The American Revolution
Declaration of Independence <ul><li>Has three parts </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Rights :   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>purpose of ...
Celebrating the signing
1783-Treaty of Paris <ul><li>Granted independence </li></ul><ul><li>Ended the War </li></ul><ul><li>Set boundaries of new ...
THE EARLY REPUBLIC 1781-1801
<ul><li>Colonists came to America with concepts of : </li></ul><ul><li>limited government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>not all po...
Rights of Englishmen <ul><li>Magna Carta-1215 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>King cannot tax or declare war without permission of t...
<ul><li>The idea of guaranteeing individual rights developed over time, 1215 – 1689 </li></ul><ul><li>Not just with the Bi...
Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Ran 1781-88 </li></ul><ul><li>First constitution of the United States  </li></ul><ul><ul...
<ul><li>1783-1789  known as  “The Critical Period” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nation nearly failed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>N...
Shay’s Rebellion <ul><li>Daniel Shays </li></ul><ul><ul><li>led a rebellion by farmers against unfair economic conditions ...
<ul><li>Showed that the Government was ineffective </li></ul><ul><li>US political leadership realized something had to be ...
Constitutional Convention-1787 Philadelphia   12/13 States attend (Rhode Island did not)
Convened to Strengthen  The Articles of Confederation   <ul><li>Realized early that a new system of government was needed ...
“ Father of the Constitution” <ul><li>James Madison </li></ul><ul><ul><li>considered best prepared delegate, </li></ul></u...
3 Key conflicts to resolve <ul><li>led to concepts of: </li></ul><ul><li>Separation of powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Create...
#2 - How to decide representation <ul><li>Large States vs. Small States </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey Plan   </li></ul><ul>...
#3 - North vs. South   <ul><li>The 3/5’s Compromise   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>three out of five slaves would be counted for ...
Ratification Process <ul><li>Acceptance needed for new constitution to be enforced </li></ul><ul><li>Approval by 9 of 13 S...
Federalist Papers <ul><li>Series of essays written by Hamilton, Madison, John Jay </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reasons why Consti...
Signing the Constitution
The Constitution   <ul><li>The Supreme Law of the Land </li></ul><ul><ul><li>establish legitimacy, right to rule </li></ul...
Structure <ul><li>Preamble  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>introduction/purpose of Constitution   </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Articles (...
<ul><ul><ul><li>protects our individual rights </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Added to appease the Anti-Federalists <...
Launching the New Nation   <ul><li>George elected first President, 1789-1796 </li></ul><ul><li>New York City first capital...
<ul><li>served two terms  (8 years) and stepped down </li></ul><ul><ul><li>every President after followed his example </li...
John Adams elected 2nd President, 1797-1800 <ul><li>very blunt, impatient </li></ul><ul><ul><li>not very popular   </li></...
<ul><li>Alien-Sedition Acts, 1798 </li></ul><ul><li>allowed President to deport or jail any alien considered to be undesir...
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Founding doc powerpoint

2,139 views

Published on

Published in: Education, News & Politics
0 Comments
1 Like
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,139
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
1,650
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
5
Comments
0
Likes
1
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Founding doc powerpoint

  1. 1. The American Revolution
  2. 2. Declaration of Independence <ul><li>Has three parts </li></ul><ul><li>Natural Rights : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>purpose of government is to protect inalienable rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>rights that all people have </li></ul></ul><ul><li>List of wrongs : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>by the British that led to the Colonies to break away </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Independence : </li></ul><ul><ul><li>announces that colonies are a free and independent nation, The United States of America </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Celebrating the signing
  4. 4. 1783-Treaty of Paris <ul><li>Granted independence </li></ul><ul><li>Ended the War </li></ul><ul><li>Set boundaries of new nation </li></ul>
  5. 5. THE EARLY REPUBLIC 1781-1801
  6. 6. <ul><li>Colonists came to America with concepts of : </li></ul><ul><li>limited government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>not all powerful, not Absolute </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Representative government </li></ul><ul><li>Ordered government </li></ul><ul><ul><li>no government official is above the law </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Rights of Englishmen <ul><li>Magna Carta-1215 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>King cannot tax or declare war without permission of the Nobles </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>cannot imprison without a jury trial/due process </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Petition of Right-1628 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>protection of civil liberties </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>no taxation without consent of Parliament </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Habeas Corpus Act-1679 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>prevent arbitrary arrest and imprisonment </li></ul></ul><ul><li>English Bill of Rights-1689 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>prevents abuse by monarchs and guarantees citizens rights </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. <ul><li>The idea of guaranteeing individual rights developed over time, 1215 – 1689 </li></ul><ul><li>Not just with the Bill of Rights </li></ul>
  9. 9. Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Ran 1781-88 </li></ul><ul><li>First constitution of the United States </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Provided for a weak central government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could tax but could not enforce </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Could declare War </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>States held most power </li></ul></ul><ul><li>13 separate governments </li></ul><ul><li>Mainly a defensive pact </li></ul>Articles of Confederation
  10. 10. <ul><li>1783-1789 known as “The Critical Period” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Nation nearly failed </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>New constitution was needed </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Shay’s Rebellion <ul><li>Daniel Shays </li></ul><ul><ul><li>led a rebellion by farmers against unfair economic conditions and laws. </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. <ul><li>Showed that the Government was ineffective </li></ul><ul><li>US political leadership realized something had to be done </li></ul>
  13. 13. Constitutional Convention-1787 Philadelphia 12/13 States attend (Rhode Island did not)
  14. 14. Convened to Strengthen The Articles of Confederation <ul><li>Realized early that a new system of government was needed </li></ul><ul><li>Decided to meet in secret sessions </li></ul><ul><li>George Washington-President of the convention </li></ul>
  15. 15. “ Father of the Constitution” <ul><li>James Madison </li></ul><ul><ul><li>considered best prepared delegate, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>led many discussions </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>made many proposals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Made daily notes </li></ul></ul>
  16. 16. 3 Key conflicts to resolve <ul><li>led to concepts of: </li></ul><ul><li>Separation of powers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Created 3 branches of government </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Legislative, Executive, Judicial Branch </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>each Branch has its own power and responsibility </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Checks and Balances </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Maintains the separation of powers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Each Branch has some control over other two </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>No Branch in total control </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>President can veto laws, Congress can over-ride veto </li></ul></ul></ul>#1 - Strong Central Government vs. Weak Central Government
  17. 17. #2 - How to decide representation <ul><li>Large States vs. Small States </li></ul><ul><li>New Jersey Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>each State represented equally, unicameral congress </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Virginia Plan </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Representation by population, bicameral congress </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Resulted in the Great Compromise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>bicameral congress/lower house based on population/upper house equal representation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Both houses had to agree before something is done. </li></ul></ul>
  18. 18. #3 - North vs. South <ul><li>The 3/5’s Compromise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>three out of five slaves would be counted for representation and taxation </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Commerce and Slave Trade Compromise </li></ul><ul><ul><li>congress could regulate trade </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>slave trade to be outlawed in 20 years (1808) </li></ul></ul>
  19. 19. Ratification Process <ul><li>Acceptance needed for new constitution to be enforced </li></ul><ul><li>Approval by 9 of 13 States needed </li></ul><ul><li>1 st political parties formed </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Federalist – For </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Anti-Federalist – Opposed, wanted rights guaranteed </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1791 – Bill Of rights Added, protection of individual rights </li></ul>
  20. 20. Federalist Papers <ul><li>Series of essays written by Hamilton, Madison, John Jay </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reasons why Constitution should be approved </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Collected and published in book form in New York </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to convince people of New York to support new constitution </li></ul></ul>
  21. 21. Signing the Constitution
  22. 22. The Constitution <ul><li>The Supreme Law of the Land </li></ul><ul><ul><li>establish legitimacy, right to rule </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Establishes “Popular Sovereignty” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>the people have the final authority in government </li></ul></ul></ul>
  23. 23. Structure <ul><li>Preamble </li></ul><ul><ul><li>introduction/purpose of Constitution </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Articles (7) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>rules/powers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Amendments - 27 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1-10 are the Bill of Rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>13-15 are the Civil War Amendments </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>16-27 are the 20th century amendments </li></ul></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><ul><ul><li>protects our individual rights </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Added to appease the Anti-Federalists </li></ul></ul></ul>
  25. 25. Launching the New Nation <ul><li>George elected first President, 1789-1796 </li></ul><ul><li>New York City first capital city </li></ul><ul><li>Built the Executive Branch </li></ul><ul><li>C reated the first cabinet </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Assist, advise the President </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>served two terms (8 years) and stepped down </li></ul><ul><ul><li>every President after followed his example </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Farewell Address: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>advises U.S. to stay out foreign affairs, stay neutral. </li></ul></ul>
  27. 27. John Adams elected 2nd President, 1797-1800 <ul><li>very blunt, impatient </li></ul><ul><ul><li>not very popular </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Fought a Quasi (partial) naval war with France </li></ul><ul><ul><li>lasted two years </li></ul></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Alien-Sedition Acts, 1798 </li></ul><ul><li>allowed President to deport or jail any alien considered to be undesirable or </li></ul><ul><li>expressing “false, scandalous, malicious statements against the Government </li></ul><ul><li>Resulted in two States nullifying the Act as unconstitutional </li></ul>

×