Hazardous and special waste PART 1 Hazardous waste is waste which may cause hazard or harm to health or the environment because of its chemical or physical or some other property.
GMO waste ( Genetically Modified Organism waste)
INFECTIOUS WASTE Infectious waste
cultures, samples, and stocks of infectious agents
contaminated animals, materials, and equipment
Classification of Biological Hazards (bacteria, viruses, parasites, and fungal agents)
agents presenting a risk or potential risk to the well-being of man, or other animals
infection either directly or indirectly through disruption of the environment
classes 1 through 4 on the basis of the hazards they present
Class 1: no special treatment
(not mentioned in classification)
Classes 2 - 4 -> pre-processing before waste disposal
Steam sterilization (Autoclaving)
Incineration (burning to ash)
GMO waste Genetically Modified Organism waste
All Genetic Modification experiments filed and sanctioned by Board of Gene Technology
Notification / application contains information on waste management
Packaging Final disposal
Pack in two bags (one paper, one plastic) and seal the bags with tape
Storage place cold room or freezer
1) After decontamination (autoclaving) Disposal with municipal waste (mixed waste) 2) Incineration
Infectious and GMO Waste Treatment (3 alternatives) Chemical Disinfection 1) Decontaminating by liquid and gaseous chemicals alcohol (ethyl or isopropyl), chlorine compounds, ethylene oxide Steam Sterilization 1) Autoclaving Incineration 1) Packaging - Safety marks ( UN 3291 ) - ADR transportation - UN accepted package 2) Hazardous waste disposal plant 2) Disposal with municipal waste (mixed waste) 2) Disposal with municipal waste (mixed waste)
Dead laboratory animals (Carcasses) Carcasses
Dead laboratory animals (mice, rats, moles, fishes, pigs etc)
Biohazardous carcasses (infected with organisms pathogenic to humans or animal) must be autoclaved before delivered the Honkajoki Animal waste treatment plant or incinirate at a hazardous waste plant (Ekokem Oy).
Destroyed in the hazardous animal waste treatment plant (Honkajoki Oy)
Leak-proof plastic bag
Storage in a cold room or a freezer
BIOLOGICAL WASTE Biological waste
Materials and equipments contaminated by blood and other secretions
Packaging Final disposal
leak-proof plastic bag or container (red colour)
storage place cold room or freezer
landfilling as a special waste
(Incineration or autoclaving)
SHARP WASTE Radioactive waste
Regulated and guided by STUK – Radiation
and Nuclear Safety Authority in Finland
Radioactive Wastes and Discharges ST 6.2 Guidelines
Packages shall be
marked appropriately, mentioning the primary radionuclides and their activity.
the storage area or the waste packages must be
marked with a sign indicating a danger of radiation.
After completion of the necessary storage period, the waste will be disposed of as ordinary waste (Remove signs indicating a danger of radiation)
CHEMICAL WASTE VIILTÄVÄ JA PISTÄVÄ JÄTE SHARP WASTE Chemical waste
highly flammable / flammable
very toxic/ toxic
Segregation and Packaging
Segregation of different waste
Storage of incompatible chemicals in different cabinets / room
Ekokem Oy Ab hazardous waste disposal plant
Waste, which has one or more of the following characteristics:
Old labelling of dangerous chemicals This labelling can be used for substances until 1. of December 2010 or for mixtures until 1. June 2015. Explosive E Flammable F Highly flammable F+ Oxidizing 0 Toxic T Very toxic T Corrosive C Harmful Xn Irritant Xi Dangerous for environment N
Acutely toxic Serious impacts on health Oxcidizing Corrosive Flammable Mild impacts on health Dangerous for environment Pressured gas Explosive New labelling of hazardous chemicals CLP-decree ( Classification, Labelling and Packaging of substances and mixtures) New labelling is to be used for chemical substances from 1. of December 2010 And for mixtures from 1. of June 2015.
Labelling Chemical Waste
The name of the department and of a contact person
The composition of chemical waste (all chemicals, impurities, and their concentrations)
The amount of chemical (fullness degree 90 %)
Risk and Safety Phrases
R 14 Reacts violently with water.
R 23/24/25 Toxic by inhalation, in contact with skin and if swallowed.
S 39 Wear eye/face protection.
S 30 Never add water to this product.
USE ORGINAL CONTAINERS, IF POSSIBLE!
Obliges producers to organize the reuse, recovery or suitable treatment or disposal of their products and to cover the related costs.
Producer responsibility covers the following product types:
electronic and electrical appliances,
cars, vans and comparable vehicles, tyres
newspapers, magazines, copy paper, and other comparable paper products, packaging
Waste Legislation PART 2 § § § § § § § §
Recycle or compost
How to prevent waste
Favour good quality, durability and less packaging
Favour long-lasting and repairable products of good quality
Replace purchased goods with services
Do not mix different types of wastes together
mixing may make recycling impossible,
cause a chemical reaction, or
create a mixture that needs to be managed as a hazardous waste
Duty to keep record
Producers of hazardous wastes must keep a record of
quantity, type, quality and origin of all waste arising from their operations