The Battle of Gettysburg

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The Battle of Gettysburg

  1. 1. July 1-3, 1863
  2. 2.  The Battle of Gettysburg was fought from July 1st through July 3rd, 1863 in Gettysburg, PA.  Many historians consider the battle a major turning point in the American Civil War.  On November 19th, 1863 Pres. Abraham Lincoln delivered his famous “Gettysburg Address” at the dedication ceremony for the Gettysburg National Cemetery.
  3. 3. Confederacy (CSA) Union Gen. Robert E. Lee Gen. George Meade
  4. 4. As General Lee led his Army of Northern Virginia (71,000 soldiers) back into northern territory, he was met at Gettysburg by General Meade and his Army of the Potomac (93,000 soldiers). Meade’s forces took defense upon a ridge to the northwest side of town. Lee’s men attacked them, collapsing their defenses and sending them retreating back into town.
  5. 5. By Day 2 most of the majority of the two armies had finally arrived and assembled for battle. The Union army was in a fishhook shaped formation and was attacked on their left flank. Fierce fighting took place on such famous locations as “Little Round Top”, “Devil’s Den”, and “Culp’s Hill”. Despite losing many men, the Union army was able to repel the Confederate attack.
  6. 6. As fierce fighting continued on “Culp’s Hill”, the Confederate army geared up for one final assault, “Pickett’s Charge”. 12,500 Confederate soldiers attacked the center line of the Union defense but were turned back. This defeat left Lee and his Confederate army retreating back into Virginia.
  7. 7.  Approximately 51,000 soldiers (23,000 Union and 28,000 Confederate) were either wounded, killed, or captured.  One known civilian casualty: twenty year old Ginnie Wade was killed by a stray bullet that came through her kitchen.  On July 4th, Lee’s army began their retreat back south. His train of wounded and defeated men stretched 14 miles.
  8. 8.  What state did the Battle of Gettysburg take place in? Pennsylvania  What were the dates of the battle? July 1-3, 1863  Who were the two main generals? Gen. Robert E. Lee – Confederacy Gen. George Meade – Union  How many soldiers were either killed, wounded, or captured during the battle? 51,000
  9. 9. Who won the Battle of Gettysburg? The Union Army

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