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H Y B R I D C A R S

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  • 1. HYBRID CARS Welcome to the world of advanced technological cars
  • 2. INTRODUCTION
    • Any vehicle is a hybrid when it combines two or more sources of power. Hybrid cars run off a rechargeable battery and gasoline.
    • Hybrid engines are built smaller to accommodate the 99% of time when not going up hill or accelerating quickly. It uses the battery to provide extra acceleration power when needed.
    • When the car is stopped, hybrid gasoline motors can shut off and run off their electric motor and battery.
  • 3. INTRODUCTION
    • Hybrid cars are often lighter and more aerodynamic; tires are often stiffer and inflated higher to reduce drag.
    • Hybrid cars often recover braking energy and use it to charge the battery
  • 4. STRUCTURE
    • Gasoline Engine
    • Fuel Tank
    • Electric Motor
    • Generator
    • Batteries
    • Transmission
    • Power Split Device
  • 5. STRUCTURE
  • 6. A Hybrid SUV : The FORD Escape HEV
  • 7. COMPONENTS
    • Computer Control Systems
    • Hybrid batteries
    • Lithium Ion Batteries
    • Low resistance tyres
    • Regenerative Braking
    • Ultracapacitors
  • 8. COMPONENTS
  • 9. TYPES OF HYBRIDS
    • Full Hybrid
    • Mild Hybrid
    • Parallel Hybrid
    • Series Hybrid
    • Plug-in Hybrid
  • 10. MYTHS ABOUT HYBRID CARS
    • You need a plug-in
    • Hybrid batteries need to be replaced
    • Hybrids are only fuel efficient
    • Hybrids are expensive
    • Hybrids are small and underpowered
    • Only liberals buy hybrid
    • Hybrids pose a threat to first responders
    • Hybrids will solve all transportation, energy and environmental problems
    • Hybrids are only a fad
  • 11. ENVIRONMENT Driving Trends A massive increase in car use: more people driving more cars on longer trips
  • 12. ENVIRONMENT Global Warming Experts say that rising tides in the South Pacific, as on Tuvula pictured above, are caused by global warming. Carbon dioxide from cars is a leading culprit. What effect could global warming have on the world?
  • 13. ENVIRONMENT Health Effects Personal masks are becoming a common sight in urban areas with the worst air quality.
  • 14. ENVIRONMENT Pollutants Every day, you are driving in and through—and contributing to—a lethal cocktail of air pollution.
  • 15. ENVIRONMENT Other Impacts Hybrid or not, cars foul our land and water, and have a serious effect on wildlife, agriculture, and our built environment.
  • 16. ENVIRONMENT Total Cycle Impact Your car is polluting before you even get behind the wheel.
  • 17. CARS IN THE MARKET Year 2006 Available Years 2006 Base MSRP Approx. $21,850 Style Compact Seating 5 Mileage 50/ 50 Tank Size 13.2 gallons Emission Rating PZEV Greenhouse Gas Emissions/15k mi 5,700 pounds 0 - 60 Performance 11 seconds Passenger Space 90.9 cubic feet Cargo Space 10.4 cubic feet Net Power 110 horsepower at 6,000 rpm Gas Engine Power 95 horsepower Electric Motor Power 20 horsepower Net Torque 123 lb.-ft @ 1000-2500 RPM Displacement 1.3 liter Battery Output 158 volts Drag Coefficient .28 CIVIC HYBRID
  • 18. CARS IN THE MARKET Year 2005 Available Years 2005+ Base MSRP Approx. $30,000 Style Midsize Sedan Seating 5 Mileage 30/37 Tank Size 17.1 gal Emission Rating ULEV II, Bin 5 Greenhouse Gas Emissions/15k mi 8,700 pounds 0 - 60 Performance 6.5 seconds Passenger Space 103 cubic feet Cargo Space 11.2 cubic feet Net Power 255 horsepower Gas Engine Power 240 horsepower Electric Motor Power 16 horsepower Gas Engine Torque 232 lb.-ft @ 5000 RPM Electric Motor Torque 100 lb.-ft @ 840 rpm Displacement 3.0 liter Voltage 144V Drag Coefficient .29 ACCORD HYBRID
  • 19. CARS IN THE MARKET Year 2005 Available Years 2000 - 2005 Base MSRP Approx. $19,000 Style Coupe Hatchback Seating 2 Mileage Manual 60/65 | CVT 57/56 Tank Size 10.6 gallons Emission Rating Manual ULEV I, Bin 9 | CVT SULEV, Bin 5 Greenhouse Gas Emissions/15k mi 4,500 pounds 0 - 60 Performance 10.7 seconds Passenger Space 47.4 cubic feet Cargo Space 16.3 cubic feet Net Power 71 horsepower Gas Engine Power 65 horsepower Electric Motor Power 13 horsepower Net Torque 89 lb.-ft. Gas Engine Torque 65 lb.-ft. @ 4800 RPM Electric Motor Torque 25 lb.-ft. @ 0-2000 RPM Displacement 1.0 liter Battery Output 144 volts Drag Coefficient .25 INSIGHT
  • 20. CARS IN THE MARKET Year 2007 Available Years 2007 - Base MSRP Approx. $30,000 Style Midsize Sedan Seating 5 Mileage 43/37 Tank Size 17.1 gal variable Emission Rating PZEV 0 - 60 Performance 9.4 seconds Net Power 192 horsepower Displacement 2.4 liter Battery Output 245 volts Drag Coefficient .27 CAMRY HYBRID
  • 21. CARS IN THE MARKET Year 2005 Available Years 2000 - 2005 Base MSRP Approx. $20,000 Style Midsize Hatchback Seating 5 Mileage 60/51 Tank Size 11.9 gal variable (bladder) Emission Rating PZEV, Bin3 Greenhouse Gas Emissions/15k mi 5,100 pounds 0 - 60 Performance 10.2 seconds Passenger Space 96 cubic feet Cargo Space 16 cubic feet Net Power 110 horsepower Gas Engine Power 76 horsepower Electric Motor Power 67 horsepower Net Torque NA. Gas Engine Torque 82 lb.-ft. @ 4200 RPM Electric Motor Torque 295 lb.-ft. @ 0-1200 RPM Displacement 1.5 liter Battery Output 500 volts Drag Coefficient .26 PRIUS
  • 22. CARS IN THE MARKET Year 2005 Available Years 2005+ Base MSRP Approx. $29,000 Style SUV Seating 5 Mileage 2wd 36/31 | 4wd 33/29 Tank Size 15 gallons Emission Rating PZEV, Bin 4 Greenhouse Gas Emissions/15k mi 2wd 8,500 pounds | 4wd 9,200 pounds 0 - 60 Performance 9 seconds Passenger Space 100 cubic feet Cargo Space 27.6 cubic feet Net Power 155 horsepower Gas Engine Power 133 horsepower Electric Motor Power 94 horsepower Towing Capacity 1,000 pounds Net Torque 124 lb.-ft. Gas Engine Torque 124 lb.-ft. @ 4250 RPM Electric Motor Torque 100 lb.-ft. @ 840 RPM Displacement 2.3 liter Battery Output 330 volts ESCAPE HYBRID
  • 23. FUTURE HYBRIDS…
  • 24. FUTURE HYBRIDS…
  • 25. FUTURE HYBRIDS…
  • 26. FUTURE HYBRIDS…
  • 27. FUTURE HYBRIDS…
  • 28. FUTURE HYBRIDS…
  • 29. A presentation by Akshay Bhardwaj 04 05 0732