trade union

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trade union

  1. 1. TRADE UNIONS AND COLLECTIVE BARGAINING
  2. 2. TRADE UNION <ul><li>A trade union or labor union is an organization of workers who have banded together to achieve common goals in key areas such as wages, hours, and working conditions. The trade union, through its leadership, bargains with the employer on behalf of union members (rank and file members) and negotiates labor contracts (Collective bargaining) with employers. This may include the negotiation of wages, work rules, complaint procedures, rules governing hiring, firing and promotion of workers, benefits, workplace safety and policies. The agreements negotiated by the union leaders are binding on the rank and file members and the employer and in some cases on other non-member workers. </li></ul>
  3. 3. TRADE UNIONS IN INDIA <ul><li>The Indian workforce consists of 430 million workers, growing 2% annually. The Indian labor markets consist of three sectors: </li></ul><ul><li>The rural workers, who constitute about 60 per cent of the workforce. </li></ul><ul><li>Organized sector, which employs 8 per cent of workforce, and </li></ul><ul><li>The urban informal sector (which includes the growing software industry and other services, not included in the formal sector) which constitutes the rest 32 per cent of the workforce. </li></ul>
  4. 4. STRUCTURE OF TRADE UNIONS <ul><li>Members - people who pay a subscription to belong to a union </li></ul><ul><li>Shop stewards - called union representatives - who are elected by members of the union to represent them to management </li></ul><ul><li>Branches - which support union members in different organizations locally. The branch secretary is elected by local members </li></ul><ul><li>District and/or regional offices - these are usually staffed by full time union officials. These are people who are paid to offer advice and support to union members locally </li></ul><ul><li>National office - the union’s headquarters which offers support to union members and negotiates or campaigns for improvements to their working conditions. There is usually a General Secretary and a National Executive Committee, elected by the union's members. </li></ul>NATIONAL OFFICE DISTRICT/ REGIONAL OFFICE BRANCHES SHOP STEWARDS MEMBERS
  5. 5. OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Representation </li></ul><ul><li>Negotiation </li></ul><ul><li>Voice in decisions affecting workers </li></ul><ul><li>Member Services </li></ul><ul><li>Education & Training </li></ul><ul><li>Legal Assistance </li></ul><ul><li>Financial Accounts </li></ul><ul><li>Welfare Benefits </li></ul>
  6. 6. FUNCTIONS <ul><li>To achieve higher wages and better working conditions </li></ul><ul><li>To raise the status of workers as a part of industry </li></ul><ul><li>To protect labors against victimization and injustice </li></ul><ul><li>To take up welfare measures for improving the morale of workers </li></ul><ul><li>To generate self confidence among workers </li></ul><ul><li>To encourage sincerity and discipline among workers </li></ul><ul><li>To provide opportunities for promotion and growth </li></ul><ul><li>To protect women workers against discrimination </li></ul>
  7. 7. CHARACTERISTICS <ul><ul><li>Trade Unions maybe associated with either of employers/ employees or independent workers. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Labor Unions are relatively permanent combination of workers & are not temporary or casual. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A Trade Union is an association of workers who are engaged in securing economic benefit for their members. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade Unions change their methods & their working style according to the change in technology & systems of production. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Trade Unions have now become legalized & recognized institutions. </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. IMPORTANCE <ul><li>by helping in the recruitment and selection of workers. </li></ul><ul><li>by inculcating discipline among the workforce </li></ul><ul><li>by enabling settlement of industrial disputes in a rational manner </li></ul><ul><li>by helping social adjustments. Workers have to adjust themselves to the new working conditions, the new rules and policies. Workers coming from different backgrounds may become disorganized, unsatisfied and frustrated. Unions help them in such adjustment. </li></ul><ul><li>promoting and maintaining national integration by reducing the number of industrial disputes </li></ul><ul><li>incorporating a sense of corporate social responsibility in workers </li></ul><ul><li>achieving industrial peace </li></ul>
  9. 9. CAUSES OF INDUSTRIAL DISPUTES
  10. 10. METHODS USED BY TRADE UNIONS TO ACHIEVE THEIR OBJECTIVES <ul><li>Mutual insurance </li></ul><ul><li>Collective bargaining </li></ul><ul><li>Legal enactments/ political actions </li></ul><ul><li>Strikes </li></ul><ul><li>Bandhs </li></ul><ul><li>Gheraos </li></ul><ul><li>Boycott </li></ul><ul><li>Lockout </li></ul><ul><li>Picketing </li></ul>
  11. 11. MAIN PROBLEMS OF TRADE UNIONS <ul><li>Uneven growth </li></ul><ul><li>Small size of the union </li></ul><ul><li>Financial weakness </li></ul><ul><li>Multiplicity of unions & inter-union rivalry </li></ul><ul><li>Leadership issues </li></ul><ul><li>Politics in unions </li></ul><ul><li>Problems of recognition of trade union </li></ul>
  12. 12. METHODS OF SETTELEMENT <ul><li>Collective Bargaining </li></ul><ul><li>Mediation- Mediation, a form of alternative dispute resolution (ADR) which aims to assist 2 (or more) disputants in reaching an agreement. Whether an agreement results or not, and the content of that agreement (if any) the parties themselves determine — rather than accepting something imposed by a third party. </li></ul><ul><li>Conciliation- One significant difference between conciliation and mediation lies in the fact that conciliators possess expert knowledge of the domain in which they conciliate. The conciliator can make suggestions for settlement terms and can give advice on the subject-matter. Conciliators may also use their role to actively encourage the parties to come to a resolution. </li></ul>
  13. 13. RECOMMENDATIONS <ul><li>Strong and Stable Union </li></ul><ul><li>Mutual Trust </li></ul><ul><li>Workers’ Participation in Management </li></ul><ul><li>Mutual Accommodation </li></ul><ul><li>Sincere Implementation of Agreements </li></ul><ul><li>Sound Personnel Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Government’s Role </li></ul><ul><li>Progressive Outlook </li></ul>
  14. 14. THANK YOU!! <ul><li>SUBMITTED BY :- </li></ul><ul><li>Bhavisha Sharma (808) </li></ul><ul><li>Khushboo Jain (816) </li></ul><ul><li>Nikhil Yadav (827) </li></ul><ul><li>Siloni Sangra (844) </li></ul><ul><li>Vikrant Raghav (856) </li></ul>

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