Hosp Core 5<br />Tourism Planning<br />Submitted by:<br />Matitu Ronald jayson T.<br />Borja Micheal john <br />Sumayod Makie<br />Magdalu john Lorenz<br /> <br />Submitted to;<br />Mrs. Czarina loranzo<br />Tourism Planning<br />Spratly island Philippines<br />The Spratly Islands are a group of more than 750 reefs, islets, atolls, cays and islands in the South China Sea. The archipelago lies off the coasts of the Philippines and Malaysia (Sabah), about one third of the way from there to southern Vietnam. They comprise less than four square kilometres of land area spread over more than 425,000 square kilometres of sea. The Spratlys are one of three archipelagos of the South China Sea which comprise more than 30,000 islands and reefs and which complicate governance and economics in that region of Southeast Asia. Such small and remote islands have little economic value in themselves, but are important in establishing international boundaries. There are no native islanders but there are rich fishing grounds and initial surveys indicate the islands may contain significant reserves of oil and natural gas.<br />About 45 islands are occupied by relatively small numbers of military forces from Vietnam, the People's Republic of China, the Republic of China (Taiwan), Malaysia and the Philippines. Brunei has also claimed an EEZ in the south-eastern part of the Spratlys encompassing just one area of small islands above mean high water (on Louisa Reef.)<br />The spratly islands are the group of more than 100 islets, reefs, cays, shoals, etc. in the South China Sea<br />Sovereignty in the region is claim entirely by china, Taiwan, Vietnam and partly by the Philippines, Malaysia, and Brunei.<br />The land ares is less than 5 km2 scatteres over an area of nearly 410,000 km2.<br />The largest to smallest islands occupied and controlled by the countries are:<br />
Itu aba island – Taiwan
Thitu island- philipines
West York island- phiippines
Spratly island prop.-Vietnam
Northeast cay- Philippines
South west cay- Vietnam
Sin cowe island-vietnam
Nanshan island- Philippines
Loaita island- Philippines
Swallow ref – Malaysia
Namyit Island- Vietnam
Amboyna cay- Vietnam
Flat Island- Philippines
Lankiam cay –Philippines
Vietnam occupies 26 featuresfallowes by philipines 10, china 8, malaysia 7, and taiwan with 2. Brunei has none
The Philippines controls the largest number of unoccupied features due to its proimity to the Disuted Island.
He refs, shoals, etc. to the east of the 116E meridian are closely guarded b the Philippine navy and air force.
In 1975, Vietnamese truups invaded the Philippines occupied southwest cay reducing Philippines’ holdof 8 to 7 islands.
China’s occupation of mischief reef in 1994 prompted the Philippines to station soldiers on nearby second Thomas reef.
Together with commodore reef, the two reefs serve as a blockade to stop the occupation of features nearest to the Philippines.
Philippnes claim the spratly island is known to be the kalayaan group of islands.
Filipino discoverer admiral tomas cloma proclaimed the establisdment of a new state called freedomland (kalayaaan) on May 1956.
On June 11, 178 kalayaan became a municipality of the Palawan with a lone barangay called pagasa designated as the town proper. The town proper is on pagasa island (Thitu Island)
Kalayaan Palawan Philippines
Pagasa Island has a 1.3 km airstrip and a telecomunacation tower.
Philippine airforce c -130 on Pagasa Island
Whether the regions oil and natural gas deposits
Or to have jurisdictio to impose maritime laws…
South China Sea is the world’s busiest sea lane.
Or the rich fishing grounds and exploitation of other natural resource.
Countries claiming ownership
The islands are within the Philippines exclusive economic zone <EEZ><br />Flora and fauna <br />The vegetation of the island is dominated by dense Pisonia forest. North West Island is an important nesting ground for seabirds and turtles. As many as 500,000 seabird’s habitat the island at any one time. HYPERLINK "http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/North_West_Island" l "cite_note-bt-2"  Seventy per cent of the total breeding population of Wedge-tailed Shearwaters on Australia's east coast nest on the island. The Capricorn Silvereye, a small bird endemic to the southern Great Barrier Reef, is found on the island. The Green Sea Turtle and the endangered Loggerhead Sea Turtle nest on the island between November and February. Because of these important rookeries the size of nesting populations is monitored on an annual basis<br />Tithu Island (Pagasa Island) This Island has a 1.3 km airstrip that is used both by the military and civilians. It has a regulated civilian population of about 350, most of whom are fishermen. This civilian population is the result of Philippine government initial efforts to put civilians in the Kalayaan. Once a month, a Philippine Navy Ship goes to this island to drop supplies of goods. This island has a water-filtering plant, power generators, weather stations and a communication tower which is built by the Philippine-based SMART Telecommunications.<br />Pag-asa Island (Thitu Island) has the biggest area, which is 37.2 hectares. The airstrip in the island has an area of 5.6 hectares, running a length of approximately 1,260 meters<br />Thitu Island (Pagasa in Filipino) is the second largest island in the Spratly Islands in the South China Sea. The island has a landing strip (Rancudo Airfield) and a small harbour. <br />There are 100 inhabitants, mostly military, fishermen and a weatherman.<br />A view of the island shows the landing strip apparently covered in sand and taking up a disproportionately large amount of area of the island.<br />The Spratlys, a group of islands, reefs and atolls believed to be sitting stop vast oil and gas reserves, has been claimed in whole or in part by China, Brunei, Malaysia, Taiwan, Vietnam and the Philippines.<br />Islets a small piece of land surrounded by water.<br />A "rock", in the sense of a type of islet, is a landform composed of rock, lying offshore, uninhabited, and having at most minimal vegetation.<br />a reef is a rock, sandbar, or other feature lying beneath the surface of the water (six fathoms or less at low water).<br />A shoal, sandbar (or just bar in context), or gravelbar is a somewhat linear landform within or extending into a body of water, typically composed of sand, silt or small pebbles. A spit or sandspit is a type of shoal. Shoals are characteristically long and narrow (linear) and develop where a stream or ocean current promotes deposition of granular material, resulting in localized shallowing (shoaling) of the water<br />A cay is a small, low-elevation, sandy island formed on the surface ofcoral reefs<br />Goal setting, strategy selection<br />Numerous plans are to be done in Pagasa. One of the plans, proposed by the Philippine Navy since 1999, is to create a long causeway that leads all the way to a deep water region.Pagasa is completely surrounded by its expansive shallow coral base. This caused the Navy to have one of its ships, the BRP Lanao del Norte (LT-504), run aground when it tried to dock near the island in 2004. The damaged ship is still there up to this day. Also, the Navy is proposing that a naval base be built in Pagasa where the Philippine Navy's elite Special Warfare Group (SWAG) and Navy Seals can train.<br />The Municipality of Kalayaan, on the other hand, proposes that the island be developed for tourism. Pagasa Island has a white sand coastline. It is filled with trees and is a sanctuary of several species of sea birds. Its wide coral base can serve as a good diving spot.<br />Keeping an Eye on the Islands:<br />Remote Monitoring in the South China Sea<br />Synthesis phase<br />Tourism development- municipality of kalayaan try to develop the island as a tourism destination because it has characteristics to become a tourist spot.<br />