ACKNOWDGEMENT I am very thankful to frankfinn Institute Of Air Hostess Trainingfor giving us this travel assignment.I am also thankful to my faculty Mr.Vikram Khanna for hisguidance and support.Through this assignment we came to know more about thisindustry and also about the world.I am grateful to Frankfinn Institute for guiding me ahead with mydifficulties and being my encouragement and support throughout.NIHAR RANJAN JENA
CUSTOMER DETAILS Name-Mr. Akash K. Jena Age-24years Citizenship-Indian Destination Preference-Places of HistoricImportance and Natural attractions.
INTRODUCTION TO TRAVEL : Opening Doors for Your Future provides an holisticview of the industry: its history, its constant growthregardless of economic downturns, its importance inthe world, its various sectors and how they worktogether, and the many opportunities it offers for those who choose to makeit their profession. It outlines the technical and people skills required toadvance in position and income, expand personal horizons and have fun fulfillingpeoples dreams.
DESTINATION FOR TRAVEL U.S.A. (NEW YORK) (FLORIDA) CANADA (BRITISH COLUMBIA) (ONTARIO)
INTRODUCTION TO USA
Capital: Washington, D.C.Dialing code: 1Area: 9,826,675 km²Population: 313.9 million(2012)Gross domesticproduct: 14.99 trillion USD(2011) World BankGovernment: Federalrepublic, Constitutionalrepublic, Presidential systemUnited States of America
Geography:USA, country in North America, consisting of 48 contiguous states and the non-contiguous states of Alaska and Hawaii. The 48 states are between the Atlantic andPacific oceans, south of Canada and north of Mexico. The countrys total area is9,629,047 sq km (3,717,796 sq mi). The capital is Washington, D.C.New York City is thelargest city.Land and ResourcesCoastal plains along the eastern coast rise to mountain ranges further inland. Beyondthe Great Lakes, the midcontinent is dominated by the Great Plains, a fertile agriculturalarea. From the western edge of the Great Plains, the Rockies and other mountain rangesrise. Mountains continue almost to the western coastal area along the Pacific. TheUnited States has an extremely varied climate, but in general temperatures increasefrom north to south.The country has diverse vegetation, from tundra in northern Alaska to cypress andmangrove stands along the Gulf of Mexico. Some 23 percent of the land is forested.There are vast grassy plains in the middle of the country and desert conditions in thesouthwest. Animal life is also varied, with mammals, reptiles, amphibians, birds, andfish throughout. The United States is exceedingly rich in natural resources; a diversity ofcrops and trees grows readily. The country contains significant deposits of manyimportant minerals, including more than one-fifth of the worlds coal.Hinduism also have significant numbers of followers.
Population:he population of the United States is 267,954,767 (1997 estimate). Whites constituteabout 83 percent of the people; blacks, about 13 percent; Asians and PacificIslanders, about 4 percent; and Native Americans, about 1 percent. Hispanics, whomay also be counted among other groups, make up about 11 percent.English is the main language, but many others are important, especially Spanish. Mostpeople are Christians. Although members of the various Protestant churches are mostnumerous, Roman Catholics form the largest single religious group in the UnitedStates. The major Protestant groups include theBaptists, Methodists, Presbyterians, Pentecostals, and Episcopalians. The largest non-Christian religion in the United States is Judaism. Islam, Buddhism, and Hinduismalso have significant numbers of followers.Economy:The United States has one of the worlds highest standards of living. Until the late1800s agriculture was the dominant economic activity, but then industry gainedimportance. The United States now leads all nations in the value of its yearlymanufacturing output. Leading goods are processed foods, transportationequipment, chemicals, industrial machinery, and electronic equipment. The threechief mineral products are fuels: petroleum, natural gas, and coal. Important metalsinclude gold, copper, iron, zinc, magnesium, lead, and silver.
HISTORY OF USA The history of the United states as covered in American schoolsand universities typically begins with either Christ opherColumbus‘s 1492 voyage to the America or with the prehistory ofthe Native peoples, with the latter approach having becomeincreasingly common in recent decades Indigenous populations lived in what is now the United Statesbefore European colonists began to arrive, mostly fromEngland, after 1600. By the 1770s,thirteen Britishcolonies contained two and a half million people. They wereprosperous and growing rapidly, and had developed their ownautonomous political and legal systems. The British Parliamentasserted its authority over these colonies by imposing newtaxes, which the Americans insisted were unconstitutional becausethey were not represented in Parliament. Growing conflicts turnedinto full-fledged war beginning in April 1775. On July 4, 1776, thecolonies declared independence from the Kingdom of GreatBritain and became the United States of America
With major military and financial support from France and military leadership byGeneral George Washington, the Patriots won the Revolutionary War and peace camein 1783. During and after the war, the 13 states were united under a weak federalgovernment established by the Articles of Confederation. When these provedunworkable, a new Constitution was adopted in 1789; it remains the basis ofthe United States federal government, and later included a Bill of Rights. WithWashington as the nations first president and Alexander Hamilton his chief advisor, astrong national government was created. When Thomas Jefferson became presidenthe purchased the Louisiana Territory from France, doubling the size of Americanterritorial holdings. A second and last war with Britain was fought in 1812. The mainresult of that war was the end of European support for Indian attacks on westernsettlers.Under the sponsorship of the Jeffersonian Democrats, and the JacksonianDemocrats, the nation expanded to the Louisiana purchase and all the way toCalifornia and Oregon, and a quest for inexpensive land for Yeoman farmers andslave owners who promoted, democracy and expansion, at the cost of violenceand a disdain for European culture. The expansion, under the rubric of ManifestDestiny was a rejection of the advice of Whigs who wanted to deepen andmodernize the economy and society rather than merely expand thegeography. Slavery of Africans was abolished in all the Northern states by1804, but it flourished in the Southern states because of heavy Europeandemand for cotton.
DESTINATIONS TO TRAVEL(a) NEWYORK(b) FLORIDA
NEWYORK CITY 1.Niagara Falls 2.Statue of Liberty 3. Brooklyn Bridge 4.Empire State Building
INTRODUCTION New York is a huge city with several district articlescontaining sightseeing, restaurants, nightlife andaccommodation. New York (also referred to as ―New YorkCity‖, ―NYC‖, or just ―the city‖) ,the biggest city in theUnited States, lies at the mouth of the Hudson River. It has one of the largest and most famous skyline onearth , dominated by the iconic Empire StateBuilding.
The "Big Apple," the "City That Never Sleeps"—New York is a city ofsuperlatives: Americas biggest; its most exciting; its business and culturalcapitals; the nations trendsetter. The city seems to pull in the best and thebrightest from every corner of the country. The citys ethnic flavor has beennuanced by decades of immigrants whose first glimpse of America was theStatue of Liberty guarding New York Harbour and by large expatriatecommunities such as the United Nations headquartered there. Just minutesfrom the multimillion-dollar two-bedroom co-op apartments of ParkAvenue, though, lies some of the most dire urban poverty in America. Butthe attendant crime that affects New Yorkers and visitors alike has seen acontinued dramatic reduction from 1993 to 2004—NYC has a murder ratehalf that of cities such as Los Angeles and Chicago, in part as the result of aconcerted effort by local agencies. But for all its eight million residents, NewYork remains a city of neighbourhoods, whether its avant-garde GreenwichVillage, bustling Harlem, the ultra-sophisticated TriBeCa, or one of theethnic enclaves such as Little Italy or Chinatown. And acleaner, brighter, safer New York is attracting people from around the worldwho are coming to enjoy the citys renaissance.
HISTORY OF NEWYORK New York City began with the first European visit to the area by Giovannida Verrazzano, in command of the French ship La Dauphine, when hevisited the region in 1524. It is believed he sailed into Upper New YorkBay, where he encountered native Len ape, returned through TheNarrows, where he anchored the night of April 17, and then left to continuehis voyage. He named the area of present-day New York City Nouvelle-Angouleme (New Angouleme) in honour of Francis I, King of France andCount of Angouleme. European settlement began on September 3, 1609, when theEnglishman Henry Hudson, in the employ of the Dutch East IndiaCompany, sailed the Half Moon through The Narrows into Upper NewYork Bay. Like Christopher Columbus, Hudson was looking for a westerlypassage to Asia. He never found one, but he did take note of theabundant beaver population. Beaver pelts were in fashion inEurope, fuelling a lucrative business. Hudsons report on the regionalbeaver population served as the impetus for the founding of Dutch tradingcolonies in the New World, among them New Amsterdam, which wouldbecome New York City. The beavers importance in New York City historyis reflected by its use on the citys official seal.
The City of Niagara Falls was incorporated on March17, 1892 from the villages of Manchester and SuspensionBridge, which were parts of the Town of Niagara. NewYork State Governor Roswell P. Flower signed a bill intolaw forming the city. Thomas Vincent Welch who was amember of the charter committee and then a New Yorkstate assemblyman, but more importantly a second-generation Irishman, was there when the bill wassigned, and responsible for asking Governor Flower tosign the bill on St. Patricks Day. George W. Wright waselected the first mayor of Niagara Falls1.NIAGARA FALLS
ABOUT Niagara Falls is in the Niagara Frontier region ofNew York state. The Niagara Falls consist of three sections .The largeCanadian falls –with their distinctive curved shape-are also known as the Horseshoe Falls. They are separated by Goat island from theAmerican Falls , which are separated by a smallisland at their south end , from the narrow BridalVeil falls.
[hide]Climate data for Niagara Falls, New York International AirportMonth Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec YearAveragehigh °F(°C)33(1)38(3)42(6)56(13)68(20)77(25)81(27)80(27)73(23)60(16)48(9)37(3)57(14)Averagelow °F(°C)18(−8)18(−8)25(−4)36(2)46(8)57(14)61(16)60(16)52(11)42(6)33(1)23(−5)39(4)Precipitation inches(mm)2.72(69.1)2.12(53.8)2.49(63.2)2.83(71.9)3.01(76.5)2.87(72.9)3.17(80.5)2.77(70.4)3.32(84.3)2.95(74.9)3.04(77.2)3.03(77)34.32(871.7)ClimateNiagara Falls experiences cold, sometimes snowy winters and hot, often humidsummers. Precipitation is moderate and consistent in all seasons, falling equallyor more as snow during the winter. The temperature has dipped to as low as−11 F (−24 C) as recently as 2003, 2005, and 2011.The hottest temperature inthe past decade recorded in Niagara Falls was 97 F (36 ) in 2005. The city hasmuch snowier than average winters than most cities in the USA, however lessthan many other cities in Upstate New York including nearby Buffalo andRochester.
2.Statue of Liberty The Statue of Liberty is a colossal neoclassical sculpture on LibertyIsland in New York Harbour, designed by Frederic Bartholdi and dedicatedon October 28, 1886. The statue, a gift to the United States from the peopleof France, is of a robed female figure representing Liberates, the Romangoddess of freedom, who bears a torch and a tabula ansata (a tabletevoking the law) upon which is inscribed the date of the AmericanDeclaration of Independence, July 4, 1776. A broken chain lies at her feet.The statue is an icon of freedom and of the United States: a welcomingsignal to immigrants arriving from abroad. Bartholdi was inspired by French law professor and politician Eduard Renéde Laboulaye, who commented in 1865 that any monument raised toAmerican independence would properly be a joint project of the French andAmerican peoples. Due to the troubled political situation in France, workon the statue did not commence until the early 1870s. In 1875, Laboulayeproposed that the French finance the statue and the Americans provide thesite and build the pedestal. Bartholdi completed the head and the torch-bearing arm before the statue was fully designed, and these pieces wereexhibited for publicity at international expositions.
Location Liberty IslandNew York City, New York, U.S.Coordinates 40°41′21″N 74°2′40″WHeight 151 feet 1 inch (46 meters)Ground to torch: 305 feet 1 inch (93 meters)Dedicated October 28, 1886Restored 1938, 1984–1986, 2011–2012Sculptor Frederic Auguste BartholdiVisitation 3.2 million (in 2009)Governing body U.S. National Park Service
ABOUT The Statue of Liberty was presented to the UnitedStates by the people of France in 1886. Worldwide , the Statue of Liberty is one of the mostrecognizable icons of the United States and was from1886 until the jet age ,often one of the first glimpsesof the United States for millions of immigrants afterocean voyages from Europe.
3.BROOKLYN BRIDGE The Brooklyn Bridge is a bridge in New York City and isone of the oldest suspension bridges in the United States.Completed in 1883, it connectsthe boroughs of Manhattan and Brooklyn by spanningthe East River. With a main span of 1,595.5 feet (486.3 m), itwas the longest suspension bridge in the world from itsopening until 1903, and the first steel-wire suspension bridge. Originally referred to as the New York and BrooklynBridge and as the East River Bridge, it was dubbed theBrooklyn Bridge, a name from an earlier January 25, 1867,letter to the editor of the Brooklyn Daily Eagle, and formallyso named by the city government in 1915. Since its opening, ithas become an icon of New York City, and was designateda National Historic Landmark in 1964and a National HistoricCivil Engineering Landmark in 1972.
Carries Motor vehicles (cars only)Elevated trains (until 1944)Streetcars (until 1950)Pedestrians and bicyclesCrosses East RiverLocale New York City (Manhattan–Brooklyn)Maintained by New York City Department ofTransportationDesigner John Augustus RoeblingDesign Suspension/Cable-stay HybridTotal length 5,989 feet (1825 m)Width 85 feet (26 m)Height 276.5 ft (84.3 m) above mean highwaterLongest span 1,595 feet 6 inches (486.3 m)Clearance below 135 feet (41 m) at mid-spanOpened May 24, 1883; 129 years agoToll Free both waysDaily traffic 123,781 (2008)
The Brooklyn Bridge, viewed from Manhattan
View from the pedestrian walkway. The bridges cable arrangement forms adistinct web like pattern.
ABOUT The Brooklyn Bridge ,one of the oldest suspensionbridges in the United States , stretches 5,989feet(1825m)over the East River. Upon completion, it was the longest suspensionbridge in the world , the first steel-wire suspensionbridge , and the first bridge to connect to LongIsland.
4.Empire State Building The Empire State Building is a 102-story skyscraper located in MidtownManhattan, New York City, at the intersection of Fifth Avenue and West 34th Street. Ithas a roof height of 1,250 feet (381 meters), and with its antenna spire included, it standsa total of 1,454 ft (443.2 m) high .Its name is derived from the nickname for New York,the Empire State. It stood as the worlds tallest building for 40 years, from its completionin 1931 until construction of the World Trade Centres North Tower was completed in1972. Following the September 11 attacks in 2001, the Empire State Building was againthe tallest building in New York (although it was no longer the tallest in the US or theworld). The Empire State Building was once again demoted to second-tallest building inNew York on April 30, 2012, when the new One World Trade Centre reached a greaterheight. The Empire State Building is currently the third-tallest completed skyscraper inthe United States(after the Willis Tower and Trump International Hotel and Tower, bothin Chicago), and the 22nd-tallest in the world (the tallest now is Burj Khalifa, located inDubai). It is also the fourth-tallest freestanding structure in the Americas. The Empire State Building is generally thought of as an American cultural icon. It isdesigned in the distinctive Art Deco style and has been named as one of the SevenWonders of the Modern World by the American Society of Civil Engineers. The buildingand its street floor interior are designated landmarks of the New York City LandmarksPreservation Commission, and confirmed by the New York City Board of Estimate. It wasdesignated as a National Historic Landmark in 1986.In 2007, it was ranked number oneon the List of Americas Favourite Architecture according to the AIA.
ABOUT Tallest building in New York , since the destructionof the World Trade Center Twin Towers on 11September 2001. Strongly consider going to the Empire State at night.
FLORIDA CITY Florida is a state in the south-eastern region of the United States,bordered to the west by the Gulf of Mexico, to the north byAlabama and Georgia, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south bythe Straits of Florida. Florida is the 22nd most extensive, the 4th mostpopulous, and the 8th most densely populated of the 50 United States. Thestate capital is Tallahassee, the largest city is Jacksonville, and the largestmetropolitan area is the Miami metropolitan area. Much of Florida is a peninsula between the Gulf of Mexico, the AtlanticOcean, and the Straits of Florida. Its geography is notable for a coastline,omnipresent water and the threat of hurricanes. Florida has the longestcoastline in the contiguous United States, encompassing approximately1,350 miles (2,170 km), and is the only state that borders both the Gulf ofMexico and the Atlantic Ocean. Much of the state is at or near sea level andis characterized by sedimentary soil. The climate varies from subtropical inthe north to tropical in the south . Some of its most iconic animals, such asthe American alligator, crocodile, Florid panther and the manatee, can befound in the Everglades, one of the most famous national parks in theworld.
HISTORY Archaeological research indicates that Florida was firstinhabited by Palo-Indians, the first human inhabitants ofthe Americas, perhaps as early as 14 thousand years ago.The region was continuously inhabited throughthe Archaic period(to about 2000 BC). After about500 BC the previously relatively uniform Archaic culturebegan to coalesce into distinctive local cultures .By the16th century, the earliest time for which there is ahistorical record, major Native American groupsincluded the Appalachia(of the FloridaPanhandle), the Temuco (of northern and centralFlorida), the Ais(of the central Atlanticcoast), the Tocobaga (of the TampaBay area), the Colusa (of southwest Florida) andthe Tequesta(of the south-eastern coast).
1.MIAMI Miami is a city located on the Atlantic coast in south-eastern Florida and the county seatof Miami-Dade County. The 42nd largest city proper in the United States, with a population of408,568, it is the principal, central, and most populous city of the Miami metropolitan area,and the most populous metropolis in the South-eastern United States. According to the U.S.Census Bureau, Miamis metro area is the eighth most populous and fourth-largest urbanarea in the United States, with a population of around 5.5 million. Miami is a major centre and a leader in finance, commerce, culture, media, entertainment, thearts, and international trade. In 2010, Miami was classified as an Alpha- World City in theWorld Cities Study Group‘s inventory. In 2010, Miami ranked seventh in the United States interms of finance, commerce, culture, entertainment, fashion, education, and other sectors. Itranked thirty-third among global cities. In 2008,Forbes magazine ranked Miami "AmericasCleanest City", for its year-round good air quality, vast green spaces, clean drinking water, cleanstreets and city-wide recycling programs. According to a 2009 UBS study of 73 world cities,Miami was ranked as the richest city in the United States, and the worlds fifth-richest city interms of purchasing power. Miami is nicknamed the "Capital of Latin America", is the second-largest U.S. city (after El Paso, Texas) with a Spanish-speaking majority, and the largest citywith a Cuban-American plurality. Downtown Miami and South Florida are home to the largest concentration of internationalbanks in the United States, and many large national and international companies. The CivicCentre is a major centre for hospitals, research institutes, medical centres, and biotechnologyindustries. For more than two decades, the Port of Miami, known as the "Cruise Capital of theWorld," has been the number one cruise passenger port in the world. It accommodates some ofthe worlds largest cruise ships and operations, and is the busiest port in both passenger trafficand cruise lines.
CLIMATE Miami has a tropical monsoon climate with hot and humid summers andshort, warm winters, with a marked drier season in the winter. Its sea-levelelevation, coastal location, position just above the Tropic of Cancer, and proximityto the Gulf Stream shapes its climate. With January averaging 67.2°F (19.6 °C), winter features mild to warm temperatures; cool air usually settlesafter the passage of a cold front, which produces much of the little amount ofrainfall. Lows sometimes fall below 50 °F (10 °C), but very rarely below 35 °F (2 °C).Highs generally range between 70–77 °F (21–25 °C). The wet season begins sometime in May, ending in mid-October. During this period, temperatures are in themid 80s to low 90s (29–35 °C), accompanied by high humidity, though the heat isoften relieved by afternoon thunderstorms or a sea breeze that develops off theAtlantic Ocean, which then allow lower temperatures, but conditions still remainvery muggy. Much of the years 55.9 inches (1,420 mm) of rainfall occurs during thisperiod. Extremes range from 27 °F (−2.8 °C) on February 3, 1917 to 100 °F (38 °C) on July21, 1940.Miami has never recorded an accumulation of snow, and has only oncerecorded snow flurries, on January 19, 1977. Hurricane season officially runs from June 1 through November 30, althoughhurricanes can develop beyond those dates. The most likely time for Miami to be hitis during the peak of the Cape Verde season which is mid-August through the end ofSeptember . Although tornadoes are uncommon in the Miami area, a tornado struckthe city in1925 and again in 1997.
ABOUT It is a coastal city in southeastern Florida , in theUnited States. Miami Beach has been one of the America‘spreeminent beach resorts for almost a century. The city was incorporated on 26 March 1915.
HOLLYWOOD Hollywood is a district situated in Los Angeles, California, UnitedStates situated west-northwest of downtown Los Angeles. Due to itsfame and cultural identity as the historical centre of movie studiosand celebrities, the word Hollywood is often used asa metonym of American cinema. Even though much of the movieindustry has dispersed into surrounding areas such as West LosAngeles and the San Fernando Valley, significant auxiliaryindustries, such as editing, effects, props, post-production, and lighting companies remain in Hollywood, as doesthe back lot of Paramount Pictures. As a district within the Los Angeles city limits, Hollywood does nothave its own municipal government. There was anofficial, appointed by the Hollywood Chamber of Commerce, whoserved as an honorary "Mayor of Hollywood" for ceremonialpurposes only. Johnny Grant held this position from 1980 until hisdeath on January 9, 2008.
ABOUT Hollywood is a district in Los Angeles , California,United States. Due to its fame and cultural identity as the historicalcanter of movie studios and movie stars , the word―HOLLYWOOD‖ is often used as a metonym ofcinema of the United States. It is a popular destination for nightlife and tourismand home to the Hollywood walk of fame.
The Capitol Records Tower in Hollywood
Hollywood boulevard from Kodak theatre
3.DISNEY WORLD,ORLANDO The Walt Disney World Resort, commonly known as Walt Disney World andinformally as Disney World, is the worlds most-visited entertainmentresort, located in Lake Buena Vista, Florida. Covering 30,080 acres (12,173 ha;47 sq mi), it is owned and operated by The Walt Disney Company through its Parksand Resorts division and is home to four theme parks, two water parks, twenty-fourthemed resorts (excluding eight more that are on-site but not owned by The WaltDisney Company), two spas and fitness centres, five golf courses, and otherrecreational and entertainment venues. The resort was developed by Walt Disney in the 1960s to supplement DisneylandPark in Anaheim, California. In addition to hotels and a theme park similar toDisneyland, Walts original plans also included an "Experimental PrototypeCommunity of Tomorrow", a planned city that would serve as a test bed for newinnovations for city living. After extensive lobbying, the Government ofFlorida created the Reedy Creek Improvement District, a special governmentdistrict that essentially gave the Walt Disney Company the standard powers andautonomy of an incorporated city. Walt died in 1966 before his original plans werefully realized. The resort opened on October 1, 1971 with the Magic Kingdom as its only themepark, and has since added Epcot (1982), Disneys HollywoodStudios (1989), and Disneys Animal Kingdom (1998).
Walt Disney WorldTheme parksMagic KingdomEpcotDisneys Hollywood StudiosDisneys Animal KingdomOther attractionsDisneys Typhoon LagoonDisneys Blizzard BeachDowntown DisneyESPN Wide World of SportsDisneys BoardWalkResort hotelsWalt Disney World Resorts
Type DivisionIndustry Theme Park operatorFounded October 1, 1971Headquarters Lake Buena Vista, Florida, USAKey people George Kalogridis, PresidentParent Walt Disney Parks and Resorts(TheWalt Disney Company)
MAP OF CANADA
Capital Ottawa45°24′N 75°40′W / 45.400°N75.667°WLargest city TorontoOfficial languagesEnglishFrenchRecognisedregional languagesChipewyanCreeGwichinInuinnaqtunInuktitutInuvialuktunSlavey (North / South)TłįchǫDemonymCanadianGovernmentFederal parliamentarydemocracy underconstitutional monarchyMonarchElizabeth IIGovernor GeneralDavid JohnstonPrime MinisterStephen HarperChief JusticeBeverley McLachlanLegislatureParliamentUpper houseSenateLower houseHouse of Commons
INTRODUCTIONCapital: OttawaDialing code: 1Prime minister: Stephen HarperGovernment: Parliamentary system, Multi-party system, Constitutional monarchyProvinces: Ontario, Québec, British Columbia, Alberta, Nova ScotiaPopulation: 34.48 million (2011) World BankCanada is a North American country consisting of ten provinces and three territories.Located in the northern part of the continent, it extends from the Atlantic to the Pacificand northward into the Arctic Ocean.
Continues….. The second largest country in the world, Canada‘sincredible geographical variety is a significant touristattracter. Canada‘s three cities, Toronto, Vancouver, andMontreal are largest major metropolitan areas , well-known for their culture and diversity. Canadian historic sites across the nation are alsoimportant to the tourist industry.
HISTORYThe name Canada comes from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word Kanata, meaning"village" or "settlement". In 1535, indigenous inhabitants of the present-day QuebecCity region used the word to direct French explorer Jacques Cartier to the villageof Stadacona. Cartier later used the word Canada to refer not only to that particularvillage, but the entire area subject to Donnacona (the chief at Stadacona); by 1545,European books and maps had begun referring to this region as Canada.In the 17th and early 18th centuries, "Canada" referred to the part of New France thatlay along the St. Lawrence River and the northern shores of the Great Lakes. The areawas later split into two British colonies, Upper Canada and Lower Canada. They werereunified as the Province of Canada in 1841.Upon Confederation in 1867, Canada was adopted as the legal name for the newcountry, and the word Dominion was conferred as the countrys title . However, asCanada asserted its political autonomy from the United Kingdom, the federalgovernment increasingly used simply Canada on state documents and treaties, achange that was reflected in the renaming of the national holiday from Dominion Dayto Canada Day in 1982.
DESTINATION IN CANADABRITISH COLUMBIA1. Vancouver islands2. Victoria3. sun shine coastONTARIO1. Toronto2. CN Tower3. HTO Park
BRITISH COLUMBIA British Columbia is the westernmost province of Canada. In 1871, it became the sixthprovince of Canada. British Columbia is also a component of the Pacific Northwest, along withthe U.S states of Oregon and Washington . The provinces name was chosen by QueenVictoria in 1858, reflecting its origins as the British remainder of the Columbia District ofthe Hudsons Bay Company. Its Latin motto is Splendour sine occasu ("Splendour withoutDiminishment"). The capital of British Columbia is Victoria, the 15th largest metropolitan region in Canada,named for Canadas Queen at Confederation. The largest city is Vancouver, the third-largest metropolitan area in Canada, the largest in Western Canada, and the second largest inthe Pacific Northwest. In 2009, British Columbia had an estimated population of 4,419,974(about two and a half million of whom were in Greater Vancouver). The province is currentlygoverned by the BC Liberal Party, led by Premier Christy Clark, who became leader as a resultof the party election on February 26, 2011. British Columbias economy is largely resource-based. It is the endpoint of transcontinentalrailways and the site of major Pacific ports, which enable international trade. Though less thanfive percent of its land is arable, the province is agriculturally rich (particularly inthe Fraser and Okanagan Valleys) because of its mild weather. Its climate encourages outdoorrecreation and tourism, though its economic mainstay has long been resource extraction,principally logging and mining. While the coast of BC and certain valleys in the south-centralpart of the province have mild weather, the majority of BCs land mass experiences a coldwinter temperate to subarctic climate similar to the rest of Canada.
HISTORY When the men returned from World War I, they discovered therecently enfranchised women of the province had helped vote inthe prohibition of liquor in an effort to end the social problemsassociated with the hard-core drinking that Vancouver and the restof the province was famous for until the war. Because of pressurefrom veterans, prohibition was quickly relaxed so that the "soldierand the working man" could enjoy a drink, but widespreadunemployment among veterans was hardened by many of theavailable jobs being taken by European immigrants and disgruntledveterans organized a range of "soldier parties" to represent theirinterests, variously named Soldier-Farmer, Soldier-Labour,and Farmer-Labour Parties. These formed the basis of the fracturedlabour-political spectrum that would generate a host of fringe leftistand rightist parties, including those who would eventually formthe Co-operative Commonwealth and the early Social Credit splintergroups.
1.Vancouver islands Vancouver Island, located in British Columbia, Canada, is the largest Pacificisland east of New Zealand Originally called Quadra and Vancouver Island afterSpanish navigator Juan de la Bodega y Quadra and British navy officer GeorgeVancouver, the island was first explored by British and Spanish expeditions in thelate 18th century. The formers name was eventually dropped and has since beenknown solely as Vancouver. It is one of several North American locations namedafter this British Royal Navy officer who explored the Pacific Northwest coast ofNorth America between 1791 and 1794. While the city of Vancouver is located on theNorth American mainland, Victoria, the capital of British Columbia, is located onthe island. Along with the minor islands near its southern portion, it is the only partof British Columbia that is south of the 49th Parallel. The island is 460 kilometres (290 mi) in length, 80 kilometres (50 mi) in width atits widest point, and 32,134 km2 (12,407 sq mi) in area. It is the largest island on thewestern side of North America, the worlds 43rd largest island, Canadas 11th largestisland, and Canadas second most populous island after the Island of Montreal. TheCanada 2011 Census population is 759,366.Nearly half of these (344,630) livein Greater Victoria. Other notable cities and towns on Vancouver Islandinclude Nanaimo, Port Alberni, Parkville, Courtenay, and Campbell River.
2. Victoria Victoria is the capital city of British Columbia, Canada and is located on thesouthern tip of Vancouver Island off Canada‗s Pacific coast. The city has apopulation of about 80,017 within the metropolitan area of Greater Victoria, whichhas a population of 344,615, the 15th most populous Canadian metro region. Victoria is about 100 kilometres (62 miles) from BCs largest city of Vancouver onthe mainland. The city is about 100 kilometres (62 miles) from Seattle by airplane,ferry, or the Victoria Clipper passenger-only ferry which operates daily, year roundbetween Seattle and Victoria and 40 kilometres (25 miles) from PortAngeles, Washington by ferry across the Juan de Fuca Strait. Named after Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom and, at the time, British NorthAmerica, Victoria is one of the oldest cities in the Pacific Northwest, with Britishsettlement beginning in 1843. The city has retained a large number of its historicbuildings, in particular its two most famous landmarks, the British ColumbiaParliament Buildings(finished in 1897 and home of the Legislative Assembly ofBritish Columbia) and the Empress hotel(opened in 1908). The citys Chinatown isthe second oldest in North America after San Franciscos. The regions Coast SalishFirst Nations peoples established communities in the area long before non-nativesettlement, possibly several thousand years earlier, which had large populations atthe time of European exploration. Victoria, like many Vancouver Islandcommunities, continues to have a sizable First Nations presence, composed ofpeoples from all over Vancouver Island and beyond.
3. sun shine coast The Sunshine Coast is a region of the southern mainland coast of BritishColumbia, Canada, on the mainland on the eastern shore of the Strait of Georgia,and just northwest of Greater Vancouver. It includes the coastal areas of theregional district of Sunshine Coast, where the name originated, and more recentlythe regional district of Powell River up to and including the village of Lund, fartherup the coast. While populous and frequently visited by tourists, the Sunshine Coast can bereached only by ferry (commonly BC Ferries) or by float/airplane; because of thesteep, rugged terrain, no access roads have been built around or across the fiords toconnect with the rest of the province. The area around Powell River, also on themainland and inaccessible by road, is considered by some to be part of the SunshineCoast, while others use the name to refer only to the area between Langdale (nearthe Town of Gibson in the south) and Egmont (in the north). Population centres on the Lower Sunshine Coast include Gibsons (near the BCFerries terminal at Langdale for vessels coming from Vancouver),Roberts Creek,and Sechelt on the isthmus. On the Sechelt Peninsula are Halfmoon Bay, SecretCove (in between Sechelt and Pender Harbour) and Pender Harbour. At the northend of the peninsula, the ferry to Powell River docks near Egmont at Earls Cove.These small settlements are near Skookumchuck Narrows, where theskookumchuck or "strong water", the worlds biggest tidal marine rapids, channelsthe tidal flow in and out of the fiord known as Sechelt Inlet.
ONTARIO Ontario is one of the provinces of Canada, located in east-central Canada. It isCanadas most populous province or territory and second largest province in totalarea. Ontario is fourth largest in total area when the territories of The NorthwestTerritories and Nunavut are included. It is home to the nations capital city, Ottawa,and the nations most populous city, Toronto. Ontario is bordered by the province of Manitoba to the west, Hudson Bay and JamesBay to the north, and Quebec to the east, and to the south by the U.S.states of Minnesota, Michigan, New York, Ohio and Pennsylvania. All but a smallpart of Ontarios 2,700 km (1,677 mi) border with the United States follows inlandwaterways: from the west at Lake of the Woods, eastward along the major rivers andlakes of the Great Lakes/Saint Lawrence River drainage system. These are the RainyRiver, the Pigeon River, Lake Superior, the St. Marys River, Lake Huron, the St.Clair River, Lake St. Clair, the Detroit River, Lake Erie, the Niagara River, LakeOntario and along the St. Lawrence River from Kingston, Ontario, to the Quebecboundary just east of Cornwall, Ontario. Ontario is sometimes conceptually divided into two regions, NorthernOntario and Southern Ontario. The great majority of Ontarios population andits arable land is located in the south. In contrast, the larger, northern part ofOntario is sparsely populated.
1. Toronto Toronto is the largest city in Canada and the provincial capital of Ontario. It islocated in Southern Ontario on the north-western shore of Lake Ontario. Toronto isa relatively modern city. Its history begins in the late 18th century, when the BritishCrown purchased its land from the Mississaugas of the New Credit. The Britishestablished a settlement there, called the Town of York, which its lieutenantgovernor, John Graves Simcoe, designated as the capital of Upper Canada. The citywas ransacked in the Battle of York during the War of 1812. In 1834, York wasincorporated as a city and renamed Toronto. It was damaged in two hugefires, in 1849 and 1904. Over the years, Toronto has several times expanded itsborders through amalgamation with surrounding municipalities, most recently in1998. The city has 2.6 million residents, according to the 2011 Census. It is currentlythe fifth most populous city in North America. The census metropolitan area (CMA)had a population of 5,583,064,and the Greater Toronto Area (GTA) had apopulation of 6,054,191 in the 2011 Census. Toronto is at the heart of the GreaterToronto Area, and of the densely populated region in Southern Ontario known asthe Golden Horseshoe. Its cosmopolitan and international populationreflects itsrole as an important destination for immigrants to Canada. Toronto is one of theworlds most diverse cities by percentage of non-native-born residents, with about49% of the population born outside Canada. As Canadas commercial capital, it ishome to the Toronto Stock Exchange and some of the nations largestbanks. Toronto will host the 2015 Pan American Games.
2. CN Tower The CN Tower is a 553.33 m-high (1,815.4 ft) concrete communications andobservation tower in Downtown Toronto, Ontario Canada.It was completed in1976, becoming the worlds tallest free-standing structure and worlds tallesttower at the time. It held both records for 34 years until the completion of BurjKhalifa and Canton Tower in 2010. It remains the tallest free-standing structure inthe Western Hemisphere, a signature icon of Torontos skyline, and a symbol ofCanada,attracting more than two million international visitors annually. Its name "CN" originally referred to Canadian National, the railway company thatbuilt the tower. Following the railways decision to divest non-core freight railwayassets, prior to the companys privatization in 1995, it transferred the tower tothe Canada Lands Company, a federal Crown corporation responsible for real estatedevelopment. Since the name CN Tower became common in daily usage, theabbreviation was eventually expanded to Canadian NationalTower or Canadas National Tower. However, neither of these names iscommonly used. In 1995, the CN Tower was declared one of the modern Seven Wonders of theWorld by the American Society of Civil Engineers. It also belongs to the WorldFederation of Great Towers, where it holds second-place ranking.
3. HTO Park The park is built on quays that was once used by shipsberthing in Torontos Inner Harbour. The park consists of two sections: HTO Park West is built on the eastern half of Maple Leaf Quay HTO Park East is built on the old Peter Street Slip The two quays are concrete man made infill from the early20th Century. The eastern portion was home to Maple LeafMills Silos until 1983. The western half was home to a smallerindustrial business with a small office structure and tanksDuring the 1980s, a condo project was built on part of MapleLeaf Quay while the rest stood empty as a parking lot. Theeastern portion lay empty in the 1980s and 1990s.