Ancient Egyptian Mummification
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Ancient Egyptian Mummification



A step-by-step process of the Ancient Egyptian method of Mummification

A step-by-step process of the Ancient Egyptian method of Mummification



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Ancient Egyptian Mummification Ancient Egyptian Mummification Presentation Transcript

  • Ensure your pharaoh makes it tothe afterlife safely!
  • So, your beloved pharaoh has justdied—what do you do now? Youmust make sure to mummify himcorrectly; any small mistake couldjeopardize his chances for eternallife! But not to worry, just followthis easy, step-by-step guide toensure that your holy leadercontinues to live life everlasting.
  • First, make surethe kingdomknows the news.Send amessenger to thecity streets to cryout theannouncement.
  • Wash the body in palm wine.
  • Rinse the body with water fromthe Nile.
  • Make a small incision on the leftside of the body.
  • Remove important internal organsthrough the slit. This includesliver, lungs, stomach & intestines.
  • *Note* do NOTremove theheart—it is theseat of the souland must remainwith the bearer!
  • Remove the brain by pulling itout through the nose with ahook (we’re not really sure whatthe brain is for, but it can’t betoo important).
  • Stuff the body with natron (saltand bicarbonate of soda). Usethe remainder to cover thebody.
  • Set the body and internalorgans outside in the hot sun todry.
  • Wait 40 daysfor the bodyand organs todry.
  • Rinse the body with water fromthe Nile (yes, again).
  • Cover the body with fragrant oils (werecommend myrrh, sandalwood, attarof roses, and/or cedar).
  • Stuff the body with drymaterials, such assawdust, leaves, and/or linen. Becareful not to use too much or toolittle—you don’t want to disfigurethe body!
  • Cover the body with morefragrant oils, for good measure.
  • Place the dried organs in thecorresponding canopic jars. Makesure they are packed tight with natron.
  • Imsety, the human-headed godlooks after the liver.Hapy, the baboon-headedgod looks after the lungsDuamutef, the jackal-headedgod looks after the stomachQebehsenuef, the falcon-headedgod looks after the intestines.
  • You will need a specialslatted table for thisprocess. This is so youcan wrap around thebody without having tokeep turning it over.
  • Wrap the head and neck.
  • Wrap the fingers and toes.
  • Wrap the arms and legs.
  • Place the sacredamulets on the body.The most important isthe Ankh to protect thewelfare of thedeceased.“The amulet is a protectionfor this Great One, which willdrive off anyone who wouldperform a criminal actagainst him.” - The Book of theDead, 156th spell.
  • Read the appropriate spells fromThe Book of the Dead to ensureprotection and a safe passage forthe soul.
  • Tie the arms andlegs together.Remember toplace a copy ofThe Book of theDead betweenthe arms.
  • Completely wrap the rest of thebody.
  • Paint the wrappedbody with resin toseal and protect it.
  • Cover the body with a decorativecloth (we suggest using the imageof Osiris).
  • Wrap strips of linen around the bodyto keep the cloth in place. See thediagram below for best placement.
  • Lay the mummy inthe first coffin.Place that insidethe second coffin.
  • Hold the funeral and processionhonoring your beloved leader.
  • Perform the “Opening of the Mouth”Ceremony, so that the deceasedmay eat and drink in the next life.
  • Put the mummy into thesarcophagus. Have a highpriest perform last rites:“You will live again, you revivealways, you have become youngagain, you are young again andforever.”
  • Place the mummy in his final restingplace (pyramids are lovely, but you maywant to consider a more discrete tomb todiscourage grave robbers).
  • You have successfully ensured thatyour pharaoh will live forever!