An age of speculative philosophy, rather than scientific research.
An age of elaborate systems:
i) Love = courtship
ii) War = chivalry
iii) Society = the Great Chain of Being
iv) Universe = the four elements
v) Medicine = the four humours
vi) Philosophy = scholasticism
vii) Religion = Christianity
It was an age of synthesis and engagement : European culture in the middle ages adopted and perfected a coherent model of the universe. Individuals were engaged in the social and cosmic order.
The synthesis of theology, science and history created a single, complex, harmonious mental model from:
The renaissance in Europe was sparked by the rediscovery of ancient Greek and Roman texts. The values and ideas they contained led to a series of revolutions in European culture. The movement is called renaissance humanism . The new culture in Europe was human-centred or anthropocentric.
the notion of a major change in a certain thought-pattern — a radical change in personal beliefs, complex systems or organizations, replacing the former way of thinking or organizing with a radically different way of thinking or organizing.
The Modern World is an Age of Analysis …things come apart
All institutions and paradigms have radically transformed. However, by 1950 the modern world has ended and the values that energised society have lost their power to move people. The post-modern world is atomised and is characterised by feelings of alienation, pessimism, disenchantment and malaise.