Frame narrative in Frankenstein

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  • 1. Topic: Frame Narrative in Frankenstein Paper Name: The Romantic Age Paper No.: 5 Name: Bhatt Urvi Roll No: 32 Std: M.A. Sem: 2 Submitted to: Department of English M.K.B.U.
  • 2. What is Frame Narrative? * Frame narrative is literary technique that some times serves as a story within story, whereby an introductory or main narrative is presented, at list in part, for the purpose of setting the stage either for a more emphasized second narrative or for a set of shorter stories. The frame story leads readers from a first story in to another, smaller [or several ones] within it.
  • 3. What is narration? * Narration is the way in which a story is told. * The narrator tells us the story its, first person narration and hence ‘I’ is used while the story is told. * The narrator speaks from outside * Narration is in the third person
  • 4. Complexity of narration in Frankenstein * Unable to narrate in to ability and normalcy, the creature attempts to narrate * Disfigurement that ‘monster’ Frankenstein’s narration is complex
  • 5. Main narrator * Captain Robert Walton writes letters to his sister Margaret Saville * Typical epistolary manner * Victor recounts his history to Walton who takes notes
  • 6. (Narrator) Walton ( 1st audience) Saville ( 2nd audience) Reader
  • 7. (Narrator) Monster (2nd audience) Walton (3rd audience) Saville (4rt audience) Reader (1st audience) Victor
  • 8. Narrator De Laceys 1st audience Monster 2nd audience Victor 3rd audience Walton 4th audience Saville 5th audience Reader
  • 9. Letters * Letters appear many times * Captain Walton’s letters * The bulk of the story is told * Letters of his beloved Justine's story
  • 10. Some pieces of Narrative technique * “Happy happy earth! Fit habitation for Gods…the present was tranquil, and the future gilded by bright rays of hope, and anticipation a joy.” * “The tranquility which I now enjoyed did not endure.” * “The best hope and the purest creature of earth.” * The above extracts shows the richness of narration and the marvelous qualitative writing technique of Mary Shelley many faced novel.
  • 11. Character perspectives * A story within story * Reader to get several characters perspectives. * Three characters [Walton, Victor and The Monster] * Switching narrators outright
  • 12. Frame structure * Shelly builds suspense from the beginning * Pursuits of the Monster, the reader wants to know what has made Victor so sick * search a remote location
  • 13. Suspense • Shelley make use of suspense and technique of flashback • Well depicted in the novel deliberately by the novelist.
  • 14. Science • Victor and Walton are mirror characters • Victor stop Walton • He has to loss will be in vain