Whiskey or whisky refers to a broad category of alcoholic beverages that are distilled from fermented grain mash and aged in wooden casks.
Whiskey making process
Whiskey’s can be made
from a variety of cereals
depending on their types
These cereals are
The process which converts barley to MALT( refer to malting process in making of beer)
The Process #2
Which produces WORT (sugar solution) from ground or crushed MALT.
The Process #3
A process that produces WASH (a weak, crude, impure spirit) consequent upon the introduction of YEAST in the WORT.
The Process #4
The process that strengthens and purifies the spirit contained in the WASH and also separates the solids contained in the spirituous liquor.
The process that transforms the raw SPIRIT
BOTTLING: After the period of maturation the spirit is bottled to be sold.
The different types
of whiskies/whiskeys are:
Must be distilled at a Scottish distillery from water and malted barley, to which only other whole grains may be added, have been processed at that distillery into a mash, and fermented only by the addition of yeast.
Must be matured in Scotland in oak casks for not less than three years.
Must not contain any added substance other than water and caramel colour.
Types of Scotch
Single Malt Whisky
It is a malt whisky from one distillery.
(Glenfiddich, Glenmorangie, The Macallan, Balvenie, Glenlivet, Highland Park, Lagavulin, Laphroaig)
Blended Scotch whisky It is a mixture of malt and grain whisky. (Johnnie Walker, Cutty Sark, Famous Grouse, Chivas Regal)
It is a whiskey made in Ireland.
The grains used in making of Irish whiskey are barley, rye and corn.
Irish whiskey has to be distilled thrice and matured for at least three years. No peat fire is used to dry the malt
American Whiskey Kentucky Tennessee These Whiskeys are called Bourbons Made not less than 51% corn with Malted barley. Rye is also used Barrels used are charred / toasted and made of American oak Eg – Wild Turkey, Maker’s Mark and Jim beam Whiskeys are produced form a sour mash. Produces some of the world’s richest and smoothest whiskies. Charred in oak casks and then filtered through a mass of charcoal Eg- Jack Daniel’s no 7
Made from blends of different grains
Rye, Corn and Malted Barley
They have a reputation of being the lightest of all classic whiskies.
Famous Brands – Canadian Club and Crown Royal
Made from various distilled spirits from predominantly molasses but nowadays barley malt is also used.
Some of the famous Indian whiskies are : Royal Challenge, Bagpiper, Antiquity
Service of Whiskey
Whiskey is served in the following ways:
On the rocks
Whiskey is generally served in an old fashioned glass