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Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17
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Assignment 2nd(sdlc)id-17

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  1. The System Development Life CycleWhat is an information system (IS)? Hardware, software, data, System—Set of components people, and procedures that that interact to achieve work together to produce common goal quality information Businesses use many types of systems
  2. The System Development Life CycleWhat are the phases of the system development cycle? Phase 2. Analysis  Conduct preliminary investigationPhase 1. Planning  Perform detailed analysis activities: Review project requests Phase 3. Design Study current system  Acquire hardware Prioritize project Determine user requirements and software, if requests necessary Recommend solution Allocate resources  Develop details of Identify project system development team Phase 5. Support Phase 4. Implementation  Conduct post-implementation  Develop programs, if necessary system review  Install and test new system  Identify errors and enhancements  Train users  Monitor system performance  Convert to new system
  3. The System Development Life CycleWhat are guidelines for system development? Involve users (anyone for whom system is being built) Develop clearly defined standards (procedures company expects employees to follow)
  4. The System Development Life CycleWhoparticipates inthe systemdevelopmentlife cycle?
  5. The System Development Life CycleWhat is a systems analyst? Responsible for designing and developing information system Liaison between users and IT professionals
  6. The System Development Life CycleWhat is the project team? Formed to work on project from beginning to end Consists of users, systems analyst, and other IT professionals Project leader—one member of the team who manages and controls project budget and schedule
  7. The System Development Life CycleWhat is feasibility? Operational feasibility Measure of how suitable system Four feasibility development tests: will be to the Schedule company feasibility Economic feasibility (also called Technical cost/benefit feasibility feasibility)
  8. The System Development Life CycleWhat is documentation? Collection and summarization of data and information Includes reports, diagrams, programs, and other deliverables
  9. The System Development Life CycleWhat are six data and information gathering techniques? Review documentation Observe Questionnaire Interview Joint-application design (JAD) session Research
  10. The System Development Life CycleWhat are some reasons to create or modify aninformation system? To correct problem To improve in existing system existing system Outside group may Competition can mandate change lead to change
  11. The System Development Life CycleWhat is the planning phase? Begins when steering committee receives project request Steering committee— decision-making body for the company Function of committee: Form project Review and development Prioritize Allocate approve project team for each project requests resources requests approved project
  12. The System Development Life CycleWhat is the analysis phase? Conduct preliminary Perform detailed investigation, also analysis called feasibility study
  13. The System Development Life CycleWhat is the preliminary investigation? Determine exact nature of problem or improvement and whether it is worth pursuing  Findings are presented in feasibility report, also known as a feasibility study
  14. The System Development Life CycleWhat is detailed analysis? 1. Study how current system works 2. Determine user’s wants, needs, and requirements 3. Recommend solution Sometimes called logical design
  15. The System Development Life CycleWhat is thesystem proposal? Assesses feasibility of each alternative solution Presented to steering Recommends committee, which the most decides how system feasible will be developed solution for the project
  16. The System Development Life CycleWhat are possible solutions? Horizontal market software—meets needs of many companies Buy packaged software—prewritten software available for purchase Vertical market software—designed for particular industry Write own custom software—software developed at user’s request Outsource—have outside source develop software
  17. The System Development Life CycleWhat is the design phase? Acquire hardware and software Develop all details of new or modified information system
  18. The System Development Life CycleWhat is needed to acquire new hardware and software? Identify all hardware and software requirements of new or modified system Talk with other Surf Web systems analysts Read print and online Visit vendors’ stores trade journals, newspapers, and magazines
  19. The System Development Life CycleWhat are three basic documents used tosummarize technical specifications? Vendor quotes Identifies Request for quotation (RFQ) price(s) for product(s) listed you want product(s) Vendor selects Request for proposal (RFP) product(s) that meet(s) your requirements and then quotes Less formal method price(s) that uses standard form to request information about Request for information (RFI) product or service
  20. The System Development Life CycleHow do systems analysts test software products? References from vendor Talk to current users of product Product demonstrations Trial version of software Benchmark test measures performance
  21. The System Development Life CycleWhat is a detailed design? Detailed design specifications for components in proposed solution Includes several activities Database Input and Program design output design design
  22. The System Development Life CycleWhat is a mockup? Sample of input or output that contains actual data
  23. The System Development Life CycleWhat is a prototype? Working model of proposed system Beginning a prototype too early may lead to problems
  24. The System Development Life CycleWhat is computer-aided software engineering (CASE)? Software tools designed to support activities of system development cycle
  25. The System Development Life CycleWhat is the implementation phase? Purpose is to construct, or build, new or modified system and then deliver it to users Convert to new system Train users Install and test new system Develop programs
  26. The System Development Life CycleWhat are the three types of tests performed bysystem developers? Unit Test Systems test Verifies each Verifies all programs individual program in application work works by itself together Integration Test Verifies application works with other applications
  27. The System Development Life CycleWhat is training? Showing users exactly how they will use new hardware and software in system
  28. The System Development Life CycleWhat is the support phase? Provides ongoing assistance after system is implemented Conduct post-implementation system review—meeting to find out if information system is performing according to expectations Identify errors Identify enhancements Monitor system performance

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