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Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]
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Chapt05 Holes Lecture[1]

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  • 1. BIOL: 2064 Anatomy & Physiology 1 Chapter 5 Edited by Brenda Holmes MSN/ED, RN Associate Professor South Arkansas Community College
  • 2. Hole’s Human Anatomy and Physiology Twelfth Edition Shier  Butler  Lewis Chapter 5 Tissues Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
  • 3. 5.1: Introduction <ul><li>Similar cells with a common function are called tissues . </li></ul><ul><li>The study of tissues is called histology . </li></ul><ul><li>There are four (4) primary or major tissue types: </li></ul><ul><li>Epithelial Tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Connective Tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Muscle Tissue </li></ul><ul><li>Nervous Tissue </li></ul>
  • 4. Intercellular Junctions <ul><li>Tight junctions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Close space between cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Located among cells that form linings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Desmosomes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Form “spot welds” between cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Located among outer skin cells </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Gap junctions </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tubular channels between cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Located in cardiac muscle cells </li></ul></ul>Tight junction Cell membrane Cell membrane Cell membrane Desmosome Gap junction Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
  • 5. 5.2: Epithelial Tissue <ul><li>General characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>Cover organs and the body </li></ul><ul><li>Line body cavities </li></ul><ul><li>Line hollow organs </li></ul><ul><li>Have a free surface </li></ul><ul><li>Have a basement membrane </li></ul><ul><li>Are avascular </li></ul><ul><li>Cells readily divide </li></ul><ul><li>Cells tightly packed </li></ul><ul><li>Cells often have desmosomes </li></ul><ul><li>Function in protection, secretion, absorption, and excretion </li></ul><ul><li>Classified according to cell shape and number of cell layers </li></ul>
  • 6. Epithelial Tissue <ul><li>Simple squamous: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Single layer of flat cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Substances pass easily through </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Line air sacs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Line blood vessels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Line lymphatic vessels </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Simple cuboidal: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Single layer of cube-shaped cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Line kidney tubules </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cover ovaries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Line ducts of some glands </li></ul></ul>(b) (a) Free surface of tissue Simple squamous epithelium Basement Nucleus Connective tissue Connective tissue Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b,d: © Ed Reschke Nucleus Basement membrane Free surface of tissue Simple cuboidal epithelium Connective tissue Lumen (a) (b) Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b: © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Al Telser, photographer
  • 7. Epithelial Tissue <ul><li>Simple columnar: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Single layer of elongated cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nuclei usually near the basement </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Membrane at same level </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes possess cilia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sometimes possess microvilli </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often have goblet cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Line uterus, stomach, intestines </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Pseudostratified columnar : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Single layer of elongated cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nuclei at two or more levels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Appear striated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often have cilia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Often have goblet cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Line respiratory passageways </li></ul></ul>Nucleus Basement membrane Microvilli (free surface of tissue) Connective tissue Mucus Cytoplasm Goblet cell (a) (b) Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b: © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Al Telser, photographer. (a) (b) Cilia (free surface of tissue) Goblet cell Basement membrane Nucleus Connective tissue Cytoplasm Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b: © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Dennis Strete, photographer
  • 8. Epithelial Tissue <ul><li>Stratified squamous : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many cell layers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Top cells are flat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Can accumulate keratin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Outer layer of skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Line oral cavity, vagina, and anal canal </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stratified cuboidal : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2-3 layers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cube-shaped cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Line ducts of mammary glands, sweat glands, salivary glands, and the pancreas </li></ul></ul>Basement membrane Layer of dividing cells Connective tissue Free surface of tissue Squamous cells (b) (a) Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b: © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Al Telser, photographer (a) (b) Stratified cuboidal epithelium Free surface of tissue Lumen Basement membrane Connective tissue Nucleus Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b: © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Al Telser, photographer.
  • 9. Epithelial Tissue <ul><li>Stratified columnar : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Top layer of elongated cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cube-shaped cells in deeper layers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Line part of male urethra and part of pharynx </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Transitional : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Many cell layers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cube-shaped and elongated cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Line urinary bladder, ureters, and part of urethra </li></ul></ul>(b) (a) Lumen Stratified columnar epithelium Connective tissue Basement membrane Free surface of tissue Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b: © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Al Telser, photographer Stretched transitional epithelium Basement membrane Underlying connective tissue Basement membrane Underlying connective tissue Unstretched transitional epithelium (b) (a) (d) (c) Free surface of tissue Free surface of tissue Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b,d: © Ed Reschke
  • 10. Glandular Epithelium <ul><li>Composed of cells that are specialized to produce and secrete substances </li></ul><ul><li>There are two (2) types: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Endocrine glands are ductless (key word: hormone) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Exocrine glands have ducts </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Unicellular exocrine gland : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Composed of one cell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Goblet cell </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Multicellular exocrine gland : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Composed of many cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sweat glands, salivary glands, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Simple and compound </li></ul></ul>
  • 11. Structural Types of Exocrine Glands Duct Secretory portion Tissue surface Simple tubular Simple branched tubular Simple branched alveolar Simple coiled tubular Compound tubular Compound alveolar Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
  • 12. Types of Glandular Secretions <ul><li>Merocrine Glands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fluid product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Salivary glands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pancreas gland (?) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sweat glands </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Apocrine Glands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cellular product </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Portions of cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Mammary glands </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ceruminous glands </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Holocrine Glands </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Secretory products </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Whole cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sebaceous glands </li></ul></ul>(a) Merocrine gland (b) Apocrine gland (c) Holocrine gland Secretion Pinched off portion of cell (secretion) Intact cell Disintegrating cell and its contents (secretion) New cell forming by mitosis and cytokinesis Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display.
  • 13. 5.1 From Science to Technology Nanotechnology Meets the Blood-Brain Barrier
  • 14. 5.3: Connective Tissues <ul><li>General characteristics: </li></ul><ul><li>Most abundant tissue type </li></ul><ul><li>Many functions: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bind structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Provide support and protection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Serve as frameworks </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fill spaces </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Store fat </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Produce blood cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect against infections </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Help repair tissue damage </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Have a matrix </li></ul><ul><li>Have varying degrees of vascularity </li></ul><ul><li>Have cells that usually divide </li></ul>
  • 15. Connective Tissue Major Cell Types Present <ul><li>Fibroblasts </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fixed cell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Most common cell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Large, star-shaped </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Produce fibers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Macrophages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Wandering cell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Phagocytic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Important in injury or infection </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Mast cells </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fixed cell </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Release heparin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Release histamine </li></ul></ul>
  • 16. Connective Tissue Fiber Types Present <ul><li>Collagenous fibers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Thick </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Composed of collagen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Great tensile strength </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Abundant in dense CT </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hold structures together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tendons, ligaments </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Elastic fibers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Bundles of microfibrils embedded in elastin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fibers branch </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elastic </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vocal cords, air passages </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Reticular fibers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very thin collagenous fibers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highly branched </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Form supportive networks </li></ul></ul>
  • 17. Connective Tissues <ul><li>Connective Tissue Proper: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Loose connective tissue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adipose tissue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reticular connective tissue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Dense connective tissue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elastic connective tissue </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Specialized Connective Tissue: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Cartilage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bone </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood </li></ul></ul>
  • 18. Connective Tissue Types <ul><li>Loose Connective Tissue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Mainly fibroblasts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fluid to gel-like matrix </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Collagenous fibers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elastic fibers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bind skin to structures </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beneath most epithelia </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blood vessels nourish nearby epithelial cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Between muscles </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Adipose Tissue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adipocytes </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cushions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Insulates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Store fats </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Beneath skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Behind eyeballs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Around kidneys and heart </li></ul></ul>Elastic fiber (a) (b) Collagenous fiber Fibroblast Ground substance Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b: © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Dennis Strete, photographer Fat droplet (a) (b) Nucleus Cell membrane Cytsol Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b: © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Dennis Strete, photographer
  • 19. Connective Tissue Types <ul><li>Reticular Connective Tissue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Composed of reticular fibers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supports internal organ walls </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Walls of liver, spleen, lymphatic organs </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Dense Connective Tissue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Packed collagenous fibers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Elastic fibers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Few fibroblasts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Bind body parts together </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Tendons, ligaments, dermis </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor blood supply </li></ul></ul>Collagenous fibers Fibroblast White blood cell (a) (b) Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b: © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Al Telser, photographer Fibroblasts Collagenous fibers (a) (b) Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b: © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Dennis Strete, photographer
  • 20. Connective Tissue Types <ul><li>Elastic Connective Tissue </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Abundant in elastic fibers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Some collagenous fibers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Fibroblasts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attachments between bones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Walls of large arteries, airways, heart </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Bone (Osseous Tissue) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Solid matrix </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Supports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Forms blood cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Attachment for muscles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skeleton </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Osteocytes in lacunae </li></ul></ul>Elastic fibers Collagenous fibers Fibroblast (a) (b) Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b: © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Al Telser, photographer 21 Canaliculi Osteocyte in lacuna Central canal Lamella Nucleus Osteocyte Cell process in canaliculus (a) (b) Osteon Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display b: © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Dennis Strete, photographer
  • 21. Connective Tissue Types <ul><li>Cartilage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Rigid matrix </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Chondrocytes in lacunae </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Poor blood supply </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three (3) types: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hyaline Cartilage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Elastic Cartilage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fibrocartilage </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Hyaline cartilage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Most abundant </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ends of bones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Nose, respiratory passages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Embryonic skeleton </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Elastic cartilage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Flexible </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>External ear, larynx </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fibrocartilage </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Very tough </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Shock absorber </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intervertebral discs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pads of knee and pelvic girdle </li></ul></ul>
  • 22. Connective Tissue Types Three (3) types of cartilage: Hyaline Cartilage Elastic Cartilage Fibrocartilage Chondrocyte Nucleus Extracellular matrix (a) (b) Lacuna Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b: © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Al Telser, photographer Chondrocyte Elastic fibers Nucleus Extracellular matrix (a) (b) Lacuna Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b: © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Al Telser, photographer Chondrocyte Nucleus Collagenous fiber Extracellular matrix (a) (b) Lacuna Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b: © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Al Telser, photographer
  • 23. Connective Tissue Types <ul><li>Blood </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Fluid matrix called plasma </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Red blood cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>White blood cells </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Platelets </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Transports </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Defends </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involved in clotting </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Throughout body in blood vessels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart </li></ul></ul>Red blood cells Plasma (extracellular matrix of blood) Platelets White blood cell (a) (b) Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b: © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Al Telser, photographer
  • 24. 5.1 Clinical Application The Body’s Glue: The Extracellular Matrix
  • 25. 5.2 Clinical Application Abnormalities of Collagen
  • 26. 5.4: Types of Membranes <ul><li>1. Serous Membranes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Line body cavities that do not open to the outside </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Reduce friction </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Inner lining of thorax and abdomen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cover organs of thorax and abdomen </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secrete serous fluid </li></ul></ul><ul><li>2. Mucous Membranes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Line tubes and organs that open to outside world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lining of mouth, nose, throat, etc. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Secrete mucus </li></ul></ul><ul><li>3. Cutaneous Membranes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Covers body </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skin </li></ul></ul><ul><li>4. Synovial Membranes </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Composed entirely of connective tissue </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Lines joints </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There are four (4) types of epithelial membranes: </li></ul>
  • 27. 5.5: Muscle Tissues <ul><li>General characteristics: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Muscle cells also called muscle fibers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Contractile </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three (3) types: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Skeletal muscle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Smooth muscle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Cardiac muscle </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Skeletal muscle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Attached to bones </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Striated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Voluntary </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Smooth muscle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Walls of organs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Skin </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Walls of blood vessels </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involuntary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-striated </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cardiac muscle </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Heart wall </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Involuntary </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Striated </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Intercalated discs </li></ul></ul>
  • 28. Muscle Tissue Skeletal Muscle Smooth Muscle Cardiac Muscle Striations Portion of a muscle fiber Nuclei (a) (b) Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b: © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Al Telser, photographer Nucleus Cytoplasm (a) (b) Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b: © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Dennis Strete, photographer Intercalated disc Nucleus Striations (a) (b) Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b: © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc./Al Telser, photographer
  • 29. 5.6: Nervous Tissue <ul><li>Found in brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves </li></ul><ul><li>Functional cells are neurons </li></ul><ul><li>Neuroglial cells support and </li></ul><ul><li>bind nervous tissue components </li></ul><ul><li>Sensory reception </li></ul><ul><li>Conduction of nerve impulses </li></ul>Cell membrane Neuroglial cells Cytoplasm Cellular process Nucleus (a) (b) Copyright © The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. b: © Ed Reschke.
  • 30. 5.2 From Science to Technology Tissue Engineering: Replacement Bladders and Hearts
  • 31. Important Points in Chapter 5: Outcomes to be Assessed <ul><li>5.1: Introduction </li></ul><ul><li>Describe a tissue, and explain the intercellular junctions found in tissues. </li></ul><ul><li>List the four major tissue types in the body. </li></ul><ul><li>5.2: Epithelial Tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the general characteristics and functions of epithelial tissue. </li></ul><ul><li>Name the types of epithelium and identify and organ in which each is found. </li></ul><ul><li>Explain how glands are classified. </li></ul><ul><li>5.3: Connective Tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the general characteristics of connective tissue. </li></ul><ul><li>Compare and contrast the cellular components, structures, fibers, and extracellular matrix (where applicable) in each type of connective tissue. </li></ul>
  • 32. Important Points in Chapter 5: Outcomes to be Assessed <ul><li>Describe the major functions of each type of connective tissue. </li></ul><ul><li>5.4: Types of Membranes </li></ul><ul><li>Describe and locate each of the four types of membranes. </li></ul><ul><li>5.5: Muscle Tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Distinguish among the three types of muscle tissue. </li></ul><ul><li>5.6: Nervous Tissues </li></ul><ul><li>Describe the general characteristics and functions of nervous tissue. </li></ul>
  • 33. Quiz 5 Complete Quiz 5 now! Read Chapter 6.

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