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Guantanamo Bay Naval Station Joint Task Force Guantanamo “ Honor Bound to Defend Freedom”
"Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!"   You are now entering Navy territory….
The Windward Point Lighthouse has a long and interesting history. It's 60-feet tall, has 67 steps, and is topped by a copp...
<ul><li>The  U.S. Naval Base at Guantánamo Bay , the oldest existing U.S. military base outside U.S. territory, sits on a ...
The first U.S. presence on  Guantánamo Bay  was a Marine battalion that camped there on June 10, 1898, and the first Ameri...
<ul><li>The lease was established in a 1903 agreement between the two governments. A 1934 treaty reaffirming the lease gra...
<ul><li>Until the Cuban Revolution, thousands of locals commuted daily from outside the base to jobs within. In mid-1958, ...
<ul><li>Since the 1960s, the base has served as a strategic logistics point for the Navy's Atlantic Fleet and to support c...
<ul><li>The current Cuban government considers the U.S. presence in Guantánamo to be an illegal occupation of the area, an...
<ul><li>The Cuban-American Treaty gave, among other things, the Republic of Cuba ultimate sovereignty over Guantánamo Bay ...
Before the war on terrorism, the Navy maintained enough sailors at this remote base &quot;to keep the lights on,&quot;. No...
<ul><li>Since 2002, the naval base has contained a miltary prison, the Guantanamo Bay detention camp, for persons alleged ...
<ul><li>The first JTF personnel arrived at Guantanamo Bay on Jan. 6, 2002, and consisted of approximately 1,900 U.S. servi...
Camp X-ray <ul><li>Following the events of 9-11, the military operations in Afghanistan and the ensuing captures of numero...
 
The first detainees arrived at Camp X-Ray January 11, 2002. Though DoD officials stressed that the holding conditions at G...
<ul><li>Detainees at Camp X-Ray were housed in temporary 8-by-8 units surrounded by wire mesh.  They slept on 4-to-5 inch-...
<ul><li>Construction of the new detention facility officially began on February 27, 2002 and was done by Brown & Root Serv...
<ul><li>Camp Delta is comprised of at least 7 detention camps. These are Camps 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and Echo. Camps are number...
<ul><li>Camp 3 is the highest level maximum-security facility at Camp Delta. When an enemy combatant first arrives, he is ...
<ul><li>Each cell is an individual mesh cell measuring 6 feet eight inches wide by eight feet deep. Each cell has a squat ...
<ul><li>Camp 4 also has small, common recreational areas for playing board games and team sports. The most requested games...
<ul><li>Camp 5 differs from other camps at Camp Delta in that it is a two-story maximum-security multi-winged complex made...
<ul><li>An October 4, 2004,  Legal Times  articles mentioned that plans were underway to construct a new permanent facilit...
<ul><li>Camp Echo is located just outside the main facility. It is the detention facility where pre-commissions detainees ...
Camp Iguana is a lower-security detention facility dedicated to juvenile detainees aged between 13 to 15 years and brought...
<ul><li>U.S. Army Military Police make up the security force inside the camp.  </li></ul><ul><li>Camp rules are posted in ...
Detainee Processing <ul><li>When detainees arrive at Camp Delta, they are immediately taken to the in-processing building....
Detainee Provisions <ul><li>Clean laundry bundles provided to each detainee are made up of one sheet, two towels, one wash...
Meals <ul><li>Detainees receive three culturally appropriate meals a day, one of which is an MRE. To guard against detaine...
“ Faith Provisions” <ul><li>Policies have been enacted with regard to respecting the faith and practices of the detainees....
<ul><li>A majority of the detainees are not Afghans -- nor were they picked up in Afghanistan as U.S. troops fought the Ta...
<ul><li>The government's documents tie only eight of the 132 men directly to plans for terrorist attacks outside of Afghan...
<ul><li>According to one report, to qualify for transfer and detention at Camp Delta, Guantanamo, prisoners taken in Afgha...
<ul><li>According to a May 2, 2004 report in the Washington Post (&quot;Guantanamo -- A Holding Cell In War On Terror&quot...
Trials, commissions and hearings….
JTF-GTMO Public Affairs <ul><li>Command Information-  produces the weekly publication The Wire  </li></ul><ul><li>Public I...
<ul><li>“ For the most part we have weekends off except for maybe a photo shoot or sports event that needs to be covered. ...
U.S. Military Living Conditions
<ul><li>As of late November 2002, an additional new camp housing for JTF GTMO personnel had been opened. Dubbed Camp Ameri...
Local Wildlife
As of mid-2003, two unused seahuts, previously used as temporary housing, were being reconverted at Camp America into a cl...
Diving, Scuba Certification Paintball Frisbee Golf
Swimming Skate Park Bowling
Sports
 
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Gitmo

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Transcript of "Gitmo"

  1. 1. Guantanamo Bay Naval Station Joint Task Force Guantanamo “ Honor Bound to Defend Freedom”
  2. 2. &quot;Damn the torpedoes, full speed ahead!&quot; You are now entering Navy territory….
  3. 3. The Windward Point Lighthouse has a long and interesting history. It's 60-feet tall, has 67 steps, and is topped by a copper cupola and the inside is sleeved in tongue-and-groove mahogany and was built in 1904. In the early 80's the lighthouse became a historical landmark. Base History
  4. 4. <ul><li>The U.S. Naval Base at Guantánamo Bay , the oldest existing U.S. military base outside U.S. territory, sits on a 45-square-mile area (117.6 square kilometers) about the size of Manhattan Island. It is also the only US military base in a country with which the United States does not have diplomatic relations. </li></ul>Locale
  5. 5. The first U.S. presence on Guantánamo Bay was a Marine battalion that camped there on June 10, 1898, and the first American casualties of the Spanish-Cuban-American War were two marines killed there the following day. The U.S. fleet rode out the summer hurricane season of 1898 in Guantanamo’s excellent harbor. History
  6. 6. <ul><li>The lease was established in a 1903 agreement between the two governments. A 1934 treaty reaffirming the lease granted Cuba and her trading partners free access through the bay, modified the lease payment from $2,000 in U.S. gold coins per year, to the 1934 equivalent value of $4,085 in U.S. dollars, and made the lease permanent unless both governments agreed to break it or the U.S. abandoned the base property. </li></ul><ul><li>Only the first “rent” check was ever cashed and, according to Castro, this was done “accidentally”. The U.S. maintains that the cashing of this check ratifies the agreement between the two countries. </li></ul><ul><li>The base maintained a solid relationship with Cuba until the Cuban Revolution began in the late 1950s. Cuban territory was declared off-limits to U. S. servicemembers and civilians Jan. 1, 1959. President Dwight Eisenhower cut diplomatic relations with Cuba in January 1961. This is when U.S. Marines and Cuban soldiers began patrolling opposite sides of the base's 17.4-mile fence line. Today, U.S. Marines and Cuba's &quot;Frontier Brigade&quot; still man the fence. </li></ul>Legalities and Formalities
  7. 7. <ul><li>Until the Cuban Revolution, thousands of locals commuted daily from outside the base to jobs within. In mid-1958, vehicular traffic was stopped; workers were required to walk through the base's several gates. By 2006, only two elderly Cubans still crossed the base's North East Gate daily to work on the base; because the Cuban government prohibits new recruitment. </li></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>Since the 1960s, the base has served as a strategic logistics point for the Navy's Atlantic Fleet and to support counterdrug operations in the Caribbean. </li></ul><ul><li>Marines on the base still guard the fence line with Cuba via observation posts and roving patrols. The Cuban side of the fence remains mined, but all U.S. mines were removed the late 1990s. </li></ul><ul><li>It’s believed to have been more than 10 years since there's been even a minor incident between the two countries' guards. </li></ul>
  9. 9. <ul><li>The current Cuban government considers the U.S. presence in Guantánamo to be an illegal occupation of the area, and argues that the Cuban-American Treaty, which established the lease in 1903, now violates article 52 of the 1969 Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties. However, Article 4 of the same document states that the Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties shall not be retroactively applied to any treaties made before it. The U.S. also argues that its right to the base have been reaffirmed by Cuba since the original treaty. </li></ul>
  10. 10. <ul><li>The Cuban-American Treaty gave, among other things, the Republic of Cuba ultimate sovereignty over Guantánamo Bay while granting the United States &quot;complete jurisdiction and control&quot; of the area for coaling and naval stations. </li></ul><ul><li>The ongoing detention of prisoners at the base is in itself said to constitute a violation of the original treaty because it expands the use of the facility beyond coaling and naval stations. </li></ul>The Gitmo Controversy
  11. 11. Before the war on terrorism, the Navy maintained enough sailors at this remote base &quot;to keep the lights on,&quot;. Now, the population has quadrupled and construction is booming.
  12. 12. <ul><li>Since 2002, the naval base has contained a miltary prison, the Guantanamo Bay detention camp, for persons alleged to be militant combatants captured in Afghanistan and later in Iraq. </li></ul>
  13. 13. <ul><li>The first JTF personnel arrived at Guantanamo Bay on Jan. 6, 2002, and consisted of approximately 1,900 U.S. service members and civilians representing the Army, Navy, Air Force, Marine Corps and Coast Guard. The first detainees arrived on January 11 and were housed in the temporary detention facility known as Camp X-ray. </li></ul><ul><li>The JTF conducts 250 to 300 interrogations each week. The mission of JTF GTMO is to detain enemy combatants and gather intelligence to help the U.S. and its allies fight terrorism. The force includes about 2,200 military personnel and 500 civilians. </li></ul><ul><li>In its detention mission, the JTF has four- or five-man fire teams that run the cell blocks. They conduct between 400 and 500 cell moves every week to disrupt the informal leadership that develops among the prisoners. </li></ul>Joint Task Force Guantanamo Bay Mission
  14. 14. Camp X-ray <ul><li>Following the events of 9-11, the military operations in Afghanistan and the ensuing captures of numerous Al Qaida and Taliban individuals, a decision was made to transfer a number of detainees to the Camp X-Ray facility. The base was to serve as a temporary holding facility for Al Qaeda, Taliban and other detainees that come under U.S. control during the War on Terrorism. The U.S. Southern Command was in charge of the operation and activated Joint Task Force-160 (JTF-160) to head the detainee operations. </li></ul>The original task force included active duty service members from Fort Hood, TX; Fort Campbell, KY.; Roosevelt Roads, P.R.; Camp Lejeune; Norfolk, VA; Dover AFB, DE, and Charleston AFB, SC. Reserve component personnel were to also deploy on this mission. Military Police personnel were to make up the bulk of JTF-160.
  15. 16. The first detainees arrived at Camp X-Ray January 11, 2002. Though DoD officials stressed that the holding conditions at Guantanamo would be humane and in accordance with the Geneva Convention. The validity of that claim was questioned by some following the release by the DoD of pictures of the detainees at Camp X-Ray and amid concerns that the United States was applying international law selectively.
  16. 17. <ul><li>Detainees at Camp X-Ray were housed in temporary 8-by-8 units surrounded by wire mesh. They slept on 4-to-5 inch-thick mattresses with sheets and blankets. The mattresses were on the floor, as is Afghan custom. Each unit had a concrete slab floor and a combination wood & metal overhead cover. </li></ul><ul><li>Detention units were separated by chain link fence while razor wire and watchtowers surround the compound. Guards inside the compound carried no weapons, to prevent detainees from possibly capturing weapons. The guards outside the compound were armed, however. </li></ul>With the opening of Camp Delta, Camp X-ray was closed on April 29, 2002.
  17. 18. <ul><li>Construction of the new detention facility officially began on February 27, 2002 and was done by Brown & Root Services, as well as Navy SeaBees and Marine engineers. Camp Delta was initially a 612-unit detention facility. It is built on the site of a former facility made up of cinder-block buildings used years before during a Haitian refugee operation. </li></ul><ul><li>Each detention units is 8 feet long, 6 feet 8 inches wide and 8 feet tall and constructed with metal mesh material on a solid steel frame. Approximately 24 units make up a detention block. The facility has indoor plumbing with each unit having its own floor style flush toilet, metal bed-frame raised off the floor, and a sink with running water; none of which was available at Camp X-Ray where portable toilets were used instead. Areas at Camp Delta are also better controlled than Camp X-Ray and detainees are out of the sun more. There are also two recreation/exercise areas per detention block at Camp Delta. The maximum security portion of camp Delta is made up of three detention blocks. </li></ul>Camp Delta
  18. 19. <ul><li>Camp Delta is comprised of at least 7 detention camps. These are Camps 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6 and Echo. Camps are numbered according to the order in which they were built; not based on their order of precedence or level of security. Three of these (Camps 3, 2, 1) are maximum-security camps that can house about 800 detainees who live in solitary confinement. Camp 5 and 6, more permanent concrete and steel structures, have a separate entrance then the camps contained in Camp Delta. Camp Iguana is also separate from Camp Delta. As of January 2005, Officials were also looking to build an improved facility to house detainees who have a serious mental illness (about 8% of the detainee population). They were also planning on building a high tech fence that surrounds the perimeter of Camp Delta, in an effort to reduce the number of guards that are needed. </li></ul>
  19. 20. <ul><li>Camp 3 is the highest level maximum-security facility at Camp Delta. When an enemy combatant first arrives, he is held at Camp 3. Cells are 6 ft. 8 in. by 8 ft., with a squat-style toilet, a metal sink and a sleeping berth affixed to green steel-mesh walls. Detainees in Camp 3 wear orange uniforms. Detainees are allowed to exercise for about 30 minutes, three times a week, in a small exercise area. They are not allowed to exercise with others. They also not allowed to have a roll of toilet paper. They have to ask a guard to give them an appropriate size piece when they need it. Camp 3 hold about 10% of the total detainees at Camp Delta. </li></ul>Camp 3 Camp 2 Detainees that cooperate with JTF GTMO staff and help to develop intelligence are moved from Camp 3 to Camp 2. Detainees here still wear the orange uniforms. Cells are 6 ft. 8 in. by 8 ft., with a squat-style toilet, a metal sink and a sleeping berth affixed to green steel-mesh walls. Detainees are allowed to exercise for about 30 minutes, three times a week, in a small exercise area. They are not allowed to exercise with others. They also not allowed to have a roll of toilet paper. They have to ask a guard to give them an appropriate size piece when they need it. Detainees at Camp 2 are given some comfort items that are not allowed at Camp 3. Examples of these items include anti-dandruff shampoo and soft plastic pens-which have been bent so that they cannot be used as weapons. Camp 2 holds about 9% of the total detainees held at Camp Delta. Camps 2 and 3 are closed but remain available for future use as required.
  20. 21. <ul><li>Each cell is an individual mesh cell measuring 6 feet eight inches wide by eight feet deep. Each cell has a squat down toilet and a small metallic sink. Movement into and within the camp is funneled through &quot;sally ports,&quot; entrances and passageways with two gates. One gate must be closed before the next can be opened. Lights are kept on 24 hours a day and there is no air-conditoning. Exhaust fans are employed to give some partial relief. </li></ul><ul><li>They are also given canvas sneakers. Each detainee gets basic items such as a &quot;finger toothbrush&quot; -- short and stubby so it can't be used as a weapon -- toothpaste (it is given in a clear container, so guards don't have to squeeze out the contents during a search), soap, shampoo, plastic flip flops, and cotton underwear, shorts, pants and a shirt. They are not allowed to have a roll of toilet paper. They have to ask a guard to give them an appropriate size piece when they need it. Detainees that are well behaved are allowed to have an empty paper cup to drink water from. The cup is taken away if they use it for some other purpose than drinking water. Detainees are allowed to have thirty minutes of exercise time, in one of two exercise yards, three times a week. Pairs of detainees are allowed to kick around a soccer ball. Meals are delivered through a small window of the cell. It can only be opened from the outside by a guard. They are allowed showers in outdoor shower stalls after their exercise period. 31% of the total detainees are held in Camp 1. </li></ul>Detainees in Camp 1 are housed in individual cells with a toilet and sink. There are 10 cellblocks with 48 cells each. Uniform colors worn represent the level of compliancy. Detainees in Camp 1 may be eligible, based upon their compliance with camp rules, to move to communal housing in Camp 4. Few detainees remain in Camp 1. Camp 1
  21. 22. <ul><li>Camp 4 also has small, common recreational areas for playing board games and team sports. The most requested games include chess, checkers, and playing cards. These areas include covered picnic tables and a ping-pong table. They also have access to a soccer area and a volleyball court. Detainees eat together in their cell block. The food is brought by food-service personnel and the detainees are allowed to serve themselves. A guard watches to make sure that each detainee obtains an equal portion of food. Detainees are given ice cream every Sunday. They are allowed to have supplemental food items, such as yellow cheese, cream cheese, Fig Newtons, pound cake, figs, honey, peanut butter, single-serving cereal boxes, Kool-Aid and fruit cocktail. Detainees are also responsible for keeping their own area clean. </li></ul><ul><li>A librarian periodically visits the detainees and gives them access to reading materials. Many request copies of National Geographic. They can also, occasionally, watch some Arabic family TV shows, and soccer highlights. </li></ul><ul><li>Doors in Camp 4 are normally opened up with keys, but there can be a mechanical override issued from the command tower, known as Liberty Tower, if there is an emergency. 34% of all detainees are held in Camp 4. </li></ul>The detainees housed at Camp 4 live in 10-man bays. They wear white uniforms and share living spaces with other detainees. They are generally allowed to use outdoor exercise areas attached to their living bays up to 12 hours a day. Detainees may also use the Camp 4 garden and attend educational classes. Camp 4
  22. 23. <ul><li>Camp 5 differs from other camps at Camp Delta in that it is a two-story maximum-security multi-winged complex made of concrete and steel. It is surrounded by barbed wire for security purposes and green sheets in order to restrict the view. </li></ul><ul><li>Each cell is about 10 ft by 20 ft. All cells have a small toilet and sink. Some cells have overhanging sinks, and grab bars on the toilets for those detainees with a physical disability. The doors of the cells have two small openings. One is used to deliver food to the detainee and for the detainee to stick his hands out to be handcuffed before he emerges from his cell. The other opening is near the foot of the door and it is for the detainee to stick his feet out to be cuffed before he emerges from his cell. </li></ul><ul><li>The camp is run from a raised, glass-enclosed centralized control center that sits in the middle of the facility, giving the MPs a clear line of sight into both stories of each wing. The facility is completely computer controlled. Movement of the detainees are controlled and monitored by touch screens in that control center. Even the showers are controlled by the touch screens in the control center. Guards tell the computer to turn the showers on for a few minutes with a mild water temperature. All the rooms in the facility are monitored by cameras 24 hours a day, 7 days a week. Camp 5 is centrally air conditioned. Detainees are allowed access to one of eight 12 feet by 24 feet outdoor exercise area for about an hour a day. </li></ul>Camp 5 construction was based upon a modern air-conditioned two-story maximum-security design used for U.S. federal penitentiaries. Composed of four wings of 12 to 14 individual cells each, the facility holds about 100 individuals. Camp 5 detainees are deemed to be the highest threat to themselves, other detainees or guards. Most detainees that are housed here are of high intelligence value. Camp 5
  23. 24. <ul><li>An October 4, 2004, Legal Times articles mentioned that plans were underway to construct a new permanent facility dubbed &quot;Camp 6&quot; at Camp Delta. The new facility would reportedly hold 200 detainees and would cost $24 million to build. It, along with Camp 5, would be the only permanent detention facility at Guantanamo Bay. Camp 6 was expected to comply with American Corrections Association standards regarding the prison's daily operations and to be used for long-term incarcerations and rehabilitations. The camp is modeled after a jail in Lenawee County, Michigan. Construction began in October of 2005 and was expected to be completed in mid-June 2006, with the general contractor being Kellogg Brown & Root Services. Upon completion, Camp 6 is expected to be able to hold about 200 detainees. </li></ul><ul><li>Camp 6 is to build on the success that Camp 4 produced with regards to promoting good behavior among detainees. The camp is to offer more communal living, increased access to exercise areas, activities, mail and foreign-language materials, and enhanced medical facilities. </li></ul>Camp 6 construction was based upon a modern air-conditioned two-story medium-security design modified for maximum security that can accommodate approximately 160 detainees. Camp 6 provides a climate-controlled environment making it easier for the guard force to provide security and improve the living conditions for detainees. Both compliant and non-compliant detainees reside here. Camp 6
  24. 25. <ul><li>Camp Echo is located just outside the main facility. It is the detention facility where pre-commissions detainees are held. Detainees whom the President of the United States has selected for the Military Commissions are separated from the general population and moved there. The location allows access by detainees to their lawyers and to hold private conversations with them. Detainees are also allowed to keep pen, paper, legal documents, and other such materials that they would not be allowed to have in Camp Delta. </li></ul><ul><li>Camp Echo is composed of more than a dozen single-story concrete-block buildings. Each building is divided in half. Inside is a steel cage, a restroom, and a table for interviews and interrogations. This allows detainees to meet with their lawyer in an area of their own cell, but also to be guarded by MPs 24 hours a day. Detainees in Camp Echo are not in solitary confinement. Besides meeting with their lawyers, they receive regular visits from medical staff and numerous visits from the International Committee of the Red Cross. </li></ul>Camp Echo
  25. 26. Camp Iguana is a lower-security detention facility dedicated to juvenile detainees aged between 13 to 15 years and brought to Guantanamo Bay. Detainees 16 years and older are housed with the other detainees in Camp Delta. According to media reports, the facility consists of at least one-story blockhouse, surrounded by a a patch of grass and a high green-mesh fence. Detainees there are able to overlook the sea through a 30 by 7 feet gap that is protected by chicken wire. They are allowed to throw a football around or play soccer in the outside exercise area. According to an article in the London Sunday Times on June 26, 2003, the living quarters are air-conditioned and consist of &quot;a bedroom with twin beds, a small living room with two armchairs, sofa and television, and a bathroom and kitchenette&quot;, with an oven present for aesthetic reasons, and a refrigerator whose fruit and desserts contents are reportedly handed as part of a reward system. A line of black tape on the floor separates the living room and kitchen areas while privacy in the bathroom is handled by a blue curtain. Detainees were also tutored in math and geography in their native language. They underwent group therapy and counseling sessions. The three juvenile detainees that were kept in Camp Iguana were released in January of 2004. The camp was then temporarily shut down until August of 2005. Detainees who are deemed not to be enemy combatants, or who are to be transferred to their home country, are now sent to Camp Iguana until arrangements can be made to release or transfer them. These detainees will have their own bunk house, unlimited showers, additional food, and access to a microwave oven and a coffee maker. They would also have the ability to watch TV around the clock with additional access to a VCR, a DVD player, and a stereo system. Camp Iguana
  26. 27. <ul><li>U.S. Army Military Police make up the security force inside the camp. </li></ul><ul><li>Camp rules are posted in four languages-Arabic, Farsi, Urdu, and Pashto-in the exercise areas of each camp. </li></ul>
  27. 28. Detainee Processing <ul><li>When detainees arrive at Camp Delta, they are immediately taken to the in-processing building. The inside of the building resembles an unfinished home. It is divided into various rooms for all the different processes. For a group of about thirty detainees, the in-processing session takes about two to three hours. Detainees take showers, are deloused, and are issued their comfort items. They also undergo a medical examination which includes a chest X-ray. The chest X-ray is to check for tuberculosis(TB). Detainees keep a medical mask on during the processing to prevent to spread of TB, at least two detainees have had positive cases of TB. Detainees are also fingerprinted, photographed, and given ID bracelets. They are also given the option to send a short post card to their families to say where they are and that they are safe. </li></ul>
  28. 29. Detainee Provisions <ul><li>Clean laundry bundles provided to each detainee are made up of one sheet, two towels, one washcloth, one orange bottom (pants), one orange bottom (shorts), one orange bottom top (shirt), a sheet and two blankets. They are also provided a prayer cap, flip-flop shoes, a foam sleeping mattress, a blanket, a 1/2 inch thick prayer mat, soap, shampoo, a toothbrush, toothpaste, and a one-quart canteen. Detainees are also given a copy of the Koran. </li></ul>
  29. 30. Meals <ul><li>Detainees receive three culturally appropriate meals a day, one of which is an MRE. To guard against detainees fashioning &quot;make-shift&quot; weapons, special procedures have been put in place. Special arrangements were made with the MRE manufacturer to ensure that these MRE's would have neither cardboard packaging, heating units, accessory pack, nor candy. In addition, Military Police personnel are tasked with sanitizing each MRE, and removing toilet paper, the plastic wrapper off the spoon, a bag of spiced cider, and any additional material deemed to pose a potential threat. This includes salt, with each detainee allowed only one salt. Material given to each detainee for meals in his cell is accounted for once the meal is finished. </li></ul>Two weeks in advance, the detainees are given a menu that consists of six different meal choices. These choices are vegetarian, bland, regular meal, soft, fish, and high fiber. The main meal usually includes noodles, fish, meat, vegetable patty or poultry, along with cooked vegetables. The detainees are given a choice of side items. If a detainee decides to eat each meal offered, they will receive between 5,200 to 5,700 calories a day.
  30. 31. “ Faith Provisions” <ul><li>Policies have been enacted with regard to respecting the faith and practices of the detainees. Each detainee is given a Koran in their language, and a surgical mask. The surgical mask is used as storage for the Koran. It is hung from the wall in the cell of the detainee. There is a recorded call to prayer that is broadcast five times a day. During the broadcast, a yellow traffic cone, with a big &quot;P&quot; stenciled on it, is placed at the center of each cell block. This is a signal to the guards to maintain a respectful silence while the detainees are praying. There are also arrows around the camp that point in the direction of Mecca. Certain &quot;comfort&quot; items are provided to detainees that comply with the rules of the camp. These items include a prayer rug, perfume oil, and prayer beads. About 64% of detainees have received all of these comfort items. </li></ul>
  31. 32. <ul><li>A majority of the detainees are not Afghans -- nor were they picked up in Afghanistan as U.S. troops fought the Taliban and Al Qaeda, nor were they picked up by American troops at all. Most are from Arab countries, and most were arrested in Pakistan by Pakistani authorities. </li></ul><ul><li>Just 57 of the 132 men, or 43 percent, are accused of being on a battlefield in post-9/11 Afghanistan. </li></ul>02/03/06- “As a result of the habeas corpus petitions filed by attorneys representing Guantanamo detainees, the Defense Department has had to file court documents on 132 of the enemy combatants, or just under a quarter of the prison’s population.” Who are they?
  32. 33. <ul><li>The government's documents tie only eight of the 132 men directly to plans for terrorist attacks outside of Afghanistan. One of the eight, an Australian fundamentalist Muslim, admitted that he trained several of the 9/11 hijackers and intended to hijack a plane himself; another of the eight, a Briton, is said to have targeted 33 Jewish organizations in New York City. Both men were released to their home governments in January 2005. Neither one is facing charges at home. The Australian says he falsely confessed while undergoing torture in Egypt; the Australian government, which was watching him well before 9/11, has revoked his passport but has said it lacks sufficient information to press terrorism charges against him. The British man was cleared after a few hours of questioning in London. The remaining six of the eight were arrested in Sarajevo, Bosnia, after being accused of planning to attack the American Embassy there; the charge was investigated and dismissed by a judge. The country's human-rights chamber issued an order prohibiting the men from being taken out of the country. The Americans seized them anyway. </li></ul>
  33. 34. <ul><li>According to one report, to qualify for transfer and detention at Camp Delta, Guantanamo, prisoners taken in Afghanistan must meet any one of the following criteria: </li></ul><ul><li>-Be a foreign national; </li></ul><ul><li>-Have received training from Al-Qaeda; or </li></ul><ul><li>-Be in command of 300 or more personnel. </li></ul>How do they get there?
  34. 35. <ul><li>According to a May 2, 2004 report in the Washington Post (&quot;Guantanamo -- A Holding Cell In War On Terror&quot; by Scott Higham, Joe Stephens and Margot Williams), about $118 million was being spent per year to run the prison facilities and other related operations. Additionally contracts worth $110 million and $14.5 million had respectively been awarded to KBR, the latter for the construction of a criminal investigation task force headquarters facility. </li></ul>How much does it cost?
  35. 36. Trials, commissions and hearings….
  36. 37. JTF-GTMO Public Affairs <ul><li>Command Information- produces the weekly publication The Wire </li></ul><ul><li>Public Information- Takes photos for DV visits, promotions, and also manages the website http://www.jtfgtmo.southcom.mil/ (both intranet and internet), and marketing </li></ul><ul><li>Media Relations- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Commissions: handles the external media touring Guantanamo as well as the media that is here for the commissioning process </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Broadcast: Broadcast produces audio packages for the local radio station and has a radio show as well </li></ul></ul>
  37. 38. <ul><li>“ For the most part we have weekends off except for maybe a photo shoot or sports event that needs to be covered. But missions on the weekend are usually done in civilian clothes.” </li></ul><ul><li>“ We have a 12-hour CQ duty once a month checking ID's at the headquarters here. It's not bad at all but there is a bit of pomp-and-circumstance with the Navy officers that us Army Soldiers weren’t used to.” </li></ul>Other pertinent information
  38. 39. U.S. Military Living Conditions
  39. 40. <ul><li>As of late November 2002, an additional new camp housing for JTF GTMO personnel had been opened. Dubbed Camp America North, the facility is equipped with hard roofs and indoor latrines. </li></ul><ul><li>As of mid-August 2003, construction work was underway for Camp America North II, also known as Camp America North North, a mirror image of Camp America North. The new housing units were scheduled to house an additional 400 JTF troops. Both Camp America North I/II were scheduled to be upgraded with kitchenettes and other creature comforts. Each house is to accommodate six soldiers and contain a washroom with a toilet and sink. The housing area is to include two male and two female toilet-shower combinations, a kitchenette, barbecue area, and basketball court. The contractual completion date for Camp America North II was December 10, 2003. </li></ul><ul><li>The camp will include six administrative offices, four MWR buildings, two classrooms and a chapel office. A medical clinic will also function at the new camp. The Camp America Joint Aid Station will move to Camp America North North, expanding into a full clinic. The JTF expected the building to be finished by mid November and to have the clinic functioning within two weeks of that date. </li></ul><ul><li>In December of 2005, construction began on a new facility to house more JTF troops. It is scheduled to be completed around the end of May 2006. This facility is being built behind the Gold Hill Galley. This new facility is considered to have better accommodations than the current housing available for the JTF troops. It will be able to house about 200 troops and include a parking lot. The rooms in this facility will be divided into two separate private bedrooms. Each bedroom will be a minimum of 270 square feel and will feature a bed, a writing table, a dresser, and a wardrobe. There will be a single bathroom that is shared by the two occupants of the rooms. There will be window air conditioning and hook ups for phones and cable television. </li></ul>Camp America North
  40. 41. Local Wildlife
  41. 42. As of mid-2003, two unused seahuts, previously used as temporary housing, were being reconverted at Camp America into a club, dubbed 'Club Survivor'. The facility was to comprise of a bar in one building, and of and indoor, air-conditioned lounge in the other. The facility opened on July 11, 2003. Plans also called for the construction of a new 3,000 square foot Mini-Mart starting the first week of September and opening for business by the end of October. The structure would consist of five pre-fabricated foul-weather resistant buildings and would be located in the Seaside Galley parking lot. MWR
  42. 43. Diving, Scuba Certification Paintball Frisbee Golf
  43. 44. Swimming Skate Park Bowling
  44. 45. Sports
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