Connecting Classics to Pop Culture and Media Literacy[1]


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Information on how to relate classic literature to todays pop culture using all forms of media.

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Connecting Classics to Pop Culture and Media Literacy[1]

  1. 1. Connecting Classics with Popular Culture and Media Literacy Presentation By: Kelly Hansen Nadene Parshall Brooke Holt Ashley Mills
  2. 2. Connecting Classics through Media Literacy Media Literacy Modern Books Poetry Movies/Film Video Games
  3. 3. How many students use technology? <ul><li>96% of students use some type of technology that includes reading and writing. </li></ul><ul><li>65% said primary reason was to communicate. </li></ul><ul><li>27% said “to see what’s going on” or “catch up on the celebrity drama.” </li></ul><ul><li>Females use digital media to communicate 83% of the time. </li></ul><ul><li>Males use digital media 50% of the time. </li></ul>
  4. 4. How Important is Media Literacy? <ul><li>Using media literacy as an additional form of text in English classes increased the level of involvement for even reluctant students. </li></ul><ul><li>Teachers have mixed feelings – “Spend class time watching T.V?” </li></ul><ul><li>National Board for Professional Teaching Standards includes standards for media literacy. </li></ul>
  5. 5. How Connected to the Media are Students? <ul><li>“ 1 in 5 Americans could name the 5 members of the Simpsons family, but could not name all 5 Freedoms guaranteed by the 1 st Amendment to the US Constitution.” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>McCormick Tribune Freedom Museum, 2006 </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Connecting Classics with Modern Books
  7. 7. Pop Culture today is about the individual <ul><li>“ Computers are ‘the biggest communication revolution since Gutenberg,’ who invented the printing press. With hundreds of millions of Web sites available, the Internet has already started &quot;dividing the audience into thousands of fragments.” - Robert Thompson, University of Syracuse professor </li></ul><ul><li>“ As pop culture fragments in the future and becomes more diversified, a result will likely be more marketing toward the so-called ‘outsiders.’” – Overbey </li></ul><ul><li>“ In this culture of ‘Dawson's Creek’ and Britney Spears, today's trends are determined largely by marketing strategies [because] young people, especially teen-agers, who have more buying power than ever.” - Overbey </li></ul>
  8. 8. Staying Power of a Book <ul><li>“ The best books have an almost mythic quality. ‘Many of our mythic structures ... let us discover something about our humanness.’” - Jim Farrelly, University of Dayton professor </li></ul><ul><li>“ I like to match a classic work with a more modern piece of literature that contains similar themes, or with its modern counterpart in movie form. But pop fiction in any form is no substitute for the classics.” - Kathleen Modenbach </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>Classics </li></ul><ul><li>Romeo and Juliet </li></ul><ul><li>Pride and Prejudice </li></ul><ul><li>Withering Heights </li></ul><ul><li>Little Women </li></ul><ul><li>Scarlet Letter </li></ul><ul><li>The Crucible </li></ul><ul><li>King Arthur Legends </li></ul><ul><li>Ann Frank </li></ul><ul><li>Hatchet </li></ul><ul><li>Hamlet </li></ul><ul><li>The Iliad </li></ul><ul><li>Modern </li></ul><ul><li>Twilight Series </li></ul><ul><li>Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants </li></ul><ul><li>Peaches </li></ul><ul><li>Harry Potter Series </li></ul><ul><li>Staying Fat for Sarah Byrnes </li></ul><ul><li>Big Mouth and Ugly Girl </li></ul><ul><li>Romeo’s Ex </li></ul><ul><li>Song of the Sparrow </li></ul><ul><li>Run, Boy, Run </li></ul><ul><li>Between a Rock and a Hard Place </li></ul><ul><li>Ophelia </li></ul><ul><li>Dating Hamlet </li></ul><ul><li>Nobody’s Prize </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>Pride and Prejudice </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Character’s reaction to each other </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Very basic plotline </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Character traits </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Wuthering Heights </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Obsessive love/hate relationships between characters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Gothic undertones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Byronic Hero: shrouded in mystery </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Location is inhospitable (Forks vs. the house) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Supernatural aspects </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Romeo and Juliet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Forbidden love </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Character’s roles </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. More Connections <ul><li>The Scarlet Letter to Staying Fat for Sarah Byrnes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hester and Sarah are both keeping dangerous secrets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religion/Societal expectations </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Illegitimate children </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Little Woman to Peaches and Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Friendship Travel </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Romance Self discovery </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. More Connections <ul><li>King Arthur Legends to Song of the Sparrow , Mists of Avalon , Merlin , and The Legend of Lady Ilena </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Same characters portrayed in different plotlines and points of view. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hamlet to Ophelia and Dating Hamlet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Same characters and storyline portrayed from different points of view. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Anne Frank to Run, Boy, Run </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Both stories about young Jews hiding in the country during the Nazi rule in Germany. </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Modern Books and Classics in the Classroom <ul><li>What </li></ul><ul><li>Help students see the influence of classic literature in modern literature. </li></ul><ul><li>Help students connect with, and understand the classics better. </li></ul><ul><li>Help them to appreciate and understand plotline structure. </li></ul><ul><li>How </li></ul><ul><li>Book Chats </li></ul><ul><li>Extended Reading Lists </li></ul><ul><li>Compare Contrast Lessons </li></ul><ul><li>Connect in lesson discussion, use for examples </li></ul>
  14. 14. Why Graphic Novels? <ul><li>Visually engaging for reluctant readers. </li></ul><ul><li>Gives the story another dimension. </li></ul>
  15. 15. Pop Culture and Poetry <ul><li>What is Pop culture? </li></ul><ul><li>“ Values that come from advertising, the entertainment industry, the media, and icons of style and are targeted to the ordinary people in society.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ These values are distinguished from those espoused by more traditional political, educational, or religious institutions.” </li></ul>
  16. 16. What is Poetry? <ul><li>“ Literary works written in verse, in particular verse writing of high quality, great beauty, emotional sincerity or intensity, or profound insight.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ Poems often make heavy use of imagery and word association to quickly convey emotions.” </li></ul>
  17. 17. <ul><li>“ Poetry is an echo, asking a shadow to dance” </li></ul><ul><li>Carl Sandburg </li></ul><ul><li>Poems surviving from the ancient world are: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Recorded cultural information about people of the past. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Religious prayers or stories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>History, politics and wars </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Myths of their society </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. <ul><li>Examples of Poetry in Film </li></ul><ul><li>The Rime of the Ancient Mariner was the longest major poem by the English poet, Samuel Taylor Coleridge, in 1797–1798. </li></ul><ul><li>An example of this style of poetry used in film: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interview with a Vampire by Anne Rice. Claudia is described with the following verse: </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Her lips were red, her looks were free </li></ul><ul><li>Her locks were yellow as gold </li></ul><ul><li>Her skin was as white as leprosy </li></ul><ul><li>The Night-mare Life-in-death was she </li></ul><ul><li>Who thicks man's blood with cold </li></ul>
  19. 19. Use of The Rime of the Ancient Mariner in other Media Forms <ul><li>Graphic Novel: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By cartoonist Hunt Emerson </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Comic Book: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>By Bill Everett - Famous character, the “Sub-Mariner” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>MAD Magazine: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>&quot;The Rime Of The Modern Skateboarder” </li></ul></ul>
  20. 20. Other Poems used in Film <ul><li>Howl by Allen Ginsberg. One of TV's most recent references to poetry occurred two weeks ago, when this poem was mentioned on The West Wing . </li></ul><ul><li>Jabberwocky by Lewis Carroll. The nonsense words heard in Carroll's Through the Looking Glass. </li></ul><ul><li>Captain! My Captain! by Walt Whitman. As you may recall, this poem inspired members of the Dead Poet's Society to stand on their desks. </li></ul><ul><li>The Odyssey by Homer. The Coen brothers claim the epic was the inspiration for O Brother, Where Art Thou ? If you've got two weeks of free time, you can read the entire tale on the Web. </li></ul><ul><li>The Hollow Men by T.S. Eliot. In a memorable scene from Apocalypse </li></ul>
  21. 21. Poetry and Music <ul><li>Many types of poetry have been used to inspire song lyrics. </li></ul><ul><li>Some poems have become the songs themselves. </li></ul><ul><li>Edgar Allen Poe makes a perfect example of poetry used in the pop culture voice of music. </li></ul><ul><li>Listed next are some of his poems that have been used in songs by popular musicians of their day. </li></ul>
  22. 22. Examples of Poetry in Music <ul><li>1950’s : Frankie Laine recorded a version of Annabel Lee </li></ul><ul><li>1960’s : Bob Dylan’s song, &quot;Just Like Tom Thumb's Blues” references &quot;Rue Morgue Avenue”. </li></ul><ul><li>1970’s : Fleetwood Mac’s song “Albatross&quot; drew its title from the poem Annabel Lee . </li></ul><ul><li>1980’s : Thrash metal band Annihilator dedicated one song to Poe's short tale, &quot;Ligeia&quot; in their debut album Alice in Hell . </li></ul><ul><li>1990’s : Tool featured the lyrics “seems like I’m slipping into a dream within a dream” in the song “Sweat” on their album Opiate . </li></ul><ul><li>2000 : Britney Spears named concert tour “Dream within a Dream”, incorporating lines from that poem (and other Poe works) into her show. </li></ul>
  23. 23. Pop Culture and Lyric Poems Ben’s Song Performed by Korn & Sarah McLachlan On the hills of fire the darkest hour I was dreaming of my true love's pyre Who will bring a light to stoke the fire Fear not for you're still breathing On a winter's day I saw the life blood drained away A cold wind blows on a windless day Hear the cry for new life the morning's flame You were the brightest light that burned too soon in vain Who will bring you back from where there's no return Fear not for you're just dreaming On a winter's day I saw the life blood drained away A cold wind blows on a windless day
  24. 24. Candle in the Wind sung by Elton John Goodbye Norma Jean Though I never knew you at all You had the grace to hold yourself While those around you crawled They crawled out of the woodwork And they whispered into your brain They set you on the treadmill And they made you change your name Goodbye England's rose May you ever grow in our hearts You were the grace that placed itself Where lives were torn apart You called out to our country And you whispered to those in pain Now you belong to heaven And the stars spell out your name Marilyn Monroe Princess Diana
  25. 25. <ul><li>Teaching Poetry to Reluctant </li></ul><ul><li>Students Through Music: </li></ul><ul><li>Open discussion about poetry and what they think, feel, and know about it. </li></ul><ul><li>Make a dictionary of the elements of poetry: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allegory, Alliteration, Image, Metaphor, Rhyme, Simile, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Have the students bring in a favorite CD and lyrics. </li></ul><ul><li>Teacher will put together a package of all the song lyrics and students will listen to each song as a group. </li></ul><ul><li>Decide what element of poetry the students’ will study for each song. </li></ul><ul><li>Have them listen to the song again and note each time the poetic element appears. </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss how that element added to the piece or ask “Do they feel there were other elements?” </li></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>Teaching Poetry to Reluctant Students </li></ul><ul><li>through Word Comparisons: </li></ul><ul><li>Choose a poem from a past era and one from today (such as hip-hop lyrics). </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Example: “Do Not Go Gentle into That Good Night” by Dylan Thomas & “Me Against The World” by Tupac Shakur. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Students will answer the following questions concerning each poem: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What is the essential or overall meaning of the poem? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are some of the unspoken beliefs/ideas of the writer? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Is there a reoccurring theme in about society in each poem? </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>What are the differences or are there any? </li></ul></ul><ul><li>In your own words rewrite some of the lines. </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss how these poems may transcend time. </li></ul><ul><li>Have the students come up with a couple of question they want to answer. </li></ul><ul><li>Have them write their own poems using these poems as examples. </li></ul><ul><li>Have them bring in some of their own poetry or lyrics to look at. </li></ul>
  27. 27. How Can We Use Music? <ul><li>Keep up-to-date newspaper clippings, websites & curricular materials. Know every new artist! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Lessons could be taught focusing on: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Social Issues </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cd’s or Album Covers – Artwork & Design </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>News Articles – Controversial Lyrics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Video Documentaries </li></ul></ul></ul>
  28. 28. Examples of Music Connections <ul><li>Have student groups choose an artist/group they admire. </li></ul><ul><li>Find out who the artist/group have modeled themselves after. </li></ul><ul><li>Choose 2 artists that are at least 10 years apart in age. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Alicia Keys ----Ray Charles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green Day----The Kinks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Usher ----Luther Vandross </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tupac----Elvis </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Helps them make connections to common trends in music. </li></ul>
  29. 29. Artists Who Have Written Songs about “Romeo and Juliet” <ul><li>Bryan Adams “ Not Romeo, Not Juliet” </li></ul><ul><li>Taylor Swift “ Love Story ” </li></ul><ul><li>Dire Straits “ Romeo and Juliet ” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Killers (cover of Dire Straits)“ Romeo and Juliet ” </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Tchaikovsky “ Romeo and Juliet ” </li></ul>
  30. 30. Why Use Movies/Film? <ul><li>Attention getter. </li></ul><ul><li>Encourages closer reading and better understanding of written text. </li></ul><ul><li>Allows students to become creative writers with their own media images, plays, short stories and poems. </li></ul>
  31. 31. Most Commonly Found <ul><li>Shakespeare </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Taming of the Shrew </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Classic Film – Starring Elizabeth Taylor and Richard Burton (1967) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Musical – Kiss Me Kate starring Kathryn Grayson and James A. FitzPatrick (1953) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modern Film – 10 Things I Hate About You starring Julia Styles and Heath Ledger (1999) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twelfth Night </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Classic Film – Starring Helena Bonham Carter, Richard E. Grant, Imogen Stubbs, and Steven Mackintosh (1996) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modern Film – She’s The Man Starring Amanda Bynes and Channing Tatum (2006) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  32. 32. Most Commonly Found <ul><li>More Shakespeare… </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A Midsummer Nights Dream - Kevin Kline, Michelle Pfeiffer, Rupert Everett, and Stanley Tucci (2003) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hamlet </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Classic Film – starring Mel Gibson, Glenn Close, Alan Bates, and Paul Scofield </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modern Film – starring Ethan Hawke, Kyle MacLachlan, Diane Venora, and Sam Shepard </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Othello </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Classic Film – starring Laurence Fishburne, Kenneth Branagh, Irène Jacob, and Nathaniel Parker (2000) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Modern Film – O starring Mekhi Phifer, Julia Stiles, Josh Hartnett, and Andrew Keegan (2003) </li></ul></ul></ul>
  33. 33. Romeo and Juliet <ul><li>Classic Film - 1968 </li></ul><ul><li>Modern Films - starring Leo DiCaprio & Claire Danes (1996) and Romeo Must Die staring Aaliyah and Jet Lee (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Shakespeare in Love – staring Gwyneth Paltrow, Joseph Fiennes, Geoffrey Rush, and Tom Wilkinson (1999) </li></ul><ul><li>Anime Film – Romeo X Juliet </li></ul><ul><li>Musical – West Side Story </li></ul>
  34. 34. Most Commonly Found <ul><li>Scarlet Letter </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Classic Film – staring Josef Sommer, Meg Foster, Elisa Erali, and John Heard (1979) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modern Film – staring Demi Moore, Gary Oldman, Robert Duvall, and Lisa Joliffe-Andoh (2002) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Little Women – staring Winona Ryder, </li></ul><ul><li>Gabriel Byrne, Trini Alvarado, and Samantha </li></ul><ul><li>Mathis (2000) </li></ul><ul><li>Lord of the Flies - Balthazar Getty, Chris Furrh, Danuel Pipoly, and James Badge Dale (2001) </li></ul><ul><li>Emma </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Classic Story – staring Gwyneth Paltrow, James Cosmo, Greta Scacchi, and Alan Cumming (1996) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modern Film Clueless – staring Alicia Silverstone (1999) </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Pride and Prejudice <ul><ul><li>A&E Special Full Book – staring Colin Firth, Jennifer Ehle, David Bamber, and Crispin Bonham (1996) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hollywood Adaptation – staring Keira Knightley, Matthew Macfadyen, Rosamund Pike, and Jena Malone (2006) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Becoming Jane – staring Philip Culhane, Jessica Ashworth, Eleanor Methven, and Elaine Murphy (2008) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Modern Film – staring Kam Heskin and Orlando Seale (2003) </li></ul></ul>
  36. 36. And many more… <ul><li>Books the relate to classics on film </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Sisterhood of the Traveling Pants (2007) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Island of the Blue Dolphins </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Cay </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Twilight (2008) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Troy (2005) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Outsiders (1983) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Seeker – The Dark Is Rising (2008) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Golden Compass (2008) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn (1985, 1993) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pirates of the Caribbean </li></ul></ul>
  37. 37. Why Use Video Games? <ul><li>“ Quick pace” generation – changing images. </li></ul><ul><li>Helps alleviate burden of understanding complex plots. </li></ul><ul><li>Helps students gain deeper understanding of the construction of a plot and how the plots relate to other elements of novel. </li></ul><ul><li>Students who don’t want to write essays or reports are happy to write media plans and narratives. </li></ul>
  38. 38. Video Game Connections <ul><li>Sims 2 – “Romeo and Juliet” </li></ul><ul><li>Rune Scape Quest -“ Romeo and Juliet” </li></ul><ul><li>Clearly defined plot and variety of levels: </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Legend of Zelda </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Sonic Hedgehog </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Super Mario 3 </li></ul></ul></ul>
  39. 39. How to Teach with Video Games <ul><li>Give students project sheet a letter reading: “ Playstation has decided to create a series of videogames based on young adult novels. Your team has been chosen to create an action packed game for the book ________.” </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss what makes a successful video game after watching video game. </li></ul><ul><li>Have students create a proposal, arrange information on project board and prepare presentation to rest of class. </li></ul><ul><li>Send copies of proposal and photographs to Playstation to see if they get a response! </li></ul>
  40. 40. Suggested Books that can be Connected with Video Games: <ul><li>The Lion, the Witch and the Wardrobe by C.S. Lewis </li></ul><ul><li>Call of the Wild by Jack London </li></ul><ul><li>The Bridge to Terabithia by Katherine Paterson </li></ul>
  41. 41. References <ul><li>Christel, Mary, and Scott Sullivan. (2007). Lesson Plans for Creating Media-Rich Classrooms. NCTE. </li></ul><ul><li>Alvermann, Donna E., Jennifer S. Moon and Margaret C. Hagood. (1999). Popular Culture in the Classroom: Teaching and Researching Critical Media Literacy. Newark, DE: International Reading Association. </li></ul><ul><li>Ohler, Jason. (2008). Digital Storytelling in the Classroom: New Media Pathways to Literacy, Learning and Creativity. Corwin Press. </li></ul><ul><li>Kern, Andrew. (1999). Teaching Classical Literature Classically. Literary Review , Winter 99, Vol. 42, Issue 2, p.323, 10p,1bw. </li></ul><ul><li>Sitomer, Alan Lawrence, and Michael Cirell. Hip Hop Poetry and the Classics . </li></ul>
  42. 42. Research Article <ul><li>Massey, Dixie D., Brown, Catherine, Graeber, Ben, Johnson, Rachel, & Learned, Julie. (2009). Teaching the Teachers: How Adolescent Learners Explain Their Literacy Practices. The WORD- Washington Organization for Reading Development, 7. </li></ul><ul><li>Gregory, Elizabeth. (2009). Gothic in Bronte's Wuthering Heights:Mystery and Supernatural in Bronte's Great Romance. </li></ul><ul><li>Overbey, Garry. (2000). The pop of the 21st century: Technology likely to fragment 'pop culture' into 'pop cultures‘ </li></ul><ul><li>Modenbach, Kathleen. (2003). Voice of Experience: Pop Fiction is No Match for Classic Literature. Education World. </li></ul>
  43. 43. Websites <ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li> </li></ul><ul><li>The NoveList </li></ul>