Your SlideShare is downloading. ×
0
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Erp
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in...5
×

Thanks for flagging this SlideShare!

Oops! An error has occurred.

×
Saving this for later? Get the SlideShare app to save on your phone or tablet. Read anywhere, anytime – even offline.
Text the download link to your phone
Standard text messaging rates apply

Erp

174

Published on

Published in: Engineering, Technology, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total Views
174
On Slideshare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
0
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
2
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

Report content
Flagged as inappropriate Flag as inappropriate
Flag as inappropriate

Select your reason for flagging this presentation as inappropriate.

Cancel
No notes for slide
  • Large Fortune 500 Companies……..SME’s
    ERP enable the supply chain
  • Transcript

    • 1. EEnterprisenterprise RResourceesource PPlanninglanning
    • 2. ERP DefinitionERP Definition ERP combines business processes/functions of variousERP combines business processes/functions of various departments of an organization into a single, integrateddepartments of an organization into a single, integrated software that runs off a single database so that all thesoftware that runs off a single database so that all the departments can more easily share the information anddepartments can more easily share the information and communicate with each other.communicate with each other.
    • 3. 1960s 1970s 1980s 1990s Inventory Management & Control Material Requirement Planning (MRP) Manufacturing Requirement Planning (MRP II) Enterprise Requirement Planning (ERP)
    • 4. • Speed and power of computingSpeed and power of computing – Hardware (servers and disk) now cheap and fast – makes ERPHardware (servers and disk) now cheap and fast – makes ERP feasiblefeasible – Happened in the 90s.Happened in the 90s. • Increasingly complex business environmentIncreasingly complex business environment – Organizational complexityOrganizational complexity – Increasingly demanding customersIncreasingly demanding customers – GlobalizationGlobalization – Increased competitionIncreased competition • Increasingly sophisticated software needsIncreasingly sophisticated software needs – ‘‘Legacy’ systems break under the strain of….all of the aboveLegacy’ systems break under the strain of….all of the above Factors in development of ERPFactors in development of ERP
    • 5. ERP MythsERP Myths ERPERP • means more work and proceduresmeans more work and procedures • Will make many employees redundant and joblessWill make many employees redundant and jobless • Is the sole responsibility of the managementIs the sole responsibility of the management • Is just for the managers/ decision makersIs just for the managers/ decision makers • Is just for manufacturing companiesIs just for manufacturing companies • Is just for the ERP implementation teamIs just for the ERP implementation team • Slows down the organizationSlows down the organization • Is just to impress the customersIs just to impress the customers • Will take care everythingWill take care everything
    • 6. AdvantagesAdvantages • Information integrationInformation integration • Design engineeringDesign engineering • Order trackingOrder tracking • Protection against embezzlement and industrialProtection against embezzlement and industrial espionageespionage • Reduces the burden of paperworkReduces the burden of paperwork • Easy transactionEasy transaction • Ensures efficient customer serviceEnsures efficient customer service • Eliminates redundancy in data entryEliminates redundancy in data entry • Suitable for global operationsSuitable for global operations
    • 7. How does ERP create value?How does ERP create value? • It integrates a broad range of business functionsIt integrates a broad range of business functions • It allows diverse enterprises to standardizeIt allows diverse enterprises to standardize • It stops dataIt stops data redundancyredundancy and synchronizationand synchronization – Data stored in one placeData stored in one place – ““One version of the truth”One version of the truth” • It provides simultaneous access to real-time dataIt provides simultaneous access to real-time data • It facilitates communication inside and outside theIt facilitates communication inside and outside the enterpriseenterprise • It provides a foundation for e-BusinessIt provides a foundation for e-Business
    • 8. 9 Functional areas of operationFunctional areas of operation • Marketing and SalesMarketing and Sales • Production and Materials ManagementProduction and Materials Management • Accounting and FinanceAccounting and Finance • Human ResourcesHuman Resources
    • 9. 10 Marketing and SalesMarketing and Sales • Determine pricingDetermine pricing • Take customer ordersTake customer orders • Create sales forecastCreate sales forecast
    • 10. 11 Production and Materials ManagementProduction and Materials Management • PlanningPlanning • Need accurateNeed accurate forecasts fromforecasts from Marketing and SalesMarketing and Sales • Compare costs withCompare costs with AccountingAccounting
    • 11. 12 Accounting and FinanceAccounting and Finance • Record transactionsRecord transactions • Summarize dataSummarize data
    • 12. 13 Human ResourcesHuman Resources • RecruitRecruit • TrainTrain • EvaluateEvaluate • CompensateCompensate • Dehire (retire or fire)Dehire (retire or fire)
    • 13. ERP IMPLEMENTATIONERP IMPLEMENTATION LIFE CYCLELIFE CYCLE
    • 14. Enterprise resource planningEnterprise resource planning • ERP covers the technique and conceptsERP covers the technique and concepts employed for the integrated management ofemployed for the integrated management of business as a whole,business as a whole, • ERP packages are integrated software packagesERP packages are integrated software packages that support the above ERP concepts.that support the above ERP concepts.
    • 15. Different phases of ERPDifferent phases of ERP • Pre evaluation ScreeningPre evaluation Screening • Evaluation PackageEvaluation Package • Project PlanningProject Planning • GAP analysisGAP analysis • ReengineeringReengineering • Team trainingTeam training • TestingTesting • Post implementationPost implementation
    • 16. Pre-selection Process Package Evaluation Project Planning Gap Analysis Reengineering Configuration Implementation Team Training Testing End- user Training Going Live Post – implementation Phase ERP implementation Life Cycle
    • 17. Pre evaluation screeningPre evaluation screening • Decision for perfect packageDecision for perfect package • Number of ERP vendorsNumber of ERP vendors • Screening eliminates the packages that are notScreening eliminates the packages that are not at all suitable for the companyat all suitable for the company’’s businesss business processes.processes. • Selection is done on best few packageSelection is done on best few package available.available.
    • 18. Package EvaluationPackage Evaluation • Package is selected on the basis of differentPackage is selected on the basis of different parameter.parameter. • Test and certify the package and also check theTest and certify the package and also check the coordination with different departmentcoordination with different department • Selected package will determine the success orSelected package will determine the success or failure of the project.failure of the project.
    • 19. Cont.Cont. • Package must be user friendlyPackage must be user friendly • Regular up gradation should available.Regular up gradation should available. • CostCost
    • 20. Project planningProject planning • Designs the implementation process.Designs the implementation process. • Resources are identified.Resources are identified. • Implementation team is selected and taskImplementation team is selected and task allocated.allocated. • Special arrangement for contegencies.Special arrangement for contegencies.
    • 21. Gap analysisGap analysis • Most crucial phase.Most crucial phase. • Process through which company can create aProcess through which company can create a model of where they are standing now andmodel of where they are standing now and where they want to go.where they want to go. • Model help the company to cover the functionalModel help the company to cover the functional gapgap
    • 22. ReengineeringReengineering • Implementation is going to involve a significantImplementation is going to involve a significant change in number of employees and their jobchange in number of employees and their job responsibilities.responsibilities. • Process become more automated and efficient.Process become more automated and efficient.
    • 23. Team TrainingTeam Training • Takes place along with the process ofTakes place along with the process of implementation.implementation. • Company trains its employees to implementCompany trains its employees to implement and later, run the system.and later, run the system. • Employee become self sufficient to implementEmployee become self sufficient to implement the software after the vendors and consultantthe software after the vendors and consultant have left.have left.
    • 24. TestingTesting • This phase is performed to find the weak link soThis phase is performed to find the weak link so that it can be rectified before itsthat it can be rectified before its implementation.implementation.
    • 25. Going LiveGoing Live • The work is complete, data conversion is done,The work is complete, data conversion is done, databases are up and running, the configurationdatabases are up and running, the configuration is complete & testing is done.is complete & testing is done. • The system is officially proclaimed.The system is officially proclaimed. • Once the system is live the old system isOnce the system is live the old system is removedremoved
    • 26. End User TrainingEnd User Training • The employee who is going to use the systemThe employee who is going to use the system are identified and trained.are identified and trained.
    • 27. Post ImplementationPost Implementation • This is the maintenance phase.This is the maintenance phase. • Employees who are trained enough to handleEmployees who are trained enough to handle problems those crops up time to time.problems those crops up time to time. • The post implementation will need a differentThe post implementation will need a different set of roles and skills than those with lessset of roles and skills than those with less integrated kind of systems.integrated kind of systems.
    • 28. • An organization can get the maximum value of theseAn organization can get the maximum value of these inputs if it successfully adopts and effectively uses theinputs if it successfully adopts and effectively uses the system.system.

    ×