PROGRAMME IN INDIA
Immunisationcampaign - by the GO I in 1995-96
To eradicate poliomyelitis (polio) in India by vaccinating all children under the age of 5 yr
Large scale immunisation programme, co-operating with various international institutions, state
governments and Non Governmental Organisations.
vaccination against Polio started in 1978 with Expanded Program in Immunisation (EPI).
1984- was successful in covering around 40% of all infants, giving 3 doses of OPV
1985, the Universal Immunisation Program (UIP) was launched to cover all the districts of the country.
UIP became a part of child safe and survical motherland program (CSSM) in 1992 and Reproductive and
Child Health Program (RCH) in 1997(coverage 95%).
1995, following the Polio Eradication Initiative of World Health Organization (1988), India launched Pulse
Polio Immunisation Program along with Universal Immunisation Program which aimed at 100% coverage.
2012, India was declared free of polio by WHO.
A peep into the history................
Status of the nation in 2004
• 83% of all new polio cases were found in india
• Types of polio vaccine
Two main types
A killed vaccine given by injection
• SalkVaccine / InactivatedPolio Vaccine (IPV)
A live attenuated vaccine
• given orally
Sabin Vaccine /Oral PolioVaccine (OPV)
Last Reported Polio Cases
Polio Virus Type Date of last case Location
P1 13 January 2011 Howrah (Panchla),
P2 24 October 1999 Aligarh, UP
P3 22 October 2010 Pakur , Jharkhand
Source: WHO 5
Surveillance of efficacy.
Identifying missing children from immunisation process.
Immunising children with OPV on National Immunisation Days.
Ensuring vaccine vial monitor on each vaccine vial.
Arranging employees, volunteers and vaccines.
Initialising walk-in cold rooms, freezer rooms, deep freezers, ice-lined refrigerators
and cold boxes for ensuring steady supply of vaccine to booths.
Setting up of booths in all parts of the country
Steps taken by the Government to achieve target of
•All States and Union Territories - developed a Rapid Response Team
• An Emergency Preparedness and Response Plan (EPRP) :
• Special booths established in areas bordering neighbouring
• High level of vigilance through surveillance across the country
•A rolling emergency stock of OPV is being
• An expert sub-group will be established to discuss
issues related to OPV
•Government of India has identified 107 High risk
•Migratory populations are identified
• Last polio case in the country
:Howrah district of West Bengal
with date of onset 13th January
• Thereafter no polio case has
been reported in the country
(25th May 2012).
• WHO on 24th February 2012
removed India from the list of
countries with active endemic wild
polio virus transmission.
•24 lakh vaccinators and
1.5 lakh supervisors
involved in the
of the Pulse Polio
• Key Architects
• Ministry of Health and
Government of India
• World Health
State Governments and Union
Territories' Administrations in India
United Nations Children's Fund
The World Bank
The United States Agency for
International Development (USAID)
The Danish International Development
The Japan International Cooperation
The Department for International
Development (DfID, UK)
Voluntary Agencies, Volunteers,
Anganawadi Workers, Health Workers
The beneficiary children and their