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  • 1. BuroHappoldBuroHappold challenges in delivering smart solutions to energy efficient cities 12th March 2014 British Council SMART Cities Conference Damien Kerkhof – Director Malaysia
  • 2. BuroHappold SMART City Definition BuroHappold © Buro Happold 2013
  • 3. BuroHappold  City planning and Sustainable Urban Development should always encompass 4 interrelated themes • Governance and Growth • Environment and Natural Resources • Urban Development and Infrastructure • Society and Community  Design and Planning needs to be integrated The City © Buro Happold 2013
  • 4. BuroHappold SMART City What is a SMART City?  A SMART City is a Living City. • Sustainable Urban Development + Urban Intelligence + © Buro Happold 2013
  • 5. BuroHappold SMART City © Buro Happold 2013
  • 6. BuroHappold SMART City © Buro Happold 2013
  • 7. BuroHappold SMART City © Buro Happold 2013
  • 8. BuroHappold SMART City Challenges BuroHappold © Buro Happold 2013
  • 9. BuroHappold SMART City features © Buro Happold 2013 What are the key elements that make a SMART City ? …. and importantly how can they be funded.
  • 10. BuroHappold SMART City features © Buro Happold 2013 Cutting edge transport infrastructure ?
  • 11. BuroHappold SMART City features © Buro Happold 2013 Cutting edge transport infrastructure ? …. most investors would find a return on infrastructure expenditure more attractive than cutting edge design.
  • 12. BuroHappold SMART City features © Buro Happold 2013 The High Line New York Adopting designs that have worked elsewhere ?
  • 13. BuroHappold SMART City features © Buro Happold 2013 Olympic Park London Adopting designs that have worked elsewhere ?
  • 14. BuroHappold Sustainability aspirations © Buro Happold 2013 What level of sustainability aspiration is right for your SMART City / Development ? SMART City Development
  • 15. BuroHappold Sustainability aspirations © Buro Happold 2013 What level of sustainability aspiration is right for your SMART City / Development ? ?
  • 16. BuroHappold What can the market afford ? © Buro Happold 2013 Regional and Comparative Rental Rates.  Malaysia office rental rates circa 6-10 RM/sf/month  Singapore – 2 to 3 times.  Hong Kong – 6 to 7 times.  West End London – up to 10 times.
  • 17. BuroHappold Funded solutions © Buro Happold 2013 Wembley City London
  • 18. BuroHappold Malaysia Specific Issues BuroHappold © Buro Happold 2013
  • 19. BuroHappold SMART Key Challenges A large body of policy already exists in Malaysia impacting SMART City Design © Buro Happold 2013
  • 20. BuroHappold SMART City Implementation Key Challenges in Malaysia BuroHappold © Buro Happold 2013
  • 21. BuroHappold District Cooling – Capex Savings Capex Savings #1 © Buro Happold 2013 Reduced installed cooling capacity through mixed use load diversity – diversity depends on how tight peak load has been calculated Peak loads vary between 20 – 50m2/RT – with Typical diversity of 70-90% of peak
  • 22. BuroHappold District Cooling – Capex Savings Capex Savings #2 © Buro Happold 2013 Reduced installed cooling capacity through diurnal load shift
  • 23. BuroHappold District Cooling – Capex Savings Capex Savings #3 © Buro Happold 2013
  • 24. BuroHappold District Cooling – Capex Savings Factors impacting Payback Curve  Management of Connection Agreements  Improvements in building NFA (through removal of plant, risers etc)  Market suitability of tariff's and charges  Development risk  Savings in overarching power usage  Project phasing © Buro Happold 2013
  • 25. BuroHappold Power Drivers for private power supply and distribution  Security of supply and control over resilience  Substantial land savings through control of easements and primary infrastructure  Easier control and management of public realm infrastructure  Difference between bulk supply and retail electricity tariff’s  Control of delivery with a minimum loss of land capacity © Buro Happold 2013 Factors impacting payback curve  Energy pricing (impacts on cogen and other on-site production options)  Difference between bulk supply and retail electricity tariff’s
  • 26. BuroHappold Applications in the Malaysian Market BuroHappold © Buro Happold 2013
  • 27. BuroHappold SMART City Planning What are the key factors to consider in the planning of SMART City infrastructure  Wider Strategy • Linking SMART City aspirations with regional goals and objectives  Business Model • Understanding the ROI • Understanding how private finance can lessen the infrastructure cashflow burden and potentially develop income streams  Citizen and Market engagement  Technology • Understand market maturity, appetite and undertake a benchmarking analysis • Test to ensure that SMART technologies provide some form of return  Infrastructure • Integrated future proofed infrastructure i.e. flexible, © Buro Happold 2013
  • 28. BuroHappold SMART City Planning: VISION – INTELLIGENCE - ENGAGEMENT © Buro Happold 2013
  • 29. BuroHappoldBuroHappold challenges in delivering smart solutions to energy efficient cities 12th March 2014 British Council SMART Cities Conference Damien Kerkhof – Director Malaysia
  • 30. BuroHappold www.burohappold.com © Buro Happold 2013