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Assistive Technology Presentation
 

Assistive Technology Presentation

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Module 4

Module 4

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    Assistive Technology Presentation Assistive Technology Presentation Presentation Transcript

    • Resources for Individual Instruction
      Specifics for: ADHD, Auditory Disabilities, Reading and Writing Learning Disabilities
    • Reasons to use resources
      Individuals with Disabilities Act (IDEA, 2004)
      Follow Individual Education Plan (IEP) accommodations
      Provide Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)
    • IEP
      Established once identification and evaluation has taken place
      Provides recommended classroom accommodations and possible assessment modifications
      Reviewed and updated annually
    • Least Restrictive Environment (LRE)
      Progressive path
      Paths provide as much access to the regular classroom environment as possible
      Only adds specialized services that would remove the student from the regular education environment as needed to meet each student’s goals in the IEP
    • LRE-most access
      Support Services
      Takes place out of the classroom
      Therapist consults and may suggest classroom strategies with teachers but does not assist in the classroom
      Psychological counseling (ADHD)
      Speech therapy (auditory needs)
      Occupational Therapy (writing needs)
    • LRE-after, or in combination with Support Services
      • Step One
      • Special education paraprofessionals
      • Step Two
      • Special education teachers as co teachers (regular education teacher as lead teacher)
      • Step Three
      • Resource classrooms (special education teacher as lead teacher)
    • Special Education Paraprofessionals
      Serve as assistants to the special education student in the inclusion classroom
      ADHD
      Proximity control
      Timeout options
      Social Support
      Auditory disabilities
      Sign language
      Oral note taking translation
      Language and comprehension support
      Note summary
      Organizational skills
    • Special Education Teachersas Co Teachers
      Special education teacher may or may not be highly qualified in a content area (mostly at 9-12 level)
      Supports and collaborates with lead, regular education teacher
      May do the following:
      Modifications of assignments
      Small group instruction
      Behavior control
      Include subtitles in visual presentations
      Read material aloud for reading disabilities
      Review in small groups as needed
    • Special Education Teacheras Lead Teacher
      Referred to as Resource classes
      Special education students only
      Small group sizes (usually under 10)
      Teaches same content but with accommodations
      Sometimes called self-contained classrooms
      Examples of students in self-contained classes:
      Traumatic brain injuries
      Paraplegic
      Severely autistic
    • Examples of Accommodations
      Classroom Practices
      Assistive Technology-Support Devices
      Readily available
      May help all students
      Assistive Technology-Specialized
      Usually must be ordered or bought for the specific student or disability group
    • Classroom PracticesADHD-Behavior Disorders
      Positive Reinforcement
      Discuss preferences with parents, students, and previous teachers to plan rewards and methods of reinforcement
      Schedules
      Structure and routine
      Nonverbal cues
      Must be discussed with student and reinforced at home
      Preferential Seating
      Must be discussed with student
      May be used as positive or negative reinforcement
    • Classroom PracticesAuditory Disabilities
      Subtitles to videos and presentations
      Eye to mouth sight
      Consult with speech therapist about student’s ability to distinguish words through lip reading
      Watch for assistive technology devices
      Make sure the student is using their hearing device properly
      Include student with other non disabled students
      Early encouragement with peers is key to social development
    • Classroom PracticesLearning Disabilities-Reading/Writing
      Presentation
      Audio tape
      Large Print
      Designated Reader
      Response
      Allow verbal, written, and/or computer use for responses
      Timing
      Allow extra time
    • What Assistive Technology (AT) is NOT:
      a person,
      a strategy,
      a method,
      a shorter assignment, or
      a different location in the classroom.
      Assistive Technology (AT) IS
      also called Support Devices
    • Assistive Technology (AT) IS:
      Used to increase, maintain, or improve achievement of students with disabilities.
      Any piece of equipment or system that has been bought, modified, or customized to meet the above purpose.
    • Assistive TechnologySupport Devices
      Calculators
      Word Processing software
      Note taking guides
      Graphic Organizers
      Subtitle features (auditory)
      Smart Response System
      Headphones-books on tape (reading/writing)
      Behavior tracking sheets-rewards/consequences (ADHD)
      Removal of distractions (ADHD)
      Chorales (ADHD)
    • Assistive TechnologySpecialized
      ADHD
      Invisible clock (worn on the belt)
      Teacher can set times for breaks
      Fin, Fur, and Feather Bureau of Investigation
      Software game that works on ignoring distractions
      Auditory Disabilities
      Examples
      Audiometer
      Teletext
      Android Phone
      Speak Pad application
      Iphone
      ISign application
      Learning Disabilities
      Examples
      Text to Speech (TTS)
      Voice recognition
      Predictive texts
      Mind mapping software
      Screen readers
    • Assistive TechnologyGuidelines
      Needs Assessment
      Inclusion in IEP
      Ongoing evaluation of effectiveness
      Examples for Georgia
      http://public.doe.k12.ga.us/DMGetDocument.aspx/Assistive_Technology_Resource_Guide.pdf?p=6CC6799F8C1371F6D3B6B31946FD0F5CB73AF088936932AD79C7D16213A3A250&Type=D
    • References
      Georgia Project for Assistive Technology. (2008). Assistive technology consideration resource guide. Georgia Department of Education. Retrieved from http://public.doe.k12.ga.us/DMGetDocument.aspx/Assistive_Technology_Resource_Guide.pdf?p=6CC6799F8C1371F6D3B6B31946FD0F5CB73AF088936932AD79C7D16213A3A250&Type=D
      Gromisch, E. S. (2010). ADHD and assistive technology. Bright Hub. Retrieved from http://www.brighthub.com/education/special/articles/74108.aspx
      National Center for Learning Disorders. (2006). Accommodations for students with LD. LD Online. Retrieved from http://www.ldonline.org/article/Accommodations_for_Students_with_LD
      Reed, P. (2011). Getting started with assistive technology. My Child without Limits.org. Retrieved from http://www.mychildwithoutlimits.org/?page=assessing-your-childs-needs