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  • 1. Trade Union in India Presented By:- MUZAFFAR MAQBOOL BHAT MBA 3 RD SEM.
  • 2. Contents
    • Introduction
    • Definition
    • Objective of trade unions
    • Functions of trade unions
    • Reasons For Joining Trade Unions
    • The trade union act, 1926 and legal framework
    • Union problems
    • Evaluation
  • 3. Introduction
    • History
    • The first phase (1850 to1900)
    • The second phase (1900 to 1946)
  • 4. The third phase
    • The third phase began with the emergence of independent India (in 1947). The partition of country affected the trade union movement particularly Bengal and Punjab. By 1949, four central trade union organizations were functioning in the country:
    • The All India Trade Union Congress,
    • The Indian National Trade Union Congress,
    • The Hindu Mazdoor Sangh, and
    • The United Trade Union Congress
  • 5.
    • Trade union is an association either of employees or employers or of independent workers.
    • It is a relatively permanent formation of workers. It is not a temporary or casual combination of workers.
    • It is formed for securing certain economic, social benefits to members.
    • Collective strength offers a sort of insurance cover to members to fight against irrational, arbitrary and illegal actions of employers. Members can share their feelings, exchange notes and fight the employer quite effectively whenever he goes off the track.
  • 6. At present there are twelve Central Trade Union Organizations in India:
    • All India Trade Union Congress (AITUC)
    • Bharatiya Mazdoor Sangh (BMS)
    • Centre of Indian Trade Unions (CITU)
    • Hind Mazdoor Kisan Panchayat (HMKP)
    • Hind Mazdoor Sabha (HMS)
    • Indian Federation of Free Trade Unions (IFFTU)
    • Indian National Trade Union Congress (INTUC)
    • National Front of Indian Trade Unions (NFITU)
    • National Labor Organization (NLO)
    • Trade Unions Co-ordination Centre (TUCC)
    • United Trade Union Congress (UTUC) and
    • United Trade Union Congress - Lenin Sarani (UTUC - LS)
  • 7. Objective of Trade Unions
    • Wages salaries
    • Working conditions
    • Discipline
    • Personnel policies
    • Welfare
    • Employee-employer relation
    • Negotiating machinery
    • Safeguarding organizational health and interest of the industry
  • 8. Functions Of Trade Unions
    • Militant Functions
    • To achieve higher wages and better working conditions
    • To raise the status of workers as a part of industry
    • To protect labors against victimization and injustice
    • 2. Fraternal Functions
    • To take up welfare measures for improving the morale of workers
    • To generate self confidence among workers
    • To encourage sincerity and discipline among workers
    • To provide opportunities for promotion and growth
    • To protect women workers against discrimination
  • 9. Reasons For Joining Trade Unions 1. Greater Bargaining Power 2. Minimize Discrimination 3. Sense of Security 4. Sense of Participation 5. Sense of Belongingness 6. Platform for self expression 7. Betterment of relationships
  • 10. Union Problems
    • Trade union leadership
    • Multiple unions
    • Union rivalry
    • Finance
    • Other problems
    • illiteracy
    • Uneven growth
    • Low membership
    • Heterogeneous nature of labour
    • Lack of interest
    • Absence of paid office bearers