Why are plants not able to absorb silica despite its abundance????
1. Vasumitra Life Energies Pvt. Ltd., Pune, India The Sanjeevan System of Agriculture
2. Samved BIO-N
3. <ul><li>78% Nitrogen in atmosphere </li></ul><ul><li>It is fixed in the soil by N fixing bacteria, </li></ul><ul><li>it is converted into ammonical/nitrate form. Plants can take up only such nitrogen </li></ul>Importance
4. <ul><li>75% N lost through leaching </li></ul><ul><li>Saturates in water sources in Nitrate form </li></ul><ul><li>Watery tissues in plant. </li></ul><ul><li>Leaves are soft and succulent </li></ul><ul><li>Susceptible to pest and disease </li></ul>Today’s Problem
5. <ul><li>New research shows that leaves have certain glands where certain nitrogen fixers are present. They take up nitrogen directly from the air. </li></ul><ul><li>Convert it into amino acids </li></ul><ul><li>It is taken to the different parts of the plant. </li></ul><ul><li>In a way plants have capacity to fulfill their nitrogen requirement on their own to some extent </li></ul>New Research
6. <ul><li>Nitrogen is classified as tej/fire element. Hence it was thought that energy of fire element may stimulate the nitrogen absorption through glands in the leaves. </li></ul><ul><li>The Samved Bio-N, which is combination of herbal extracts (which provide energy of fire element) and water, is used to fulfill above requirement. </li></ul><ul><li>This system can be activated so that doses of Chemical Nitrogen can be reduced to significant extent. </li></ul>Sanjeevan Way
7. <ul><li>Absorbed Nitrogen is converted into amino acids and then into protein resulting in quick growth of plants. </li></ul><ul><li>It increases nodule formation on roots in dicot plants and increases the number of nitrogen fixing bacteria. </li></ul><ul><li>Increases availability of Nitrogen from the soil. </li></ul><ul><li>There is a considerable improvement in canopy of the plants which protects fruits and vegetables from direct sunlight </li></ul><ul><li>Its application helps in reducing the requirement of chemical nitrogen by 50%. </li></ul>The Advantages
8. Effect of Samved Bio-N on the Rabi Groundnut Source : Effect of bio-fertilisers on growth and yield of rabi groundnut by Mr. T.T. Salunkhe, MAU, Parbhani in Maharashtra, India, 2002 TREATMENTS Residual available N after harvest (kg/ha) Total nitrogen uptake in plant at harvest (kg/ha) T1 – SAMVED BIO-N spray 3ml/lit + Recommended NPK in soil 351.17 152.75 T2- SAMVED BIO-N spray 3ml/lit. + 50% Recommended N + Recommended P& K in soil. 330.40 134.10 T3-SAMVED BIO-N spray 4ml/lit. + Recommended NPK in soil 355.30 155.73 T4–SAMVED BIO-N spray 4ml/lit. + 50% recommended N + recommended P & K in soil. 335.10 156.19 T5- Rhizobium culture seed treatment + recommended NPK in soil. 350.60 151.20 T6- Rhizobium culture seed treatment +50% recommended N + recommended PK in soil. 328.70 135.30 T7-Recommended NPK in soil 314.80 132.50 T8-Control (No Spray and no NPK in soil) 290.2 125.40 SE + 2.02 3.26 CD 6.13 9.88 General Mean 332.03 140.40
9. Samved Humiphos
10. Importance of Phosphate Phosphate is one of the major nutrients. Phosphate is also a major part of nucleic acids and is an energy source of the crop. Root growth, yield of the crop and absorption of K, Mn and N in balanced form depend on the proper absorption of P. Today this need is fulfilled by using super phosphate and di-ammonium phosphate
11. Today’s Problem The water soluble phosphate added in the soils which are calcareous, heavy or rich in lime, becomes immediately unavailable. On one hand soils become phosphate banks due to this unavailable phosphate and on the other hand crop suffers from deficiency of phosphate Unfortunately water soluble part of these phosphatic fertilisers is converted into unavail-able form as soon as it comes in contact with Fe, Al, or Ca, Mg salts in the soil.
12. Samved Humiphos <ul><li>In order to overcome above mentioned problems the </li></ul><ul><li>Samved Humiphos was prepared. It contains </li></ul><ul><li>10% total phosphate </li></ul><ul><li>6 - 7 % phosphate is in citrate soluble form. </li></ul><ul><li>1 - 2 % phosphate is in water soluble form. </li></ul><ul><li>Formation of HumiPhos: rock phosphate and organic matter undergo the treatment of earthworms, p-solubilisers, and herbal extracts for solubalisation of phosphate. </li></ul><ul><li>Humus in HumiPhos is useful to avoid phosphate fixation in the soil. Samved Humiphos is added according to the recommended dose of phosphate for the crop . </li></ul><ul><li>Due to no fixation in soil, HumiPhos is able to reduce salinity of soil. </li></ul>
13. The Advantages Samved Humiphos is total substitute for any chemical phosphate fertilizer. Phosphate fixation is avoided. On an average 90% phosphate becomes available to the crop % of fixation of phosphate in different crops FP : % Fixation of P2O5 UP in Kg : Unutilised P2O5 in Kg WM in Rs. : Wasted money in Rs. Source : Report on Samved Humiphos submitted to DST, Govt. of India by IOFRT, Pune, India. CROP SSP DAP SAMVED HUMIPHOS FP UP WM FP UP WM FP UP WM SPINACH 55 8.8 1650 66 30.36 6600 12 0.4 160 CABBAGE 25.5 4.08 765 16 7.36 1600 6 0.6 240 SOYBEAN 82 13.17 2470 61.1 28.11 6110 3.2 0.32 128 ONION 82 13.17 2470 72.2 33.22 7220 3.5 0.35 140
14. The Advantages Onion : Fate Of Available P2O5 In Soil In Different Treatments % of available P in soil at harvesting time was very much lower in Samved Humiphos than that of at the time of bulb formation i.e. at the end of 45 days, which gave comparatively better yield in Samved Humiphos treatment
15. The Advantages Soyabean : Fate Of Available P2O5 In Soil In Different Treatments % Available P in soil was more by 24 % and 28 % respectively in SSP & DAP treatments as against in Samved Humiphos treatments in soybean at the time of harvesting.
16. The Advantages Profused growth of white roots is obtained because of properly available P in Samved Humiphos. These white roots are able to absorb nutrients in balanced form. The crop becomes resistant to pest and disease attack. The fruit and flower dropping is arrested. The humus part of this Samved Humiphos makes the soil more porous, rich in microbes and earthworms. It is also observed that continuous use of Samved Humiphos helped in making available the previously fixed phosphate. In turn the soil is improved.
17. The Advantages Yield In Different Crops In Different Treatments
18. The Advantages Ultimately there is nearly 20 to 25% increase in the yield as compared to non-treated crop
19. The Advantages + : More % in VPComp than SSP & DAP, - : Less % in VPComp than SSP & DAP STATUS OF PHOSPHATE AVAILABILITY IN SOIL IN VPCOMP TREATMENT AS COMPARED TO SSP & DAP As given in table it must be noted that FYM was added on 15 tons / he basis in case of Spinach, Soybean and Onion. In case of cabbage 30 tons FYM was added for a hectare. In this case rate of fixation of P2O5 is reduced considerably. Otherwise as in case of onion, spinach and soybean the rate of fixation of P2O5 is tremendous. However, a marginal farmer just can't use such a huge quantity of FYM as in cabbage case CROP % Av. P after 1 1 / 2 month from transplantation % Av. P after harvesting % Total P after 1 1 / 2 month from transplantation % Total P after harvesting SSP DAP SSP DAP SSP DAP SSP DAP Onion +36 +20 -38 -40 -20 -20 -30 -30 Spinach +20.58 +38.23 -44 -41 -12.5 0 -22.2 -26.6 Cabbage +35.5 +31 -46 -34.28 28.7 0 -33.5 -35.71 Maize +32 +32 -16 -14 -6 -6 -32 -38 Soybean +24 +29 -24 -28 -22 -28 -35 -39
20. Samved ULTRAK
21. <ul><li>Potash is another major nutrient required for better growth of the crop. </li></ul><ul><li>It brings the crop to maturity stage </li></ul><ul><li>It decides the colour, luster, taste and keeping quality of produce. </li></ul><ul><li>It increases the resistance of crop to pests and diseases. </li></ul><ul><li>It arrests fruit and flower dropping </li></ul>Importance of Potash
22. Today’s Problem <ul><li>It is known that Potash is available in the soil in large quantities. However potash remains unavailable because: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Potash is an immobile cation, hence needs some strong force to induce its travel towards roots. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cation of potash is bigger in size and needs more space for its entry into roots. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>These two factors reflect in low ion exchange capacities of the roots and soil </li></ul><ul><li>As a result plants cannot utilize potash although it is available in large quantities in soil. Therefore farmers have to use costly potash fertilizers. Still large part of it is lost through evaporation, and irrigated water or gets fixed in the soil in the form of salts </li></ul>
23. <ul><li>The plants which store the life force of Akash or space were identified. Herbal extracts of these plants i.e. SAMVED ULTRA-K is sprayed on the leaves to make energy available. </li></ul><ul><li>It is sprayed before flowering stage of the crop and also at the time of fruit setting </li></ul><ul><li>This energy makes opening of roots large enough to allow K cation to enter into it . </li></ul>Sanjeevan Way
24. <ul><li>Ultra-K sprays improves the quantity of potash uptake. </li></ul><ul><li>Better uptake of potash is reflected in increase in number of flowers, more total soluble salts, more sugar percentage, colour, luster and better keeping quality . </li></ul><ul><li>It arrests fruit and flower dropping which is reflected in significantly better yield. </li></ul>The Advantages
25. <ul><li>Due to balanced nutrition plant has more pest and disease resistance capacity. </li></ul><ul><li>Farmers who use this spray, invariably experience that they get better price for their produce in India as well as abroad. </li></ul>The Advantages <ul><li>Flowers like gerbera, roses, and jasmine have bright, shining colors and better fragrance. </li></ul>
26. The Advantages Faults in fruit formation such as mummification in grapes are avoided. Size enlargement and uniform ripening of bunches of grapes, banana, etc. are facilitated. Many farmers could achieve early maturity and ripening of fruits like mango, sapota, custard apple, etc. Hence the farmers are able to send the fruits to the market early. Use of SAMVED ULTRAK increases the fertilizer use efficiency of the crop hence there is significant reduction in the use of potash fertilizers
27. Effect of Samved Ultra-K on the Tomato Source : Report of experiments of herbal extract used for inducing K uptake on Tomato. MAU, Parbhani, India Treatments Yield (q/ha) Heightof Plant (cm) No. of fruits per plant Weight of fruit per plant (Kg) Weight of fruit (gm) Yield Increase over control % uptake of K at harvest T1 SAMVED ULTRAK 1 ml /lit + 25% K 345.96 56.72 38 1.245 36 - 1.61 T2 SAMVED ULTRAK 1 ml /lit + 50% K 360.78 57.25 39 1.320 39 3.25 1.65 T3 SAMVED ULTRAK 1ml /lit + 75% K 406.68 59.44 36 1.465 44 16.38 1.65 T4 SAMVED ULTRAK 1ml /lit + Rec. NPK 394.71 55.5 36 1.420 42 12.95 1.70 T5 Rec. NPK 349.43 54.25 40 1.260 34 - 0.88 T6 Control 275.31 40.54 36 0.990 31 - 0.58 S.E. + 13.18 - - - - - - C.D. at 5% 39.97 - - - - - - C.V. % 7.39 - - - - - -
28. Samved ULTRASIL
29. Importance <ul><li>Balanced nutrition is the base of healthy crop. </li></ul><ul><li>Among these nutrients silica is one of the most crucial nutrients, although ignored, which plays a major role in making the crop resistant to insect and fungus attack. </li></ul><ul><li>Importance of silica not properly explained to silica </li></ul>
30. Importance <ul><li>Reduces bad weather stress: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Due to storage of silica in leaves, strength of the crop is increased. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Crop holds its own during strong wind. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Silica stops water outflow from leaves. Crop can hold its own during dry weather. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Silica makes photosynthesis possible in the leaves even during cold weather when there is lack of sun light. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduces Phosphate deficiency/excess stress: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Silica improves transfer of P in crop. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Balances P uptake as well. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>stops ratios of P: Mn and P:Fe to get out of hand. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reduces outflow of salts like sodium </li></ul>
31. Today’s Problem It is observed that in spite of abundant availability of silica in the soil, plants are not somehow able to absorb silica easily from the soil.
32. <ul><li>According to Sanjeevan way the blockage in the energy of absorption of silica can be removed by Prana Shakti of prithvi, vayu and tej i.e. life forces of earth, air and fire elements respectively. </li></ul><ul><li>To achieve this objective, extract of the plants was obtained, potentised 100 times and used as foliar application </li></ul>Sanjeevan Way
33. The Advantages Uptake of silica increases nearly by 25% in wheat Due to more silica uptake tillering is improved nearly by 40% in Paddy, sugarcane and wheat. The greenness, roughness and area of leaf blades are improved in these crops so that the photosynthesis is improved. Treatment % uptake of Si at harvest T1- Samved Ultrasil spray +100% RDF .58 T2- Samved Ultrasil spray +50% RDF .50 T3- Silica fertilizer @ 50 Kg/ha +100% RDF .40 T4- Silica fertilizer @ 50 Kg/ha + Samved Ultrasil spray + 100% RDF .50 T5- RDF 100% .38 SE + - CD at 5 % - General Mean -
34. The Advantages The roughness distracts the fungus and insects in tomato, onion, paddy, cucumber, cucurbita, and bringle. The infection is reduced nearly by 60 to 65 % The crops like capsicum, sugarcane, could sustain the stress of the water shortage than the non-treated crop for at least 20 to 21 days. The strength of stalks of paddy, onion, and wheat is improved so that there is minimum lodging of the crop. The dropping of the seeds is avoided due to lodging or drooping of the weak stalks.
35. Effect of Samved Ultra-SIL on the Wheat All the factors discussed above result into increase in the yield of the wheat is increased significantly Samved Ultrasil. : Herbal extract for silica extraction from soil. Source : Trials conducted in MAU, Parbhani, India in 2001-02 on wheat Treatment Grain yield (q/ha) Straw yield (q/ha) T1- Samved Ultrasil spray +100% RDF 33.7 54.75 T2- Samved Ultrasil spray +50% RDF 30.74 47.49 T3- Silica fertilizer @ 50 Kg/ha +100% RDF 31.61 49.09 T4- Silica fertilizer @ 50 Kg/ha + Samved Ultrasil spray + 100% RDF 32.74 52.71 T5- RDF 100% 31.00 48.05 SE + 0.84 0.79 CD at 5 % 1.87 2.30 General Mean 31.96 50.42
36. Samved Ultra CO 2
37. Importance Carbon is the basic building block of all living and non living things in nature. Plants take up carbon as CO2 during photosynthesis, They prepare their food. After death / harvesting carbon is used as food for other living beings. Hence from smallest possible bacteria to biggest vegetarian and non vegetarian animals depend directly / indirectly on CO2 absorbed by plants during photosynthesis. Hence C as CO2 is more important nutrient in the plant’s life cycle.
38. Today’s Problem <ul><li>Although CO2 plays major role, many times it is not available according to requirements due to : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rainy season – CO2 gets dissolved in water. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot days – being light in nature goes up in atmosphere. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>When plants are unable to breath properly due to various stresses. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Leaves are not properly arranged to absorb more and more sunlight and CO2. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Plants lacking energy of proper breathing and photosynthesis are unable to absorb required amount of CO2 </li></ul>
39. Sanjeevan Way <ul><li>According to Sanjeevan way the blockage in the energy of absorption of CO2 can be removed by energies of Earth, Water and Fire elements. </li></ul><ul><li>Herbal extracts of plants which provide above energies are prepared and mixed with water. </li></ul><ul><li>This mixture- Samved Ultra-CO2- is sprayed on plants. </li></ul>
40. The Advantages Proper circulation of sap juice and food produced in plant Balances C:N ratio of plant in such a way that extra nitrogen uptake is avoided Maturity is attained earlier and size increases significantly. Samved Ultra CO2 stimulates the energy for proper respiration and photosynthesis. This induces – Enzyme secretion required for reproduction and metabolism
41. The Advantages <ul><li>More food is prepared – which is reflected in </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Better size of fruits </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More wt. of produce. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Increase in fat content in crops like sunflower, groundnut, soybean. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>More production – nearly by 15% </li></ul>
42. Samved AMRUTA
43. Vasumitra System of Composting Vasu means Prithvi or earth and Mitra means friend . Vasumitra means “friend of earth” or “sun” . Solar energy stored in herbs is utilized for composting. This humus rich compost is friendly to the earth for its better nourishment. Hence the name ‘ Vasumitra ’ .
44. Concept of Composting When any biodegradable material starts decomposing, many kinds of bacteria, fungi are developed naturally. There is an interlinking chain of microbes, which are developed step by step. They use organic carbon for their growth, multiply and in turn organic carbon in proteins, cellulose, hemicelluloses, lignin is reduced due to their enzymatic secretions. In a broad sense this process is called as composting. The stable product obtained after completion of composting is Humus.
45. Today’s Problem Humus is the soul of soil. Humus can be obtained using vermiculture, compost culture, etc. It is known that good humus rich compost can be obtained using earthworms within 45 days or within 3 – 4 months by using compost culture. Although vermicomposting is an efficient method of composting, it is labour and capital intensive. Composting done using compost culture is not that efficient. If specially prepared composting microbial culture is added, they compete with native flora in the waste for survival. Both of them loose energy during competition and composting is not done efficiently. Besides, to maintain the efficiency of composting microbial culture, one has to provide congenial conditions for their survival
46. Vasumitra system on the Basis of Sanjeevan System Sanjeevan system, believes in increasing the efficiency of native flora. Their efficiency can be increased by managing their energy of self-nutrition, so that they will utilize efficiently their favourite group of organic matter such as cellulose, lignin or proteins. Simultaneously if their energy of self-protection is enhanced, they can survive in inadequate conditions such as excess or loss of moisture, temperature and high or low pH. On basis of Sanjeevan system, Vasumitra system was developed. In this system the Samved Amruta is prepared from the herbal extracts.
47. Advantages of Vasumitra composting system Composting is completed within 30 to 45 days as compared to 3 to 4 months taken by routine systems. Implementation of ystem requires minimum space as Samved Amruta can be sprayed on the large heaps of organic waste. Does not require prior segregation for disposing off city waste. Hence composting is completed without separating non-biodegradable materials such as glass, ceramic, rubber, plastic, etc. Afterwards this material can be separated by sieving. Spray of Samved Amruta increases the temperature of the heap to 65 to 70oC. At this temperature all pathogens, eggs of maggots, etc are killed. Hence there are no flies, mosquitoes and there are no leachates.
48. The Advantages The increase in temperature is advantageous in case of sugar factory waste to accommodate 1.5 times more spentwash in pressmud cake and solves the problem of disposing off the extra quantity of spent wash. It is also useful to the farmers for in-situ composting. The agricultural waste such as sugarcane trash, weeds, banana waste, etc. can be decomposed in the farm itself. It helps to save the cost of labour. The ‘in situ’ composting is also advantageous to increase the bacterial as well as earthworm population in the soil. Vasumitra composting system is very much flexible, so that it can handle smaller as well as larger quantity of the waste.
49. The Advantages Samved Amruta is useful in increasing the efficiency of aerobes as well as anaerobes. Hence it can be useful in many methane generation gas plants using various kinds of material such as wood pulp, molasses or kitchen waste or poultry waste. It is experienced that as efficiency of methanogenic bacteria is increased, generation of methane gas is increased by 12 to 15% . In case of methanisation of spent wash, not only the more quantity of gas is generated but, C.O.D. or chemical oxygen demand and B.O.D. or biological oxygen demand of out coming slurry is also reduced and it can be reused for irrigation. The efficiency of units generating power using such kind of biogas systems is also more where Samved Amruta is used
50. Vasumitra Life Energies Pvt. Ltd., Pune, India It's the Begining