Frame narrative in Frankenstein


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Frame narrative in Frankenstein

  1. 1. Topic: Frame Narrative in Frankenstein Paper Name: The Romantic Age Paper No.: 5 Name: Bhatt Urvi Roll No: 32 Std: M.A. Sem: 2 Submitted to: Department of English M.K.B.U.
  2. 2. What is Frame Narrative? * Frame narrative is literary technique that some times serves as a story within story, whereby an introductory or main narrative is presented, at list in part, for the purpose of setting the stage either for a more emphasized second narrative or for a set of shorter stories. The frame story leads readers from a first story in to another, smaller [or several ones] within it.
  3. 3. What is narration? * Narration is the way in which a story is told. * The narrator tells us the story its, first person narration and hence ‘I’ is used while the story is told. * The narrator speaks from outside * Narration is in the third person
  4. 4. Complexity of narration in Frankenstein * Unable to narrate in to ability and normalcy, the creature attempts to narrate * Disfigurement that ‘monster’ Frankenstein’s narration is complex
  5. 5. Main narrator * Captain Robert Walton writes letters to his sister Margaret Saville * Typical epistolary manner * Victor recounts his history to Walton who takes notes
  6. 6. (Narrator) Walton ( 1st audience) Saville ( 2nd audience) Reader
  7. 7. (Narrator) Monster (2nd audience) Walton (3rd audience) Saville (4rt audience) Reader (1st audience) Victor
  8. 8. Narrator De Laceys 1st audience Monster 2nd audience Victor 3rd audience Walton 4th audience Saville 5th audience Reader
  9. 9. Letters * Letters appear many times * Captain Walton’s letters * The bulk of the story is told * Letters of his beloved Justine's story
  10. 10. Some pieces of Narrative technique * “Happy happy earth! Fit habitation for Gods…the present was tranquil, and the future gilded by bright rays of hope, and anticipation a joy.” * “The tranquility which I now enjoyed did not endure.” * “The best hope and the purest creature of earth.” * The above extracts shows the richness of narration and the marvelous qualitative writing technique of Mary Shelley many faced novel.
  11. 11. Character perspectives * A story within story * Reader to get several characters perspectives. * Three characters [Walton, Victor and The Monster] * Switching narrators outright
  12. 12. Frame structure * Shelly builds suspense from the beginning * Pursuits of the Monster, the reader wants to know what has made Victor so sick * search a remote location
  13. 13. Suspense • Shelley make use of suspense and technique of flashback • Well depicted in the novel deliberately by the novelist.
  14. 14. Science • Victor and Walton are mirror characters • Victor stop Walton • He has to loss will be in vain