• A thesis is a statement in an essay that you
plan to support, discuss or prove.
• Not all thesis statements can be empirically
proven, but many of them represent an
Why Thesis is written
• Researchers are expected to review the field
and attempt to add an element of original
research to it
• This may simply mean that they adapt
someone else's research plan for the situation
they want to investigate; in this way they can
extend the knowledge about an area.
Information to Contain
• Sufficient information to show …
–You have an important research idea.
–You have a good grasp of the relevant
–You have a good idea of the major
–Your methodology is sound.
Questions to Address
•What you plan to accomplish.
•Why you want to do it.
•How you are going to do it.
•A brief summary of 150-300 words.
–The research question.
–The rationale for the study.
–The main findings.
•Provide the necessary background for your
–Begin with a general statement of the
–Focus on a specific research problem.
–Be followed by the rationale or
justification for the proposed study.
–State the research problem.
–Provide the context to show its
–Briefly describe the major issues of your
–Specify the phenomenon you want to study.
–State your hypothesis or theory.
–Set the boundaries of your proposal in order to
provide a clear focus.
–Provide definitions of key concepts, if
•May be incorporated into the Introduction
–Ensure that you are not “reinventing the
–Give credits to those laying the
–Demonstrate your knowledge of the
–Demonstrate your understanding of the
theoretical and research issues related to your
–Show your ability to critically evaluate relevant
–Indicate your ability to integrate and synthesize
the existing literature.
–Provide new theoretical insights or develop a
new model as the conceptual framework for
–Convince readers that your proposed research
will make a significant contribution.
•Make use of subheadings to bring order.
•Focus, unite, and cohere your discussion.
•Cite influential papers.
•Keep up with recent developments.
•Evaluate critically cited papers.
•Depend on first sources.
•Show how you plan to tackle your research
•Contain sufficient information for the reader to
determine if it is sound.
•Demonstrate your knowledge of alternative
methods and show that your approach is most
•Of course, you do not have results at the
•You need to have some idea about what is
•Mention the limitations and weaknesses of the