousastronomical problems.
The buildings at the Strahov monastery were constructed mainly in the17th and 18th century. The most interesting parts of the monastery are thelibraries, located in the Theological Hall and Philosophical Hall.
The Strahovs Theological Hall was built between 1671 and 1679. Thefrescoes on the ceiling took four years to complete and they depict theprofession of the librarian. In the hall are several 17th centurygeographical and astronomical globes.
The Strahovs Philosophical Hall was built between 1782 and 1784. The ceilings frescoes depict the history of mankind.
Oxford University has a rich and diverse library sector comprising ofover one hundred individual libraries. There are major researchlibraries, libraries attached to the faculties, departments and otherinstitutions of the University, and college libraries.
Radcliffe Library was taken over byThe Bodleian Library is the main research the Bodleian and renamed thelibrary of the University of Oxford. Radcliffe Camera (the word camera means room in Latin).
The Wren Library was completed in 1695 as designed by the famous architectChristopher Wren. It has exquisite classical proportions and maximizes spaceand light, having bookcases below window level.
The first floor of the Wren Library is decorated with limewood carvings andfurnished with a series of marble busts of College alumni, including FrancisBacon and Sir Isaac Newton.
The Department of JusticeLibrary was built at the endof the 19th century, whenthere was no electricity. Toallow as much light in aspossible, the roof wasconstructed as a leadedglass dome and daylightcould filter down to the floorthanks to the open cast-ironstaircases and balustrades.
The magnificent Abbey at Waldsassen, Germany was originallyconstructed in 1585.
The library at Waldsassen Abbey was completed in1726.There are 10 life-size wood carved figures which support thelibrary galleries, and their costumes and features suggestthat they are depictions of fools.
The frescos on the ceilingat the Waldsassen Library were painted in 1724 by Karl Hofreiter.
The Bucharest Central University Library was founded in 1895.
The Vatican Library is located in Vatican City. It is one of the oldest libraries in theworld and contains one of the most significant collections of historical texts.
Originally built as a monastery, Pannonhalma became an abbey in1541. As a result of Ottoman incursions into Europe in the 16th and17th centuries, it was turned into a fortification.
The Pannonhalma Abbey has abeautiful library.On the four sides of the mainhalls ceiling there are paintedallegories, showing the Law,Theology, Medicine and the Arts.
Opened in 1906, Livraria Lello is one of the mostbeautiful bookstores in Porto.
The curved stairs blend perfectly with the walls and the ceiling.
Library QuotationsI must say I find television very educational. The minute somebody turns it on, Igo to the library and read a good book. Groucho MarxI had plenty of pimples as a kid. One day I fell asleep in the library. When I wokeup, a blind man was reading my face. Rodney DangerfieldPerhaps no place in any community is so totally democratic as the town library.The only entrance requirement is interest. Lady Bird JohnsonA good book is the best of friends. English ProverbThe man who does not read good books has no advantage over the man whocant read them. Mark TwainThe reading of all good books is like conversation with the finest men of pastcenturies. DescartesKnowledge is free at the library. Just bring your own container. UnknownNever lend books, for no one ever returns them; the only books I have in mylibrary are books that other people have lent me. Anatole France
Library Quotations Page 2“Classic": A book which people praise but dont read. Mark TwainNever judge a book by its movie. JW EaganAn original idea. That cant be too hard. The library must be full of them. UnknownTo read a book for the first time is to make an acquaintance with a new friend; toread it for a second time is to meet an old one. UnknownSome books are to be tasted, others to be swallowed, and some few to be chewedand digested. Francis BaconTo those with ears to hear, libraries are really very noisy places. On their shelveswe hear the captured voices of the centuries-old conversation that makes up ourcivilization. Timothy HealyReading is thinking with someone elses head instead of ones own. UnknownLibrary: A place where people lower their voices and raise their minds.Richard ArmourNobody graduated from a library. Nobody graduated without one. Debbi Healy
EVERYBODY IS READING A BOOK!GO TO YOUR LIBRARY AND GET ONE ALSO. Presentation by Dan Calistrat firstname.lastname@example.org Pictures from the Internet Music: Fur Elise-Beethoven November 2009 XXXXX
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