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Chapter 11- Nervous System II PowerPoint Presentation to accompany Hole’s Human Anatomy and Physiology, 10 th edition , edited by S.C. Wache for Biol2064.01
You are responsible for the following figures and tables : Review Fig. 10.7. Differentiate CNS and PNS general tasks. Compare Fig. 11.5 - Structure of the CNS - the brain and spinal cord. Compare Tab. 11.9 and Fig. 11.29 - Components of the PNS Fig. 11.1 , 11.2 - meninges. Fig. 11.3, 11.4 - CSF. TB, blue box, p. 368 Clinical Applications 11.1 - Spinal tap. Fig. 11.6 - Structure of the spinal cord. Fig. 11.7 - Define 'reflex arc‘. Fig. 11.8, 11.9 - Examples: Knee-jerk reflex, withdrawal reflex. Tab. 11.2 - Study the parts of a reflex arc. Fig. 11.15, Tab. 11.7 - CNS/ Brain structure - Read p.388-391, endocrine functions. Fig. 11.16 - Note fissures, sulci, gyri. Fig. 11.17, 11.18 - Areas of the cerebrum. Tab. 11.5 - Functions of the cerebral lobes. Fig. 11.25. PNS / Cranial nerves . Fig. 11.26. The vagus nerve # X, is important. Fig. 11.6.- CNS/ Spinal cord structure. Fig. 11.29 - PNS/ Spinal nerves - (see table in the attached lecture handout). Fig. 11.35 - ANS innervates smooth muscle and glands. Fig. 11.40 - sympathetic / parasympathetic nerves (see diagram in the attached lecture).
Brain Areas and Their Functions (Tab. 11.5) visual association area / perceptions occipital lobes Wernicke’s speech comprehension area; primary auditory / hearing association area temporal lobe gustatory area parietal lobe / along lateral sulcus primary olfactory area, Broca’s speech motor area frontal lobe concerned autonomic functions , limbic system hypothalamus integrates neurons for short-term memory thalamus is part of the diencephalon short-term memory processing, limbic system (emotions and motivation) lateral ventricle hippocampus / internal frontal lobe areas Function Region of Brain
Basal Nuclei: masses of gray matter which consists of unmyelinated interneurons within the cerebral hemispheres
Hippocampus: a curved elongated ridge that is an important part of the limbic system , extends over the floor of the descending horn of each lateral ventricle of the brain, and consists of gray matter covered on the ventricular surface with white matter;
a region of the cerebral cortex that performs repeated stimulations to strengthen synapses.
Caudate nucleus, putamen, globus pallidus:
Relay motor impulses and produce the inhibitory neurotransmitter, dopamine
Midbrain: the middle division of the three primary divisions of the adult brain that includes a ventral part with the cerebral peduncles and a dorsal part with the corpora quadrigemina and that surrounds the aqueduct of Sylvius connecting the third and fourth ventricles
Pons: sensory impulses relayed to brain, works with the medulla oblongata
Medulla Oblongata: ascending and descending tracts pass through; contains the cardiac center which controls heart rate; contains the vasomotor center which controls blood pressure; contains the respiratory center which controls rate, rhythm, depth of breathing;
corticospinal tract: any of four columns of motor fibers of which two run on each side of the spinal cord and which are continuations of the pyramids of the medulla oblongata : PYRAMIDAL TRACT : a : LATERAL CORTICOSPINAL TRACT