Chapter 1 Introduction PowerPoint Presentation to accompany Hole’s Human Anatomy and Physiology, 10 th edition , edited by S.C. Wache for Biol2064.01
You are responsible for the following figures and tables : Fig. 1.1 - Posterior view of biped human. Fig. 1.3, Tab. 1.1 - Levels of Organization. Tab. 1.2 - Organ Systems. Tab. 1.3 - Characteristics of living matter versus dead matter. Tab. 1.4 - Requirements of living organisms. The human body is organized in cavities. Fig. 1.9 - Body cavities. Fig. 1.10 - Head cavities. Study the serous membranes that enclose important organs. Fig. 1.11, 1.12 Read TB p. 21 on "anatomical terminology". Study 'body sections'. Fig. 1.21 - coronal v. sagittal v. transverse cuts. Fig. 1.23 - Subdivisions of the abdominal cavity. Fig. 1.24 - learn by heart as many of these terms as possible.
Understanding the Human Body Our earliest ancestors were interested in the way their bodies worked. posterior view of biped human showing the muscles.
Organ Systems Overview production, maintenance and transport of gametes; production of sex hormones male: testes, epididymis, vas deferens, prostate, seminal vesicle, bulbourethral glands, urethra, penis, scrotum female: ovaries, fallopian tubes, uterus, cervix, vagina, labia, clitoris REPRODUCTIVE breakdown of food into substances that can be absorbed (for energy) mouth, pharynx, esophagus, stomach, small and large intestine, salivary glands, liver, pancreas, gall bladder DIGESTIVE removal of metabolic wastes from blood, maintenance of blood pH and electrolytes kidneys, ureters, urinary bladder, urethra URINARY exchange of gases (O 2 and CO 2 ), maintenance of blood pH and electrolytes oral/nasal cavities, pharynx, larynx, trachea, bronchial tubes within lungs, alveoli RESPIRATORY to fight infection Lymph nodes, thymus, spleen LYMPHATIC transport of nutrients, wastes, O 2 and CO 2 Heart, blood vessels CARDIO-VASCULAR maintenance of homeostasis Endocrine Glands that secrete hormones ENDOCRINE coordination of body parts; control Brain, spinal cord, nerves NERVOUS movement, heat production Skeletal Muscles MUSCULAR support, protection, movement, Ca ++ store, hematopoiesis Bones, tendons, ligaments, cartilages SKELETAL protection, regulation of body temperature, synthesis of Vitamin D, etc. Skin, hair, nails, sweat glands, sebaceous glands INTEGUMENTARY FUNCTION(S) ORGANS IN SYSTEM SYSTEM NAME